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on 15 September 2013

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Transcript of EDUCATION

(Australian Bureau of Statistic, 2011) states that in 2011 3,541,809 students attended schools in Australia and in that time primary students rose by 1.3%, from 2,015,017 to 2,042,081.

Students are at risk of not achieving their education, social and psychological potential and are disadvantaged in the quality of choices they are able to make in later life situations if poor patterns of attendance takes place (Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, n.d.).
Australian Curriculum, Assessment And Reporting Authority (ACARA) is responsible for the development of the Australian Curriculum from foundation to Year 12.

In regards to Primary School curriculum the subjects range from State to State. This includes the Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, English, Maths and Sport. (http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/Curriculum/Overview)
Primary School education in the 21st century is only growing with new technology such as tablets, computers, internet and social media platforms.

The Australian government has spent over $14.1 billion to upgrade libraries with multipurpose halls and classrooms (http://deewr.gov.au/primary-schools-21st-century).

The level of education in the primary level is from kindergarten to grade 6 in Australia which may vary from state to state (http://web.archive.org/web/20121020142101/http://www.australianexplorer.com/australian_school_systems.htm).

Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. (n.d). School , For Principles and Administrators, Student Health and Wellbeing, Student Attendance. Retrieved from http://www.education.vic.gov.au/school/principals/health/Pages/studentattendance.aspx

Australiab Bureau of Statistics. (2011). Schools, Australia, 2011 (No. 4221.0). Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4221.0main+features302011

Education and Work, Australia, May 2012. (2012, November 29) (Australian Bureau of Statistics). Retrieved August 20, 2013, from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/6227.0~May+2012~Main+Features~Participation?OpenDocument

Education and Work, Australia, May 2012. (2012, November 29) (Australian Bureau of Statistics). Retrieved August 22, 2013, from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/6227.0Main%20Features4May%202012 opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=6227.0&issue=May%202012&num=&view=

Australian Qualifications Framework (2013). Australian Qualifications Framework, January 2013 (Second Edition). Retrieved from http://www.aqf.edu.au/resources/aqf/

Curriculum (“secondary education”2012) retrieved from http://ourkidz.com.au/content/view/294/62/lang,en/

Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (n.d.). The Australian Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS). Retrieved August 22, 2013, from http://cricos.deewr.gov.au/default.aspx

National Skills Standards Council (2012, May 8). Functions. Retrieved September 14, 2013, from http://www.nssc.natese.gov.au/about/functions

Student attendance graph [image] (2010) retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/93EB4563583425CCCA25773700169C91?opendocument

Education levels achieved (Australian Bureau of Statistics) [Data File] 2010 retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by+Subject/4125.0~Jan+2012~Main+Features~Participation+and+retention~2110

Education levels achieved (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008) retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Chapter6002008

Technology(“computers in Schools”, 2013) retrieved from http://deewr.gov.au/computers-schools

technology image [Image] (2010) retrieved from http://whytechnologyinclass.blogspot.com.au/

Hulu (2008, October 30) Two D’s and an F [Video File] Video posted to http://www.youtube.com

Community Child Health, The Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne. (2005). School Readiness. Retrieved from: http://ww2.rch.org.au/emplibrary/ccch/CPR_Vol14No3_PS_SchlRead.pdf

Early Childhood Australia. (2013, September 5) Why Play based Learning. Retrieved from www.earlychildhoodaustralia.org.au/every_child_magazine/every_child_index/why_play-based_learning.html

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009). Preschool Attendance (No 4102.0). Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features40Dec+2009
Image source: https://www.google.com.au/search?q=scholarships&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=vTMTUu3IHMi4iQfSqIGIDA&biw=1680&bih=925&sei=wDMTUqHoDc7ykAX8s4HIDg#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=XlIm_yu6U1gBTM%3A%3BiJuOp8LbZu2jCM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcamerchine.org%252Fwp-content%252Fuploads%252F2013%252F04%252Fscholarship1.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcamerchine.org%252Fcategory%252Fscholarship%252F%3B1050%3B1050
The Australian bureau of Statistics (“participation and retention”, 2010) states that depending on state or territory, the age for compulsory schooling is 15 or 16 years of age. Furthermore, an average of 18% of year 12 students in Tasmania and South Australia study at a part-time rate.
A common reason for students leaving or studying part time after their compulsory years are to seek employment or commence a vocational education program through TAFE.

Whilst secondary schooling is generally undertaken over a 5-year period, we see only in the final 2 years of study the ability to select a diverse range of subjects. For the first 2 years of junior secondary school, the program is fairly mainstream, with an emphasis on the core subjects of math’s, English and science (“Secondary Education”, 2012). Through the middle schooling years and into senior years a steady flow of subject options becomes available. The following table represents a range of subjects covered through junior and middle high school programs.

It is not surprising to see a trend that females have a higher completion rate of secondary school, standing at 83%, as opposed to males 73% (“participation and retention”, 2010). We see a difference of up to 20% in the completion rates of year 12 students from inner-city areas to those in more remote areas. Furthermore, as little as 5% do not complete year 10 qualifications (“Education Australia”, 2008).

Technology has made a significant difference in how students interact and complete secondary school. Introductions of laptops and even tablet devices over the last 5 years has also seen the evolution of emailing homework to teaching staff to name just one example. Moreover, students start to develop essential technological skills that will hold them in good stead for future endeavors; both career and educational (“Computers in Schools”, 2013).
According to Universities Australia more than one million people are enrolled in over 39 universities around Australia.

International Students make up 27% of enrolled students with 332,998 enrolled in 2012
There are two types of courses in university Undergraduate or Post Graduate. Undergraduate courses are usually your first course at university after you have completed an undergraduate course you are able to complete a Post Graduate course.

Another way to differentiate between the two Bachelor courses is usually undergraduate and Post Graduate courses are normally Graduate Diploma or Master
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in May 2012, there were 14.8 million people aged 15–64 years in Australia. Approximately 518,200 (18%) were at Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutions and 363,600 (13%) were at other educational institutions. A higher proportion of males than females reported their level of highest educational attainment as Certificate III or IV, with 22% of all males reporting this qualification, compared with 13% of females.
The levels of attainment achievable in the vocational education sector as listed in the Australian Qualifications Framework are:
1. Certificate I
2. Certificate II
3. Certificate III
4. Certificate IV
5. Diploma
6. Advanced Diploma

Vocational education spans numerous fields and has a broad spectrum of privately and government funded education providers and therefore, its curriculum is highly variable in nature.
The vocational education sector curriculum is based on the division and measure of competencies for each course. In most cases a course completion is achievable once all competencies are achieved. The standards for Vocational Education and Training Sector courses are regulated by the National Skills Standards Council (NSSC), which ensures that training meets the requirements of the standards for development and endorsement.
For international students, studying on student visas, courses must be registered with the Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS).

As the Australian economy continues to become more digitalised, technology based and globalised the vocational education sector should continue to adapt to this change. Significantly, eLearning and online services have been adopted by many institutions, which will be greatly facilitated by planned investment in more efficient broadband networks throughout Australia.
Recent trends showing increasing ratios of students before graduating from secondary school to the vocational education sector indicates a higher dependence on it as a career pathway.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009 states that in 2008 395,000 children aged between 3-5 years attended a preschool program in Australia. This shows that parents believe preschool is most beneficial before starting at a more formal primary school; with 84% of children aged 4 attending compared with 57% of 3 year olds.
Preschools offer both high quality early childhood education programs which include pre-maths and pre-literacy skills and play-based learning which is built on the Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF). The EYLF outlines the key principles and practices which guide early childhood educators and explores the different ways of how children learn.

The curriculum in an early childhood setting refers to all the things that children experience, either intentionally or planned. The structure of the curriculum (framework) is flexible, allowing for unplanned or spontaneous learning.

Early Learning Services offer an extensive school readiness program for children aged 3-6 years based on the National Early Years Learning Framework.

When making a decision about school readiness educators consider children’s language skills, physical well-being, motor co-ordination and skills, concentration and emotional adjustment, independence.
Young children live in a world of interactive media. Through the use of technology in an early childhood setting (computers, ipads, cameras), children are able to extend on their learning as they explore ideas, establish meaningful enquiries and develop positive learning habits.

Video source: Reid, Kimalee. (2010, May 16). The Early Years Learning Framework for Australia - Belonging, Being, Becoming. Retrieved from: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zw16qT-YYoQ
Picture source: Getbettergradesnow.com (2013, August 6). Get Better Grades. Retrieved from: http://www.getbettergradesnow.com/blog/
Picture source: Cartoonstock.com (n.d.). Preschools Cartoons and Comics. Retrieved from: http://www.cartoonstock.com/directory/p/preschools.asp
Picture source: Abs.gov.au (2009). 4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, Dec 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features40Dec+2009
Australian education is evolving every year with new technology and ideas being introduced to teaching programs and classrooms. We can see that attendance rates are increasing as well as the progress of future education. The Australian schooling curriculum varies from primary, secondary and tertiary education however all students end up with the same outcome, school readiness or graduation from their education level.
Education in Australia is compulsory from ages five to fifteen, depending of the state or territory and the child's date of birth. It follows three consecutive stages which includes pre-primary/primary education (early learning centers and primary schools), secondary education (secondary/high schools) and tertiary education (universities and/or TAFE). Each stage follows their own curriculum with the introduction of technology into most teaching programs.
Image source: mgleeson (n.d.). Archive for Writing. Retrieved from: http://mgleeson.edublogs.org/category/writing-2/
Image sourced: CSL Carton Stock (n.d.). School Records Cartoons and Comics. Retrieved from: http://www.cartoonstock.com/directory/s/school_records.asp
Image sourced: CSL Carton Stock (n.d.). School Records Cartoons and Comics. Retrieved from: http://www.cartoonstock.com/directory/s/school_records.asp
Image sourced: Many Students, One Teacher. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/77481531@N04/6953448156/in/photolist
Image sourced: Australian Qualifications Framework. Retrieved from: http://www.aqf.edu.au/resources/aqf/
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