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Gender Roles in Nigeria

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by

Sunny Roberts

on 17 February 2016

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Transcript of Gender Roles in Nigeria

Men's Roles
Women's Roles
Gender Roles in Nigeria
By Sunny Roberts, Gloria Kammer, and MiKenna Toney
Pre-Colonialization
Post Colonialization
Women's Roles
Men's roles
Jobs
Women's Roles


Jobs
Division of labor was along gender lines
women controlled such occupations as food processing, mat weaving, pottery making, and cooking
women's major roles in society- played in the home as wife and mother
Women often expected to earn significant portions of the family income
more complementary than subordinate to men
Women in Society
Usually exploited and cheated in labor- not paid as much as men
Traditional society encouraged equality between the genders
not total equality
women are expected to know how to cook
Yoruba and Hausa- documented periods with women leaders
play large roles in social and economic opportunity
often beaten by their husbands if disobedient
Common work:
were clearing the bush
planting yams to provide the family with enough yams until the next planting season
leading the village
man runs the home (not housework)
makes all important decision
provided for family (money-wise)
Men in Society
patriarchal society
treat wives as second in command
A Nigerian boy is expected to leave his father's house by the age of 30, fend for himself, and build his own home
wealth and number of wives determine status
make most of the big tribal decisions
1999 Constitution of Nigeria prohibits sexual discrimination
large number of women moved toward education
less limited access to health care
political reform to give women more power and move away from customs that hold women back
beating women is less acceptable
Relationship Between Men and Women
Males in the households typically have a greater decision making power then the rest of the family.
Sometimes the sons may even make the decisions for the mothers, but that usually only occurs if the father can't.
Most Nigerians believe the male is supposed to take up the job of paying the bills
Nigerian women are expected to treat the men with full respect. They are expected to be there for their husbands at any moment.
The men run the house based on how much the wife is worth.
Men usually dominant the women and abuse them when they are doing something wrong.
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