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Chapter 35 America in World War II
Transcript of Chapter 35 America in World War II
America had a more complex and tougher time than during WWII;
-Transport all their goods/materials to far away regions.
-Give food and munitions to their allies. Manpower and Womanpower Both men and woman had to take part in participating in the armed force.
Because of these drafts, there weren't enough workers.
In 1942 came in the Bracero program, which brought Mexican workers to America as resident workers.
Millions of women took jobs out of the house and worked in the war industry. Chapter 35 America in World War II Chana Thanarakkiet
Per. 1 1. Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.
2. Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.
3. Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.
4. Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.
5. Describe the early Allied invasion of North Africa and Italy, the strategic tensions with the Soviet Union over the Second Front, and the invasion of Normandy in 1944.
6. Discuss FDR’s successful 1944 campaign against Thomas Dewey for a fourth term and his controversial choice of a new vice president.
7. Explain the final military efforts that brought Allied victory in Europe and Asia and the significance of the atomic bomb. Wartime Migration The war forced people to move to new places, some even went to cities which are far from their home.
Especially for the blacks who left the south to seek for jobs.
In 1941, Black Leader, A. Philip Randolph, threatened a "Negro March to Washington" demanding equal opportunities and treatment.
In 1944, mechanical cotton picker made the Cotton South's need for cheap labor disappear.
Native Americans also had to leave their homes in hope to find work in the armed forces. A Second Front from North Africa to Rome The Last Days of Hitler The Rising Sun in the Pacific Japan's High Tide at Midway In ever land the Japanese conquered upon led to more land.
Conquering Guam, Wake, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and Burma. On May 1942, was a naval battle between Japan and America in the Coral Sea.
June 3-6, 1942, Japan tried to seize Midway Island, but was forced back by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz.
Admiral Chester directed a smaller but skillfully maneuvered carrier force and invaded Japan's powerful fleet.
-Japan retreated after losing 4 carriers. Roosevelt Defeats Dewey Roosevelt won the majority of the votes and was re-elected.
He won primarily because the war was going well.
Roosevelt's experience was needed for making a future organization for world peace. The Atomic Bombs July 16,1945 the first bomb was detonated in Japan and refused to surrender.
In total, two bombs were dropped in Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9, 1945).
Japan surrendered just a few days after the bombing.
Ending the war on September 2, 1945. President Roosevelt wanted to begin a diversionary invasion of France in 1942 or 1943.
Fearing that the Soviets, unable to hold out forever against Germany, would make a separate peace as they had in 1918.
The British devised an invasion through North Africa and preferred to attack Hitler through the "soft underbelly" of the Mediterranean.
After the success of Africa, the Allied force captured Sicily in August 1943.
In September 1943, Italy surrendered and Mussolini overthrown. D-Day: June 6, 1944 The Big Three (FDR, Churchill, and Stalin ) met in Teheran, Iran from November 28th to Dec 1st to coordinate the second front.
General Eisenhower was given command of the whole operation.
On June 6, 1944, D-Day began the assault on Normandy.
Paris was freed in August 1944. December 16, 1944, began the Battle of "the Bulge."
General Eisenhower's troop reached the Elbe River, finding the concentration camps where the Nazi killed millions of Jews.
FDR died from brain hemorrhage.
May 7, 1945, German government surrendered and was known as V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day).