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Peter Paul Rubens

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Ashley Spitzmiller

on 25 April 2014

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Transcript of Peter Paul Rubens

Original paintingincluded three predella paintings (small panels attached below central piece), triptyck
Peter Paul Rubens
Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus
Hippopotamus and Crocodile Hunt
Peter Paul Rubens
Venus and Adonis
Raising of the Cross
The Judgement of Paris
Rubens used his paintings to satisfy a multitude of obligations highlighting a variety of perspectives of the privileged society.
Oil on canvas
Oil on
Oil on canvas
"Venus, assisted by Cupid, vainly tries to restrain her mortal lover Adonis from setting off for the hunt."
"Paris, seated with his back to the viewer, gives the prize of a golden apple to Venus, the central standing goddess, whom he judged to be the most beautiful of the three."
Oil on oak
left wing: Virgin & St. John with a group of horrified women & children watching executers as they go about their task.
middle: principal subject of
the Raising of the Cross
fills the large middle panel, extended panels present a continuous scene.
Right: Roman offices issue orders, the two are likewise prepared for execution.
The Raising of the Cross
strong rising to become stronger
going against realism

cross is being rose
shows that God was strong even though the church wanted it to be more realistic.
Rubens emphasizes the victorious aspect of the cross because Christ will overcome what he was put through
"The two daughters of King Leucippus were betrothed to a set of twins, cousins of Castor and Pollux. But the latter pair carried the maidens off and had sons by them. Armed warriors are seen in the act of seizing the naked maidens and bearing them away on horseback."
Peter Paul Rubens was born towards the end of the Protestant Reformation movement on June 28, 1577. Rubens father was Calvinist, but when his father died, his mother raised him as Catholic. Rubens studied art when he was young by copying famous painters work; he completed his training in 1598. In 1600, Rubens moved to Italy. When he got word of his mother being ill, Rubens went back to Antwerp. Sadly, his mother died before he arrived. Rubens stayed there and worked as both an artist and a diplomat. In 1609, Rubens married his first wife, Isabella Brant. His travelled all over Europe painting opportunities and for diplomatic issues. In 1630, 4 years after Isabella’s death, Rubens married 16-year-old Helene Fourment. Rubens died on May 30, 1640 in Antwerp, Belgium. He was 63 years old and had fathered eight children, three with Isabella and five with Helene.

Time Period
Rubens offers a positive interprentation of Christ's sacrifice.
Antwerp Cathedral
• Rubens not only was an artist but also a diplomat.
• Upon returning to Antwerp because of his mother’s death, Rubens stayed there. Rubens became the court painter for Albert and Isabella, the governors of the Low Countries. Rubens remained friends with Isabella and was later appointed as a diplomat.
• In the 1620s, Rubens travelled between Spain and England as a diplomat attempting to bring peace after the Twelve Years’ Truce.

• In Europe, painters and other type of artists had gained power in the early 17th century through the use of the arts becoming more popular with the upper class.
• Over half of Rubens’ life was during the Baroque Period in art. During Baroque Period, the Catholic Church praised the religious power of art, such as Rubens triptych painting Raising of the Cross.
Antwerp Cathedral
enhances his heroic image by using strong contrasts of light and dark
to show drama
• The economy of the 17th century was still recovering from Democratic crisis of the 14th century caused by the Black Death.
• The population of Europe continued to grow well into the 1600s as it recovered from the Black Plague.
• The economy started to become even more international with the discovery of the new world.
People & Experiences
• In England, men wore starched collars called ruffs, knee length trouser called breeches, and stockings with boots.
• Women wore petticoats made of whale bone or wood

Influenced by
Marie de' Medici of France
Philip IV of Spain
Upper class lifestyles
Hunting, dancing,
drinking, eating
Renaissance and Italian Baroque
time periods
1588: English navy defeats the Spanish Armada
1600-1750: Baroque Period in art
1607: Jamestown is established
1618: Thirty Years War erupts
By fourteen he began his artistic apprenticeship with Tobias Verhaeght
Moving to Italy to study art.
Pain & Happiness
after the death of his wife, Rubens frequently traveled for several years combining his artistic career
Left Italy to go back to Antwerp to see dying mother, who died before his arrival. Rubens couldn't get himself to return to Italy to conclude his study, but inreturn in staying in Antwerp, he landed a commission.
Cinquain Poem
Noble, Successful
Painting, Educating, Creating
Rubens innovating art styles
After marrying his second wife, he painted a family portrait as a testament to his domestic happiness.
Judgement of Paris
the Garden of Love
to represent his happy relationship.
"Three horse riders are harassing a hippopotamus. The powerful jaws of the animal are the centre of the composition. A dog is attacking the cornered animal. Next to it a fallen hunter. Bottom left there is a dead hunter, who will soon be devoured by a crocodile. The crocodile in its turn is attacked by a hunting dog."
Alte Pinakothek, Munich
Every written line has shadow,
every speach spoke sounds hollow.
Half the truth, the other half lie.
The patrons will come, they will decide;
is the truth finally prettier than the lies.

Only to find this one,
guilty again,
'fore one seeks the jury.
may the saint have sins not to bury.

The truth will flow. like time,
as words don't come, it will; mimed.
Now it comes to be,
the fool surrounded by misery.
by Robin Egg Blu
Full transcript