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Satire and Parody in the Novel/
Transcript of Satire and Parody in the Novel/
Satire and Parody in the Novel/
The Picaresque Novel
The use of humour as a device to expose flaws in people, literary works, institutions or society often for the purpose of inducing change. Conventions of humour in the satirical writing include : parody , irony , exaggeration, sarcasm, contrast , understatement, surprise
What purpose do we satirize?
Satire is the use of ridicule or humour to expose faults in society and can be used to better civilization. In literature, the constructive criticism provided captures the attention of the reader which can provoke the reader to open their minds and have a positive change.
What is a parody?
A parody is a composition imitating another, usually serious, piece.
It is designed to ridicule a work or its style or author to produce a comic effect. The humorous effect in parody is achieved by imitating and over stressing noticeable features of a famous piece. In caricatures, certain oddities of a person are highlighted to achieve a humorous effect. When the subject matter of the original composition is parodied however, it may prove to be a valuable indirect criticism or it may even imply flattering tribute to the original composition.
Example of a parody in literature:
Function of Parody
What is the difference between satire and parody?
What does Richler satirize?
To expose flaws
Jews and Prejudice
Parody is kind of comedy that imitates and mocks individuals or a piece of work.
When combined with satire, it makes satire more pointed and effective.
Parody adds to make a piece of literature that keeps the readers interested.
Although parody can be used to develop satire, it differs from satire to a certain extent.
Parody mimics a subject directly to produce comical effect.
Satire makes fun of a subject without a direct imitation. Additionally, satire aims at correcting shortcomings in society by criticizing them.
Richler examines many prominent human flaws throughout the novel. Many of these flaws are satirized through the characters in the novel.
Mr. Friar - Friar to satirize artistic pretension.
Mr. Cohen - Cohen to satirize corrupt business practice.
Duddy Kravitz - Duddy to satirize greed and immorality.
Materialism is also a main target of Richler’s satire, along with human hypocrisy and wanna-be intellectuals.
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
Duddy takes Yvette and Virgil out to celebrate his ownership of the land with Virgil’s money, this shows a fault in Duddy’s morals.
Duddy finally achieves his goal of gaining land. This is ironic because Duddy has gained everything he desires, but has lost what is really important, the love of Yvette and Simcha.
Speech or action intended to cause laughter at a person or thing; mockery.
Irwin and the people working at the resort in Ste Agathe mock and make fun of Duddy.
After the death of Mr. Macpherson’s wife, he begins to drink excessively. Duddy ridicules Mr. Macpherson: “Why don’t you have another drink, eh?” (Richler 40).
To come upon or discover suddenly and unexpectedly.
When the novel reveals the Boy Wonder as a drug smuggler it proves that the ethics of society can often be faulty. This is related to human hypocrisy because it relates back to Max idolizing the Boy Wonder.
Modern society makes us believe that you need to gain a lot of money and power in order to be successful in life. But in reality we see that it’s just as important to have good relationships with family and friends and money isn’t everything. Especially when too much money can isolate you from those who are important.
Duddy lost the love of Yvette, Virgil and Simcha by isolating himself from them.
Modern Society and It’s Pretenses
What is prejudice
: An unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand without knowledge, thought, or reason.
: Jews to Non-Jews, Jews to French Canadians
Duddy experiences this when discussing plans to buy land with Yvette
Prejudice has been created to avert people from the cause of the problem by blaming a group of people for the said problem instead. Irwin does this when he says, “It’s the cretinous little money grubbers like Kravitz that cause anti-Semitism” (Richler 68).
Real life example:
During WWII, the Germans blamed the Jews for their poor economy even though in reality, it was the effects of the Great Depression and WWI.
It is evident that the prejudice present is a direct result of blaming and judgement.
The fine line separating comedy and terror
Richler’s keen sense of irony and social awareness.
People saying something that they think is funny but is offensive to people.
Ignorance: Ida saying Benjy brought cancer upon himself
Duddy playing pranks on others, not considering their feelings
Discrimination: racial slurs
Family guy is an example of the fine line between comedy and terror. There are many examples of jokes that have been taken too far in this show that some people may find offensive but others might find comedic.
Richlers use of satire throughout the novel shows the reader that he is aware of prejudices is society, and what can be taken as offensive or comedic.
There are poor districts such at St.Urbain and there are wealthy districts like Westmount and Outremont.
St.Urbain street is the middle of the Jewish ghetto dirty decaying.
Westmount and Outremont is where the rich people live in mansions.
A chronicle, usually autobiographical, presenting the life story of a rascal of low degree engaged in menial tasks and making his living more through his wits than his industry.
This type of novel tends to be episodic and structureless. The central figure, through various pranks and predicaments and by his association with people of various degree, affords the author an opportunity for satire of the social class.
How Duddy is a picaresque novel
The characteristics for a picaresque novel is that it tells the life story of a lower class rascal who makes money and a living through his wits more than hard work. This is how Duddy is presented. He is a lower class Jewish boy, and makes his money through his wits and association with other people (such as Yvette, Dingleman, Friar, etc) rather than through hard work and industry.
Example of a parody:
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz is a parody (imitation) of the journey of King David from the Jewish culture.