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The honey bee extinction: cause and effects

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on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of The honey bee extinction: cause and effects

No bees, no honey; no work, no money.
INCO 4025
Monday, March 3, 2014
Natalia S. Butler Jimenez
CCD
Effects
Causes
Not exactly...
Causes
Some of the effects of the extinction of the bees are: “…A staggering list of crops, including melons, apples, nuts, and yes, cacao, the source of chocolate, require animals to move pollen, or produce better fruits, when animals are available for pollination. Did we mention coffee, watermelon and tomato?”
Other factors like poor nutrition, diseases and (I read something about stress) may affect the bee and cause this massive deaths. In some point the all the investigator agree that insecticides paly a big role, because honey bees are able to fight disease but when they are exposed to insecticides this may make them more fragile, and therefore their immunological system is not able fight the disease. On the other hand the stressed cause by the unnatural environment in which the beekeepers store and work with them can have some repercussions. This can be possible, but most beekeepers think “bees as their family”.
There are other pollinators that can do this job (bat, hummingbird, and butterflies) although they (scientist) are not sure if these pollinators would have the potential and be as competitive as honeybees. Native pollinators seem to be a good alternative, because [in the first place] the honeybees are originally from Europe.
One factor is that honeybees had established a social environment and cooperation for work that these native pollinators don’t have. On the other hand. “Honeybees work a short day, but native pollinators work as long as it's light, even in the cool, damp weather that honeybees dislike”. There are pros and cons about pollinator insects and their capabilities, but for me that’s not the higher matter.
Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is the name given to the reported deaths of colonies throughout the United States and Europe. This disorder has affected the honeybee population and agriculture. “Government officials and industry executives cooked up an obscure name, "colony collapse disorder," to cover up the pesticide killers of the honeybees”.
Some scientists blame the insecticides abuse for the death of the honey bees. There are other theories about the colony deaths, but the insecticides play a big role in the damage of the honey bee’s system.
Most scientists agree that CCD is a complicated disorder and that we can’t blame it on just the insecticides.
Colony Collapse Disorder
The honey bee extinction: cause and effects
Conclusion
I think: If honey bees are really in danger because of the insecticides and other chemicals used by farmers and beekeepers, is not there the same danger for other insect’s species. So are they are suggesting that once we ended with the honey bee species, we don’t have to solve the pesticides problem because there are more species that can do the same job, THAT IS JUST WRONG. We are exploiting our natural resources like if there’s no tomorrow.
Are honey bees really in danger of going extinct?
NO?
Skepticism and little evidence; this is why some scientist, farmers, beekeepers and goverment agencies don't belive that the CCD is cause by insecticides, and can be as potencial as causing the extinction of the species.
YES!
The public, some beekeeper and scientist believe that honey bees are in danger of extinction because of the abuse of insecticides.
http://scientificbeekeeping.com/the-extinction-of-the-honey-bee/
"This is the area in which clothianidin (Poncho) is most widely used as a seed treatment, and would presumably be ground zero for the extinction of the honey bee due to heavy use of that insecticide".
Bibliography

van Dooremalen, C., Gerritsen, L., Cornelissen, B., van der Steen, J. M., van Langevelde, F., & Blacquière, T. (2012). Winter Survival of Individual Honey Bees and Honey Bee Colonies Depends on Level of Varroa destructor Infestation. Plos ONE, 7(4), 1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036285

Yalçınkaya, A., Güzerin, E., Özgör, E., & Özkırım, A. (2011). THE EFFECT OF HERBAL TOXICITY OF RHODODENDRON PLANTS ON COLONY LOSSES. Mellifera, 11(21/22), 45-46.

Oliver, R. (2012). The extinction of the honey bee? Scientific Beekeeping. Retrieved from http://scientificbeekeeping.com/the-extinction-of-the-honey-bee/

Vallianatos, E. (2013, 25 nov.) Honeybees on the verge of extinction. Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/evaggelos-vallianatos/honeybees-on-the-verge of_b_4326226.html?view=screen

Tenenbaum, D. (2012) Colony collapse: are the bees getting lost? The Why Files. Retrieved from http://whyfiles.org/2012/honeybees-getting-lost/#return-note-23236-

Tenenbaum, D. (2012) Bee real: Perils of pollinators. The Why Files. Retrieved from http://whyfiles.org/332pollinators/index.php?g=1.txt


http://www.businessinsider.com/the-world-without-honeybees-2013-6
CCD video
Full transcript