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Major Sporting Events in Australia

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Jake Gibbs

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Major Sporting Events in Australia

Boxing Day Test
A-League Grand Final
AFL Grand Final
Australian Open Tennis Championship
Origin
Australian Rules Football has not always used a Grand Final as the major collaboration of a season.
Australian Rules Football was founded in 1858 and up until 1897 all participating teams competed in a round robin competition to obtain a victor.
History
In 1898 the concept of two participating teams playing-off in a Grand Final was undertaken. The first ever Grand Final was played at the Junction Oval between Fitzroy and Essendon.
Fitzroy were declared the premiers of the first Australian Rules Grand Final defeating Essendon 38 to 23.
Since the induction of the Grand Final system in 1898, a Grand Final has been played every year except for 1924 when the VFL (Victorian Football League) was on hiatuses during the battle of World War I.
The MCG
Audience
The largest ever Grand Final crowd was in 1970, when 120,696 people watched Carlton play Collingwood.
The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) has played host to the majority of Grand Finals played.
All but 9 of the 114 competed Grand Finals have been played at the MCG.
The average Grand Final crowd since 1898 is 77,202 people.
In 2013 the television audience for the Grand Final was 2,717, 000 Australia wide.
Image 2.
Image 3.
Origin / History
The first ever test match took place in 1950 between Australia and England
The Boxing day test did not
Become a permanent fixture until
1980 when the MCG and Cricket Australia secured the rights to play annually
There was not Boxing day test matches between 1953-67
Audience
The first ever Boxing Day test had 60,486 people in attendance
91,092 people attend the 2013 Boxing Day test in the Ashes series between Australia and England
2.8 million TV views tuned in to watch on Boxing Day growing to over 3 million during the test
Grassroots
The Australian Cricket Census shows that a record 951,933 participants played cricket at local grounds, schools and indoor centres across Australia in 2012-13
Entry-level participation grew by 47.9% in 2012-13
Impact of Boxing Day Test
An economic study funded by the federal government and cricket Australia showed the following impact of the Boxing Day test on the Victorian economy
A direct Ashes economic impact of $86.4 million
An estimated contribution of $17.9 million to Gross State Product (Test and ODIs)
Approximately 10,500 international visitors and 15,000 interstate visitors to the Boxing Day Test in Melbourne
An average spend per visitor (international/interstate) of $3120
Grassroots
Impact of the AFL Grand Final
Many people spend the AFL Grand Final day at a barbeque or at a party with friends and family. In recent years there have been calls for AFL Grand Final day to be a public holiday.
If the AFL Grand Day was to become a public holiday it is estimated that it will cost the state $800,000,000.
Annual AFL Grand Final Parade
Every year since 1977 the two competing teams in the Grand Final take part in a public parade through the streets of Melbourne the day before the game.

The crowd to the parade annually averages in excess of 75, 000 people.
In 2013 the AFL recorded 938,069 participants of Australian Rules Football nation wide and from juniors through to AFL contracted players.
This was a 11.04% increase on the previous year and since 2003 a 46.02% increase in participation.
There are in excess of 150 junior programs run throughout Australia that all have an AFL backing.
Global Interest
The 2013 Grand Final played between Hawthorn and Fremantle was shown in over 250 countries and territories world wide.
Although the Grand Final will never be as big internationally as it is in Australia that has not stopped the AFL from establishing an International AFL community.
Encompassing more than 100,000 participants across 20 nations, which all calumniated in the 2011 International Cup.
References
AFL Tables 2014, viewed 4 May 2014, <http://afltables.com/afl/teams/allteams/gfgames.html>

Australia Football League 2014, History of Australian Football, viewed 5 May 2014, <http://www.afl.com.au/afl-hq/the-afl-explained/history>

Television Tonight 2014, 2013 Saturday 28 September, viewed 5 May 2014, <http://www.tvtonight.com.au/2013/09/saturday-28-september-2013.html>

Australian Football League 2014, AFL Annual Report, People, Cosutmers and Community, viewed 6 May 2014, <http://www.afl.com.au/staticfile/AFL%20Tenant/AFL/Files/Annual%20Report/2013%20AFL%20Annual%20Report_06_PeopleCustomerCommunity.pdf>

Australian Football League 2014, AFL Annual Report, Broadcasting, viewed 8 May 2014, <http://www.afl.com.au/staticfile/AFL%20Tenant/AFL/Files/Annual%20Report/2013%20AFL%20Annual%20Report_02_Broadcasting.pdf>

Australian Football League, Community, viewed 8 May 2014, <http://aflcommunityclub.com.au/index.php?id=607>


K-Rock Football, viewed 4 May 2014, <http://www.krockfootball.com.au/wp-content/uploads/Hawthorn-AFL-Premiers-2013.jpg> [Image 1.]

Richmond Football Club, viewed 5 May 2014, <http://www.richmondfc.com.au/staticfile/AFL%20Tenant/Richmond/Images/grandfinalpackagesimage.jpg> [Image 2.]

Fox Sports Pulse, viewed 5 May 2014, <http://www-static2.spulsecdn.net/pics/00/01/37/56/1375679_1_O.jpg> [Image 4.]

ABC Network Australia, viewed 8 May 2014, <http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-09-27/afl-grand-final-parade/4984938> [Image 5.]


Origin / History
First held in 1905.
Played over two weeks in January each year at Melbourne Park, Melbourne, although has also been held in Sydney, Adelaide, Brisbane, Perth, Christchurch (NZ) and Hastings (NZ).
One of four Grand Slam Events, the other are:
French Open, Wimbledon & US Open.
Audience
684,487 fans attended the 2013 Australian Open in 2013.
The 2014 men's final achieved more then 3.1 million views nationally.
The 2014 women's final achieved more then 2.63 million viewers nationally.
Grassroots
ANZ Tennis Hot Shots is a program used to introduce kids to tennis.
It's aim is to develop kids skills whilst also developing their confidence.
604,989 kids participated in the program in 2012-13, an increase of 74% from the previous year.
Programs are ran at over 1000 venues around Australia.
Former Australian world #8 Alicia Molik is an ambassador of the program.
Impact of Australian Open
The 2013 Australian Open attracted almost 700,000 people through the gate, many from interstate and overseas.
It delivers an economic boost to Victoria of $239 annually.
The growth of tennis throughout Asia makes up a large chuck of the 30,00 international visitors each year.
Global Interest
As it is one of the four Grand Slam events there is plenty of interest from right across the globe.
The 2013 Australian Open attracted a world wide television audience of 349 million.
47 nations were represented at the 2013 Australian Open.
Tennis Hot Shots: Kids Love It
Origin / History
Some highlights across the Australian Open include:
Current Men's Champion - Stanislas Wawrinka.
Current Women's Champion - Li Na
Most Men's Championships - Roy Emerson (6).
Most Women's Championships - Margaret Court (11).
Youngest Winner - Martina Hingis, 16yrs 4mths.
Oldest Winner - Ken Rosewell, 37 yrs 8mths.
Longest Championship Match - Djokovic vs Nadal, 5 hrs 53 mins, 2012.
Reference
‘2008 Australian Open Tennis, Rod Laver Arena’ (image), 21 Jan 2008, viewed 04 May 2014, < http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-2209141430>

‘2013 Australian Open – Guillaume Rufin’ (image), 16 Jan 2013, viewed 04 May 2014, <http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abierto_de_Australia#mediaviewer/Archivo:2013_Australian_Open_-_Guillaume_Rufin.jpg ANZ Hot Shots Tennis 2014, what is it, viewed <http://hotshots.tennis.com.au/>

Australian Open 2014, viewed 01 May 2014, <http://www.ausopen.com/index.html>

Australian Sports Commission 2014, ‘Tennis Australian Annual Report 2012-2013’, viewed 01 May 2014, <https://secure.ausport.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/553234/Tennis-Australia-2012-2013.pdf>

Bodey, Michael, ‘Modest win for Seven as tennis beats ODI in ratings’ The Australian, 27 Jan 2014, viewed 01 May 2014, <http://www.theaustralian.com.au/media/broadcast/modest-win-for-seven-as-tennis-beats-odi-in-ratings/story-fna045gd-1226811280758>

‘Huntuchova – Australian Open Tennis’ (image), 20 Jan 2008, viewed 04 May 2014, <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hantuchova_-_Australian_Open_Tennis_by_**sasho2.jpg#file>

‘Rodger Federer at the 2009 Australian Open’ (image), 21 Jan 2009, viewed 04 May 2014, < http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Roger_Federer_at_the_2009_Australian_Open.jpg>

Tennis Australia, MLC Tennis Hot Shots: Kids Love It, 08 Nov 2012, viewed 01 May 2014, <

Tennis Australia 2014, ‘Tournament Information 2011, viewed 01 May 2014, <http://www.tennis.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/AO2011-Fact-Sheet.pdf>

‘Tennis Ball’ (image), Open Clipart, viewed 18 May 2014, <http://openclipart.org/image/300px/svg_to_png/181597/tennis-ball.png>

‘Tennis Racquet’ (image) Open Clipart, viewed 18 May 2014, <https://openclipart.org/detail/191750/tennis-racquet-by-casino-191750>

‘The Crowd at Centre Court, Wimbledon’ (image), 25 June 2011, viewed 04 May 2014, <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Crowd_at_Centre_Court,_Wimbledon.jpg>

Upe, Robert, ‘Melbourne’s smash hit’ The Sydney Morning Herald, 12 Jan 2013, viewed 01 May 2014, <http://hotshots.tennis.com.au/>

Wikipedia 2014, Australian Open, viewed 01 May 2014, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Open>
Conclusion
In conclusion, after looking into the Origin / History, Audience, Grassroots, Impact of Event and the Global Interest of the Major Sporting Events within Australia, not only have we found out that Australia holds some of the most important sporing events in the world, but we can now agree that Melbourne is the sporting capital of the world.

With world-renowned stadiums, arenas and grounds like AAMI Park, Etihad Stadium, Flemington Racecourse, Hisense Arena, MCG, Medibank Icehouse, Rod Laver Arena and Royal Melbourne Golf Course, it's no wonder that Melbourne continues to play host to all the major sporting events!!

Stuart Gardner, Nick Green,
Ryan Forsyth, Jake Gibbs
Introduction
As Australia is well known for holding some of the biggest sporting events in the world, the following presentation will be looking at some of those Major Sporting Events within Australia... The four sporting events we will be focusing on are:
AFL Grand Final
A-League Grand Final
Australian Open Tennis Championship
Boxing Day Test
Global Interest
On the social media platform Twitter traffic peaked with 375 tweets per minute during the open session of play
548,000 #Ashes had been posted by the end of play on the first day of the Boxing day test
Impact of A-League Grand Final
The A league Grand Final has rich Impact on both Community programs and also people playing the sport of Soccer, the impact on the community due to the A-league is that the sport is more inclusive and also being more readily available for the community to play such as now being able and tough in schools.
It has also impacted on the amount of people playing the sport with registrations for soccer clubs up to 2.6% of the population playing soccer around the number of 419,600 players Australia wide. Therefore some impacts for the A- League.
History
Reference
Cricket Australia viewed 11th May 2014, http://www.cricket.com.au/useful-links/australian-cricket-census

Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) viewed 12th May 2014,http://www.mcg.org.au/News/News/News%20Archives/2007/June/Boxing%20Day%20Test%20economy.aspx

Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) viewed 25th April 2014, www.mcg.org.au/History/Cricket/Boxing%20Day%20Test.aspx

Thats Cricket viewed 27th April 2014, http://www.thatscricket.com/news/2011/12/22/why-is-it-called-boxing-day-test-australia.html

The Australian newspaper viewed 27th April 2014, http://www.theaustralian.com.au/media/boxing-day-test-hits-ratings-high/story-e6frg996-1226790570966

The Sydney Morning Herald viewed 12th May 2014, http://www.smh.com.au/national/test-cricket-attendances-break-records-20131229-301tf.html
Origin / History
A national round-robin tournament existed in various forms prior to the formation of the A-League, with the most notable being the NSL. Australia's qualification for the1974 World Cup led to discussion of a national league, with 14 teams being chosen to participate in the inaugural season of the NSL in 1977.
Overseen by then governing body for the sport Soccer Australia, the NSL flourished through the 1980s and early 1990s, though with the departure of Australian players to overseas leagues increasing, a disastrous television deal with the Seven Network, and with the consequent lack of sponsorship, the league plummeted into decline.
The FFA requested a report into the decline of the league and it was called the Crawford report and after the report in 2003 it found it was financially unaviable, the new governing body's chairman Frank Lowy announced that a task force would be formed to create a new national competition as a successor to the NSL which would dissolve after the conclusion of the 2003–04 season in 2004 after 27 years of operation
Audience
Audiences in the A league range fro TV viewers from a verity of channels they are aired on including Fox sports and also SBS, and also audiences in the crowd and team memberships.
The TV ratings have an average 82,886 per game at an all time high from the league, an average attendance of 12,925, and club memberships peaking at 70,000+ at an all time high for the league, this season in 2013/14 they have peaked most of there audiences making this the best year for the A-League so far.
Global Interest
The A- league has a slow growing global interest this is due to it still being a emerging league worldwide, however still has a global interest as with 65 countries around the world exposed to A-League action as well as a global streaming deal that means all 127 regular season matches can be watched on line.
The increase in the number of countries and people exposed to the Hyundai A-League highlights the unique global reach football can deliver. Full match broadcasts are available in the USA, China, Italy, England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Canada, the Caribbean, Hong Kong, Singapore and Myanmar.
Reference
http://www.footballaustralia.com.au/news-display/hyundai-a-league-broadcast-to-global-audience-in-2013/14/76856- to get global audience.
http://www.footballaustralia.com.au/news-display/more-australians-than-ever-watching-hyundai-a-league/57337- for audience.

http://www.foxsports.com.au/football/a-league/goals-for-grassroots-hyundais-football-support-program/story-e6frf4gl-1225776030353- for grassroots program!

http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4156.0.55.001Feature+Article1May%202009- for soccer playing population.
Grassroots
The A-league has a major grassroots program called “Goals for Grassroots” Over recent years Hyundai have been supporting clubs, helping them to develop and grow as the great game continues its boom in Australia.
To ensure the next generation of Australia's footballers has the best possible opportunity to turn potential into greatness, Australian clubs in the A-League. Hyundai will provide a financial donation to a grassroots club based on the number of goals scored by the 'home' HAL club in that corresponding match. Therefore being the major Grassroots program of the A-League.
Origin / History
The A-League is the men's top-level soccer league in Australia, run by Football Federation Australia, The A-League was established in 2004 as a successor to the National Soccer League and commenced in August 2005.
Ten teams currently contest the league; nine based in Australia and one based in New Zealand. With the Main attraction being the Grand Final.
References
Full transcript