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different kinds of justice
Transcript of different kinds of justice
The extent to which society's institutions ensure that benefits and burdens are distributed among society's members in ways that are fair and just.
5 different forms of distributive norms:
= corrective justice
Refers to the extent to which punishments are fair and just.
In ethics: "let the punishment fit the crime" = the severity of penalty for a wrongdoing should be reasonable and proportionate to the severity of infraction
- amount of punishment proportionate to the the amount of harm caused by the offence
- amount of punishment proportionate to the amount of unfair advantage gained by the wrongdoer.
- judges impose penalty for a crime within a range set by the tariff and do not have enough discretion to allow for mitigating factors and leading to unjust decisions under certain circumstances
- refers to the extent to which people are fairly compensated for their injuries by those who have injured them.
- just compensation is proportional to the loss inflicted on a person
Justice = central part of ethics .
- in evaluating any moral decision, ask whether our actions treat all persons equally
- unequal treatment is the foundation for social unrest, disturbances...
BUT: justice not the only principle to consider
- sometimes justice may need to be overridden in favour of other moral claims ( rights or society's welfare)
NEVERTHELESS: justice is an expression of our mutual recognition of each other's dignity. We must treat each other as equals