Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

CWV-101: Christian Worldview

Grand Canyon University: Brett A. Berger
by

Brett Berger

on 12 November 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of CWV-101: Christian Worldview

CWV-101: Christian Worldview
Christian Worldview
Grand Canyon University
Brett Berger

Topic 1
Topic 2
Topic 3
Topic 4
Topic 5
Topic 6
Topic 7

Worldviews are at the root of the things we say, the things we do, and even how we feel.
Worldviews drive humanity's best, worst, and everything in between.
Our societies most pressing debates are at their roots worldview debates.
Financial Crisis
Abortion
Left-wing vs. Right-wing
poverty
Racism
Class Warfare
Immigration Reform
Gay marriage
War
Terrorism
Sex scandals
Violence
Cyber-bullying
Education Reform
CEO Bonuses
And, personally, our own lives and relationships
are influenced - even determined - by our worldviews
My claim: This will be the most important and dangerous class of your program.
What separates
these two ?
What separates
these two ?
What separates
these two ?
My Teaching Philosophy
Transformation
To understand the foundational goals, expectations, and structure of the course.
To be able to define a worldview and the basic categories of beliefs that shape it.
Today's Objectives:
Student ownership
Tension
Respect
Introductions
Instructional Assistants
Individual Forum:
Name:
Birthdate:
Hometown:
Major & Career aspirations:
Hobbies/Interests/extracurriculars:
One question you hope will be addressed in this course:
Syllabus
Assignment/Quiz
Participation
Expectations
Using LoudCloud
Humor
Both claim to be Christians.
Both are extremists.
Both are products of the same culture.
"Selfie"
Course Intro
This class will ask you to...
talk about things you may not be comfortable talking about.
examine yourself and your assumptions.
seek to understand those who are not like you.
Using Technology
WORLDVIEW
What is a worldview?
our answers to
seven big questions
THEOLOGY
METAPHYSICS
EPISTEMOLOGY
ETHICS
HUMAN NATURE
Is there a God? What is God like?
what is the nature of the universe?
What is the nature of reality?
how do we know things?
what does it mean to be human?
how do we know right from wrong?
So, we may think of a worldview as a collection of our foundational beliefs, perceptions, and assumptions through which we interpret the nature, structure, and meaning of the world.
We may use the analogy of a lens.
One text defines worldview as "a set of assumptions about reality that affect how we think and how we live" (Cosgrove, 2006, p. 19).
In his book the
Universe Next Door
, James Sire defines a worldview in this way:

"A worldview is a set of presuppositions (assumptions which may be true, partially true, or entirely false) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic make-up of our world" (1988, p. 17).
A couple of considerations:
we all have one whether we know it or not.
we may share it broadly with others.
there may be some conflict between our confessional worldview and our actual worldview.
Our worldviews can either help us 'view' the world clearly,
or it can result in some distortion!
No
Atheism
Yes
Theism
Deism
Pantheism
What is God like?
Agnosticism
PURPOSE
Is there a purpose to it all?
CORE
COMMITMENTS
what kind of life follows from my beliefs?
how do we know what our worldview is?
I don't know
Value
Highly evolved animal
Image of God
Make-up
Dualism
Monism
Morality
Neutral
Good
Bad
Material
Immaterial
Dualism
Eternal/Created
Absolute
Relative
The Powerful
Individual
Society/Consensus
We cannot
Mysticism
skepticism
We can
Authoritarianism/Traditionalism
Rationalism
Empiricism
How?
Polytheism
What is Good?
What society has determined
What feels good
What God commands
Group Discussion:
Is worldview and religion the same thing?
Understanding Worldviews
What is a worldview?
Objectives:
Define the concept of worldview.
Evaluate the basic worldview families.
Reflect on ones personal worldview commitments and convictions.
Introduce some "Bible Basics."
Worldview Families
The theological question
Would you rather...?
https://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/ovyVYBZqjFv162M?preview=true
The metaphysical question
Atheism
Pantheism
Theism
Deism
Monism
Naturalism
Pantheism
Dualism
Agree or Disagree?
https://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/WtGjvuXy7DDNJa5
Worldviews
Beliefs
Will
Learning
Belief and Choice:
https://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/MTM1NjAxNDUxOQ
Truth
A correspondence view of truth.
A is true only if A is.
The statement "God exists" is true only if God does exist.
Reality
worldview
We have to keep
what we believe to be true
and
what is true
distinct. Truth is reality. That is, there is a way the world is regardless of whether we know it or not or whether we believe it or not.
≠ Sincerity
Is it possible to be sincerely wrong?
≠ Belief
≠ Pragmatism
This doesn't fit the category for evaluating truth claims.
= Reality
All truth claims are exclusive.
All worldviews have "universal intent"
Worldviews make contradictory and mutually exclusive claims.
Considerations:
Coherence
Correspondence
Practical
How do we know?
Existential/Ethical
Evidence/ Experience
Reason/Logic
Comprehensive
Transcendent realities
Suffering and Evil
Human Nature
Explanatory Power
Assumptions moving forward:
The examined life is worth living
Worldviews will be evaluated based explanatory power.
Reason is the faculty we possess to for evaluation
Sole Authority Model
Equal Authorities Model
Separate Authorities
Model
Foundational Authority Model
The Relationship between Faith and Learning
"I believe so that I may understand"
- Anselm of Canterbury (Proslogion 1)
Credo ut intelligam
How many different beliefs are there?
What is relationship between our beliefs and our wills?
What is it?
Bible Basics
Significance
Structure & Chronology
Translations
Transmission
Canonization
Doctrine of the Christian Church
Influence on literature and Culture
Cultural Shape
We believe the Bible, in the Old and New Testament Scriptures to be inspired, the only infallible, true and authoritative Word of God.
GCU Doctrinal Statement
Old and New Testaments
OT
NT
Original Text
MSS Evidence
Textual Criticism
Word for Word
Thought for Thought
Paraphrase
Bible originates with the Greek word for scroll, biblos.
For our purposes, Bible is the name of the book or collection of books that are sacred to the Christian faith.
Catholic & Eastern Orthodox - Includes the Apocrypha
Hebrew Bible - OT only
LDS - Includes Book of Mormon, etc.
Viewed as sacred by both Christians and Jews
Written primarily in Hebrew
39 individual books
Pentateuch

Historical

Poetic

Major Prophets

Minor Prophets
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Joshua
Judges
Ruth
1 & 2 Samuel
1 & 2 Kings
1 & 2 Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah
Esther
Job
Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of Solomon
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
The Pentateuch
Torah
The Law
The Books of Moses
The Historical Books
The Poetical Books
The Wisdom Books
The Major Prophets
The Minor Prophets
Written primarily in Greek
MSS going back to the second century
More MSS evidence than any other ancient texts
27 individual books
Narratives

Pauline Epistles

General Epistles

Apocalypse
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John

Acts of the Apostles
Romans
1&2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1&2 Thessalonians
1&2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1&2 Peter
1,2,& 3 John
Jude
Revelation
The Gospels
The Book of Acts
The Pauline Epistles
The General Epistles
The Apocalypse
The Old Testament is a collection of 39 books
The New Testament is a collection of 27 books
Finding the address:
Book:
Chapter:
Verse:
Chapters of the Old and New Testaments do not necessarily break the thoughts or actions in the best place.
Each chapter has verses. A verse may or may not be a single sentence.
John 3:16
Examples:
New American Standard
King James Version
English Standard Version
Examples:
New International Version
Today's New International Version
Examples:
The Living Bible
The Message
Masoretic Texts
The Dead Sea Scrolls
They're also less likely to identify with a specific religion. As item No. 3 notes, biblical terms such as "forbidden fruit," ''the writing on the wall" and "good Samaritan" are unknown to most of them.

"When I teach Shakespeare or Milton there are a lot of biblical allusions," said McBride, an English professor, "and I have to explain them all."
Ramde, D. (2012) Listen to radios? Watch TVs? Not for Class of '16. Associated Press. Retrieved on August 39, 2012 from:

http://news.yahoo.com/listen-radios-watch-tvs-not-class-16-041141626.html
Good Samaritan Laws
Creation
Redemption
New Creation
Fall
The Story of the Bible
In the beginning,
God created
the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. (Gen 1:1-2 ESV)
Then God said, “
Let us make man in our image
, after our likeness. And
let them have dominion
over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

So God created man in his own image
, in the image of God he created him;
male and female he created them
. And God blessed them.

And God said to them, “
Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it
, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” (Gen 1:26-28 ESV)
And God saw everything that he had made, and behold,
it was very good
. (Gen 1:31 ESV)
The LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life.
I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.


To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

And to Adam he said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field.
By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.
” (Gen 3:14-19 ESV)
But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.
For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
(Rom 5:15-17 ESV)
For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us.
For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God
. For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that
the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption
and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that t
he whole creation has been groaning
together in the pains of childbirth until now. And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. For in this hope we were saved. (Rom 8:18-24 ESV)
Then I saw
a new heaven and a new earth
, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. And I saw the
holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down
out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “
Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God
. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and
death shall be no more
, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”

And he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” (Rev 21:1-5 ESV)
Why should I concern myself with knowing this book?
Covenant
Prophecy
Gospel
"Now the LORD said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. And
I will make of you a great nation
, and I will
bless you
and make your name great,
so that you will be a blessing
. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and
in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed
.”" (Gen 12:1-3 ESV).
Noahic
Mosaic
Abrahamic
Davidic
"“Behold,
I establish my covenant with you

and your offspring after you
, and with every living creature that is with you, the birds, the livestock, and every beast of the earth with you, as many as came out of the ark; it is for every beast of the earth.
I establish my covenant with you, that never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood, and never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth.
”" (Gen 9:9-11 ESV).
"There Israel encamped before the mountain, while Moses went up to God. The LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel: You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself.
Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples
, for all the earth is mine;
and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation
. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”" (Exod 19:2-6 ESV).
"When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I
will raise up your offspring after you
, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name,
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son.
When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’”" (2 Sam 7:12-16 ESV).
"Behold my servant, whom I uphold,
my chosen, in whom my soul delights;
I have put my Spirit upon him;
he will bring forth justice to the nations."
(Isa 42:1-2 ESV).
"It shall come to pass in the latter days
that the mountain of the house of the LORD
shall be established as the highest of the mountains,
and shall be lifted up above the hills;
and all the nations shall flow to it,
and many peoples shall come, and say:
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
to the house of the God of Jacob,
that he may teach us his ways
and that we may walk in his paths.”
For out of Zion shall go the law,
and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
He shall judge between the nations,
and shall decide disputes for many peoples;
and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore." (Isa 2:2-4 ESV).
The Curse
The Universe
Human Beings
Goodness
"Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made.
He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’” But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.
Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths." (Gen 3:1-7 ESV).
The Sin
"Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the
kingdom of God is at hand
; repent and believe in the gospel.”" (Mark 1:14-15 ESV).
"And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is
the new covenant in my blood
." (Luke 22:15-20 ESV).
"“Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the LORD. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”" (Jer 31:31-34 ESV).
"Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him,
“Are you the King of the Jews?” Jesus said, “You have said so.”
But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he gave no answer. And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head. Then they sat down and kept watch over him there. And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.” Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left." (Matt 27:11-12, 28-30, 36-38 ESV).
The Story
The Age to Come
Messianic Hope
The New Covenant
Jesus fulfills the hope of the age to come, the hope of the Messiah, the hope of the new covenant, and the overturning of the curse.
The Age to Come
The Messiah
The New Covenant
Eternal Life
Questions?
What basics must we know when we talk about the Bible?
Concern for the weak
Equality of human life
What is the story of the Bible?
Origins & God
Creation
Redemption
New Creation
Fall
The Story of the Bible
In the beginning,
God created
the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. (Gen 1:1-2 ESV)
Then God said, “
Let us make man in our image
, after our likeness. And
let them have dominion
over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

So God created man in his own image
, in the image of God he created him;
male and female he created them
. And God blessed them.

And God said to them, “
Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it
, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” (Gen 1:26-28 ESV)
And God saw everything that he had made, and behold,
it was very good
. (Gen 1:31 ESV)
The LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life.
I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.


To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

And to Adam he said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field.
By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.
” (Gen 3:14-19 ESV)
But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.
For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
(Rom 5:15-17 ESV)
For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us.
For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God
. For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that
the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption
and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that t
he whole creation has been groaning
together in the pains of childbirth until now. And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. For in this hope we were saved. (Rom 8:18-24 ESV)
Then I saw
a new heaven and a new earth
, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. And I saw the
holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down
out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “
Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God
. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and
death shall be no more
, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”

And he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” (Rev 21:1-5 ESV)
Covenant
Prophecy
Gospel
"Now the LORD said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. And
I will make of you a great nation
, and I will
bless you
and make your name great,
so that you will be a blessing
. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and
in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed
.”" (Gen 12:1-3 ESV).
Noahic
Mosaic
Abrahamic
Davidic
"“Behold,
I establish my covenant with you

and your offspring after you
, and with every living creature that is with you, the birds, the livestock, and every beast of the earth with you, as many as came out of the ark; it is for every beast of the earth.
I establish my covenant with you, that never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood, and never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth.
”" (Gen 9:9-11 ESV).
"There Israel encamped before the mountain, while Moses went up to God. The LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel: You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself.
Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples
, for all the earth is mine;
and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation
. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”" (Exod 19:2-6 ESV).
"When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I
will raise up your offspring after you
, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name,
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son.
When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’”" (2 Sam 7:12-16 ESV).
"Behold my servant, whom I uphold,
my chosen, in whom my soul delights;
I have put my Spirit upon him;
he will bring forth justice to the nations."
(Isa 42:1-2 ESV).
"It shall come to pass in the latter days
that the mountain of the house of the LORD
shall be established as the highest of the mountains,
and shall be lifted up above the hills;
and all the nations shall flow to it,
and many peoples shall come, and say:
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
to the house of the God of Jacob,
that he may teach us his ways
and that we may walk in his paths.”
For out of Zion shall go the law,
and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
He shall judge between the nations,
and shall decide disputes for many peoples;
and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore." (Isa 2:2-4 ESV).
The Curse
The Universe
Human Beings
Goodness
"Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made.
He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’” But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.
Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths." (Gen 3:1-7 ESV).
The Sin
"Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the
kingdom of God is at hand
; repent and believe in the gospel.”" (Mark 1:14-15 ESV).
"And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is
the new covenant in my blood
." (Luke 22:15-20 ESV).
"“Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the LORD. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”" (Jer 31:31-34 ESV).
"Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him,
“Are you the King of the Jews?” Jesus said, “You have said so.”
But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he gave no answer. And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head. Then they sat down and kept watch over him there. And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.” Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left." (Matt 27:11-12, 28-30, 36-38 ESV).
The Story
The Age to Come
Messianic Hope
The New Covenant
Jesus fulfills the hope of the age to come, the hope of the Messiah, the hope of the new covenant, and the overturning of the curse.
The Age to Come
The Messiah
The New Covenant
Eternal Life
What is the story of the Bible?
Sole Authority Model
Equal Authorities Model
Separate Authorities
Model
Foundational Authority Model
The Relationship between Faith and Learning
"I believe so that I may understand"
- Anselm of Canterbury (Proslogion 1)
Credo ut intelligam
Worldviews through story
Naturalism
Theism
Pantheism
Group Activity: Read Genesis 1
Answer Worldview Questions
Ultimate Reality
Nature of universe
Human nature
Knowledge
Ethics
Purpose
Form
Fill
Genesis 1: Six Creation Days
Day 1: Light & Dark
Day 2: Sky & Sea
Day 3: Land
Day 4: Heavenly Bodies
Day 5: Birds & Sea Creatures
Day 6: Land animals and humans
Views of Creation
Young Earth Creation
Old Earth Creation
Theistic Evolution
(as advocated by Christians)
Definition
: Understands the origin of the universe to be an act of special creation that occurred less than 10,000 yrs ago.
Notable Advocates
: Ken Ham,
Answers in Genesis
Advantages
: Plain reading of the biblical text
Challenges
: Goes against the scientific consensus
Definition
: Understands the origin of the universe to be an act of special creation that occurred over billions of years. Genesis days are interpreted as
ages
.
Notable Advocates
: Hugh Ross,
Reasons to Believe
Advantages
: Reconciles the biblical text with scientific consensus on age of the universe and planet.
Challenges
: Departs some from both the biblical text and the scientific consensus
Definition
: Understands the origin of the universe to be an act of creation but that that the big bang and evolution are the processes by which God created.
Notable Advocates
: Francis Collins,
BioLogos
Advantages
: Comfortable with the scientific consensus
Challenges
: Theological problems in understanding of God, death, and the problem of suffering.
God
Nature
Humanity
Knowledge
Knowing God
Can one know God?
revelation
Special Revelation
General Revelation
Psalm 19 1-6
Romans 1:19-23
John 1:1-4, 14
Colossians 1:15-20
Hebrews 1:1-3
Jesus
Word/Vision
Isaiah 1:1
2Tim 3:15-17
Scripture
Quick Check Poll!

"
The heavens declare the glory of God,
and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.
Day to day pours out speech,
and night to night reveals knowledge.
There is no speech, nor are there words,
whose voice is not heard.
Their voice goes out through all the earth,
and their words to the end of the world.
In them he has set a tent for the sun,
which comes out like a bridegroom leaving his chamber,
and, like a strong man, runs its course with joy.
Its rising is from the end of the heavens,
and its circuit to the end of them,
and there is nothing hidden from its heat."
(Psa 19:1–6 ESV).
"For
what can be known about God is plain to them
, because God has shown it to them.
For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made.
So they are without excuse. For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things."
(Rom 1:19–23 ESV).
"The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah."
(Isa 1:1 ESV)
"All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work."
(2 Tim 3:16–17 ESV).
"Long ago,
at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son,
whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,"
(Hebrews 1:1–3 ESV).
Discussion:
With your neighbors and from your experience, come up with 5-8 examples of arguments based on these two kinds of revelation.
challenges
Perceptions
Heart/Will
Invisibility
Santa Claus
You better watch out
You better not cry
Better not pout
I'm telling you why
Santa Claus is coming to town

He's making a list
And checking it twice;
Gonna find out Who's naughty and nice
Santa Claus is coming to town

He sees you when you're sleeping
He knows when you're awake
He knows if you've been bad or good
So be good for goodness sake!

O! You better watch out!
You better not cry
Better not pout
I'm telling you why
Santa Claus is coming to town
Old Man Upstairs
Kindly man
May be senile
Not really a threat
Hippy
All about peace and love
No judgment
All Natural
The Force
An energy
The Judge
Angry and Irritable
Ready to pound the gavel
Out to get you
Outlaws everything that is fun
Discussion:
What are your perceptions of God?
Your Father
What was he like?
What kind of relationship did you have?
Was he around?
"He is
the image of the invisible God
, the firstborn of all creation.
For by him all things were created
, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—
all things were created through him and for him
. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning,
the firstborn from the dead
, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and

through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross
.

And
you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death
, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him..."
(Col 1:15–23 ESV)
The Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. And we all, with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord,
are being transformed into the same image
from one degree of glory to another. For this comes from the Lord who is the Spirit.
(2 Cor 3:17–18 ESV)
Jesus = The Image of God
Jesus = The Savior
Jesus = The Life
"He is
the image of the invisible God
, the firstborn of all creation.
For by him all things were created
, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—
all things were created through him and for him
. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning,
the firstborn from the dead
, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and

through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross
.

And
you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death
, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him..."
(Col 1:15–23 ESV)
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made...

...And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:1–3, 14 ESV)
Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things,
through whom also he created the world
. He is
the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature
, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, (Heb 1:1–3 ESV)
And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent.
(John 14:6; 17:3 ESV)
But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead,
the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.
For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead.
For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ.
Then comes the end, when he delivers the kingdom to God the Father after destroying every rule and every authority and power. For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.
The last enemy to be destroyed is death.
(1 Cor 15:20–26 ESV)
Jesus = God with us
"Therefore, if anyone is in Christ,
he is a new creation
. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come. All this is from God,
who through Christ reconciled us to himself
and gave us the ministry of reconciliation..."
(2 Cor 5:17–18 ESV).
"And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth."
(John 1:14 ESV).
"All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: 'Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel' (which means, God with us)."
(Matt 1:22–23 ESV).
Teaching
He is
the image of the invisible God
, the firstborn of all creation. For
by him all things were created
, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—
all things were created through him and for him
. And he is before all things, and
in him all things hold together
.

And he is the
head of the body, the church
. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and
through him to reconcile to himself all things
, whether on earth or in heaven,
making peace by the blood of his cross
.
Colossians 1:15-20
Person
Work
Who is Jesus?
What has he done?
How do we view Jesus?
Fully God
Fully Man
Hypostatic Union
Two natures One person
Creation
Covenant
Salvation
Atonement
The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is he of whom I said, ‘After me comes a man who ranks before me, because he was before me.’ I myself did not know him, but for this purpose I came baptizing with water, that he might be revealed to Israel.”
(John 1:29–31 ESV)
"For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes."
(1 Cor 11:23–26 ESV).
"And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross. He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him."
(Colossians 2:13–15 ESV).
Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? (John 14:9, ESV)
And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and man. (Luke 2:52, ESV)
“What I believe about God is the most important thing about me.”
~A.W. Tozer
"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men.

And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth."
(John 1:1–4, 14 ESV).
"He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together."
(Colossians 1:15–17 ESV).
Objectives:
Describe the biblical story of origins including the basic characteristics of the Creator and His creation according to the Christian worldview.
Understand the significance of the Triune God revealing Himself through creation (generally) and through personal engagement (specially).
Reflect on the implications of origins for worldview studies.
Objectives:
Describe the Christian view of human nature and purpose.
Analyze basic understandings of human purpose and flourishing from the perspective of various worldview families.
Identify the consequences of the fall of humanity into sin.
Human Nature & Purpose
Do you agree with this student?
I believe that there is purpose in life I just don’t know for sure exactly what that purpose is.
Beneath the clothes, we find a man.
And beneath the man, we find his... nucleus.
~ Nacho from Nacho Libre
http://www.focusonthefamily.com/popups/media_player.aspx?MediaId={C5F1FF85-CB4C-45C9-A6E2-A587CE875AC3}
What is a human being?
Stories
Do you agree with this student?
I believe we are all born good. Sin is not something we are born with, it is something we do. When we are born we do not know any better and we are taught right from wrong. We are taught to tell the truth, stealing is bad, the Ten Commandments, etc.
I believe we are all born blank slates. As children, we are taught how to behave but get side tracked by our peers and different influences.
Do you agree with this student?
What is human nature?
Value
Highly evolved animal
Image of God
Make-up
Dualism
Monism
Morality
Neutral
Good
Bad
Creation
Redemption
New Creation
Fall
The Story of the Bible
the story
Creation
Image of God
Discussion:
Genesis 1 -2
What does this story say about human nature?
Fall
Sin
Alienation
Death
Discussion:
Genesis 3 -
What does this story say about human nature?
New Creation
Eschatology
Life
Peace
Discussion:
What does this say about the destiny of human nature?
Purpose
Presence
Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” (Rev 21:1–4 ESV)
It shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be lifted up above the hills; and all the nations shall flow to it, and many peoples shall come, and say: “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.” For out of Zion shall go the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. He shall judge between the nations, and shall decide disputes for many peoples; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore. (Isa 2:2–4 ESV)
“Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act, but for the sake of my holy name, which you have profaned among the nations to which you came. And I will vindicate the holiness of my great name, which has been profaned among the nations, and which you have profaned among them. And the nations will know that I am the LORD, declares the Lord GOD, when through you I vindicate my holiness before their eyes. I will take you from the nations and gather you from all the countries and bring you into your own land. I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you. And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules. You shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers, and you shall be my people, and I will be your God."
(Ezek 36:22–29 ESV)
“Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight, behold, he is coming, says the LORD of hosts. But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears? For he is like a refiner’s fire and like fullers’ soap. He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver, and he will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, and they will bring offerings in righteousness to the LORD. Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to the LORD as in the days of old and as in former years. “Then I will draw near to you for judgment. I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, against the adulterers, against those who swear falsely, against those who oppress the hired worker in his wages, the widow and the fatherless, against those who thrust aside the sojourner, and do not fear me, says the LORD of hosts."
(Mal 3:1–5 ESV)
"Certain new theologians dispute original sin, which is the only part of Christian theology which can really be proved...in their almost too fastidious spirituality, admit divine sinlessness, which they cannot see even their dreams. But they essentially deny human sin, which they can see in the street."
G.K. Chesterton
Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.

And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. (Gen 1:26–31 ESV)
A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush. And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

Then the LORD God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.” Now out of the ground the LORD God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him.

So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. And the rib that the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.”

Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed. (Gen 2:10–25 ESV)
And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience— among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind.
(Eph 2:1–4 ESV)
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.

For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened.

Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things. Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen.
(Rom 1:18–25 ESV)
Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’”

But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths. (Gen 3:1–7 ESV)
"He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.

And you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him..."
(Col 1:15–23 ESV)
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. And we all, with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord,are being transformed into the same image from one degree of glory to another. For this comes from the Lord who is the Spirit. (2 Cor 3:17–18 ESV)
"From now on, therefore, we regard no one according to the flesh. Even though we once regarded Christ according to the flesh, we regard him thus no longer.
Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation.
The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.
All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation
; that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, God making his appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God"
(2Corinthians 5:16–20 ESV).
rival stories
Atheistic Existentialism
Pantheism
Secular Humanism
Now, apart from the body and mind, there can be no "I," and yet, if we search for the self among our mental and physical aggregates, there is no "I" to be found, So the point is this: there is an "I" but it is something that is merely labeled in dependence upon the body and mind. Now the body itself is something which is material, and it is an entity composed of many parts, and it too, if searched for among those parts cannot be found.
(Dalai Lama, from Answers: A Discussion with Western Buddhists, p. 33)
Sartre tells us:
"Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself."
Motto of American Humanist Association:
"Good without a God"
Humanism is a progressive philosophy of life that, without theism and other supernatural beliefs, affirms our ability and responsibility to lead ethical lives of personal fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity.

"What is humanism?" n.p. [cited 12 Oct 2012]. online: http://www.americanhumanist.org/Humanism.
"Existence precedes essence."
Purpose
Purpose
No real purpose
Human Nature in Story Form
Who are we?
Where do we come from?
Where are we going?
Group Activity: Human Nature Worksheet
Identity & Purpose
Identity
Dominion
The Knowledge of God
"And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. But the LORD God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.” Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”"
(Gen 3:8–13 ESV).
"The LORD God said to the serpent,
“Because you have done this,
cursed are you above all livestock
and above all beasts of the field;
on your belly you shall go,
and dust you shall eat
all the days of your life.
I will put enmity between you and the woman,
and between your offspring and her offspring;
he shall bruise your head,
and you shall bruise his heel.”


To the woman he said,
“I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing;
in pain you shall bring forth children.
Your desire shall be for your husband,
and he shall rule over you.”


And to Adam he said,
“Because you have listened to the voice of your wife
and have eaten of the tree
of which I commanded you,
‘You shall not eat of it,’
cursed is the ground because of you;
in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life;
thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you;
and you shall eat the plants of the field.
By the sweat of your face
you shall eat bread,
till you return to the ground,
for out of it you were taken;
for you are dust,
and to dust you shall return.”"
(Gen 3:14–19 ESV).
"Be like God"
Unbelief
Identity & Purpose
Curse
"Toil" in childbirth
"Toil" in work
The Knowledge of God
"The man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living. And the LORD God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.

Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever—” therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken. He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life."
(Gen 3:20–24 ESV).
Spiritual Darkening
Physical Mortality
"Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—" (Rom 5:12 ESV).
Need
Sin
Alienation
Death
"Be like God"
Unbelief
Identity & Purpose
Curse
Spiritual Life
Resurrection
Rehumanization
The Image of God
Faith
New Creation
Reconciliation
The Patriarchs
The Exodus
The Wilderness
Wandering
The Conquest
The Judges
The United Monarchy
The Divided Monarchy
The Exile
Judges 21:25: “in those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes”
Bird's Eye View of the OT
Jesus Christ
Rescue, Redemption & Renewal
Worldview Implications
Living with Purpose
Objectives:
Describe the person, life, and ministry of Jesus Christ.
Examine the significance of the claims Jesus made about His nature and the purpose of His ministry.
Analyze the teaching of Jesus and its significance for the Christian worldview.
What did you hear?
Creation
Redemption
New Creation
Fall
The Story of the Bible
In the beginning,
God created
the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. (Gen 1:1-2 ESV)
Then God said, “
Let us make man in our image
, after our likeness. And
let them have dominion
over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

So God created man in his own image
, in the image of God he created him;
male and female he created them
. And God blessed them.

And God said to them, “
Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it
, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” (Gen 1:26-28 ESV)
And God saw everything that he had made, and behold,
it was very good
. (Gen 1:31 ESV)
The LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life.
I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.


To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

And to Adam he said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field.
By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.
” (Gen 3:14-19 ESV)
But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.
For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
(Rom 5:15-17 ESV)
For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us.
For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God
. For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that
the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption
and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that t
he whole creation has been groaning
together in the pains of childbirth until now. And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. For in this hope we were saved. (Rom 8:18-24 ESV)
Then I saw
a new heaven and a new earth
, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. And I saw the
holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down
out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “
Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God
. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and
death shall be no more
, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”

And he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” (Rev 21:1-5 ESV)
Covenant
Prophecy
Gospel
"Now the LORD said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. And
I will make of you a great nation
, and I will
bless you
and make your name great,
so that you will be a blessing
. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and
in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed
.”" (Gen 12:1-3 ESV).
Noahic
Mosaic
Abrahamic
Davidic
"“Behold,
I establish my covenant with you

and your offspring after you
, and with every living creature that is with you, the birds, the livestock, and every beast of the earth with you, as many as came out of the ark; it is for every beast of the earth.
I establish my covenant with you, that never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood, and never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth.
”" (Gen 9:9-11 ESV).
"There Israel encamped before the mountain, while Moses went up to God. The LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel: You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself.
Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples
, for all the earth is mine;
and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation
. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”" (Exod 19:2-6 ESV).
"When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I
will raise up your offspring after you
, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name,
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son.
When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’”" (2 Sam 7:12-16 ESV).
"Behold my servant, whom I uphold,
my chosen, in whom my soul delights;
I have put my Spirit upon him;
he will bring forth justice to the nations."
(Isa 42:1-2 ESV).
"It shall come to pass in the latter days
that the mountain of the house of the LORD
shall be established as the highest of the mountains,
and shall be lifted up above the hills;
and all the nations shall flow to it,
and many peoples shall come, and say:
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
to the house of the God of Jacob,
that he may teach us his ways
and that we may walk in his paths.”
For out of Zion shall go the law,
and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
He shall judge between the nations,
and shall decide disputes for many peoples;
and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore." (Isa 2:2-4 ESV).
The Curse
The Universe
Human Beings
Goodness
"Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made.
He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’” But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.
Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths." (Gen 3:1-7 ESV).
The Sin
"Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the
kingdom of God is at hand
; repent and believe in the gospel.”" (Mark 1:14-15 ESV).
"And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is
the new covenant in my blood
." (Luke 22:15-20 ESV).
"“Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the LORD. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”" (Jer 31:31-34 ESV).
"Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him,
“Are you the King of the Jews?” Jesus said, “You have said so.”
But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he gave no answer. And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head. Then they sat down and kept watch over him there. And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.” Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left." (Matt 27:11-12, 28-30, 36-38 ESV).
The Story
The Age to Come
Messianic Hope
The New Covenant
Jesus fulfills the hope of the age to come, the hope of the Messiah, the hope of the new covenant, and the overturning of the curse.
The Age to Come
The Messiah
The New Covenant
Eternal Life
What is the story of the Bible?
What does Jesus tell us about God?
What does Jesus tell us about ourselves?
Creation
Image of God
Fall
Sin
Alienation
Death
Purpose
Humanity: Identity & Purpose
Identity
Dominion
The Knowledge of God
"Be like God"
Unbelief
Cursed
The Knowledge of God
Spiritual Darkening
Physical Mortality
God: Sovereign & Free
Creation: Good
In those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” For this is he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah when he said,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
‘Prepare the way of the Lord;
make his paths straight.’”

Now John wore a garment of camel's hair and a leather belt around his waist, and his food was locusts and wild honey. Then Jerusalem and all Judea and all the region about the Jordan were going out to him, and they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.
Matthew 2:1-6, ESV
The Four Gospels & John the Baptist
Question:
At this stage of the story, how are we to understand John's message?
Good
Life
Dominion?
Knowledge of God?
Creation?
If Jesus is a revelation of God, what does he tell us about God?
He is
the image of the invisible God
, the firstborn of all creation. For
by him all things were created
, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—
all things were created through him and for him
. And he is before all things, and
in him all things hold together
.

And he is the
head of the body, the church
. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and
through him to reconcile to himself all things
, whether on earth or in heaven,
making peace by the blood of his cross
.
Colossians 1:15-20
For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.
Romans 8:29, NIV
If Jesus is the fulfillment of human nature, what does he tell us about us?
Trinity: The Christian understanding of the one God as three persons—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—sharing a single divine being.
Person vs. Nature
Resurrection
rival claims
Docetism
Adoptionism
Arianism
Christ of History
vs
Christ of Faith
Teacher/Guru
There was a time when Christ was not.
The Son had a beginning and is the first and greatest of creations
Assumed a hard dualism believing the material existence to be evil and in conflict with divine existence.
Jesus was divine and only appeared to be human.
Jesus' bodily existence, suffering, and death are denied.
Affirmation of monotheism and denial of Jesus' genuine deity.
Son of God is an ethical title.
Christ received the Spirit at his baptism and is not the pre-existent Son of God.
So, the orthodox view has always maintained the union of his fully divine nature and fully human nature in one person.

Why?
Trinity
Three persons One nature
Jesus is a spiritual teacher who attains enlightenment or god-consciousness.
He leaves a path for us to imitate
Nature
Person
Objectives:
Describe the importance of the crucifixion and resurrection for Christian understandings of rescue, redemption, and renewal.
Examine the essential gospel message and the roles of grace and faith in the Christian conception of salvation.
Evaluate the implications and manifestations of Christian salvation as they relate to other worldview perspectives.
What is Resurrection?
Why is Resurrection critical?
What is the reason to believe in the Resurrection?
Not merely spiritual
Not merely resuscitation
The Claim was early and foundational
Dead men do not come back from the dead
The Empty Tomb
Honesty of the Witnesses
Stolen Body
Swoon Theory
The rise of the church
Alternative Explanations
For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received:
that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures
, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time,
most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep
. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me. For I am the least of the apostles, unworthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. (1 Cor 15:3–9 ESV)
An inscription from ancient Thessalonica:

After death no reviving; After the grave, no meeting again.
Women as Witnesses
Differences in the Witnesses
Unexpected Witnesses
Occupied Tomb
Unoccupied Tomb
Unknown Tomb
Legend
Wrong Tomb
Passover Plot
Hallucination
Spiritual Resurrection
Body was buried in a common grave. The resurrection story was born out of ignorance of Jesus' whereabouts
Claim
N.T. names Joseph of Arimathea as a witness to the burial in his family tomb.
The women saw the preparations.
Romans posted a guard at the tomb.
Against
The resurrection was a fabrication that evolved over time to vindicate a beloved teacher.
Claim
Resurrection claims come from some of the earliest sources.
Paul in his teaching on the resurrection points eye-witnesses still living (1Cor 15)
Against
Jesus was buried in a tomb among many similar tombs. The women came to an open tomb and a young man denied that it was Jesus' tomb.
Claim
Identified as Joseph of Arimathea's tomb.
Women noted the tomb 72 hours earlier.
Women were not looking for an open/empty tomb.

Against
Disciples were so emotional grieved that their minds projected hallucinations.
Claim
500 witnesses (1Cor 15)
Appearances more than once to the same person.
Resurrection was not an expectation.
Opponents could easily dismiss by pointing to the tomb.
Against
Jesus' spirit was raised while his body was dead.
Claim
Denies a Jewish understanding of resurrection (very Greek view of body).
Accounts of Jesus eating and being touched by the disciples.
Opponents could point to the occupied tomb.
Against
The disciples stole the body while the guards were sleeping and claimed he was raised.
Claim
Roman Centurions would be motivated by severe penalties even death.
Disciples were not expecting resurrection. They scattered in fear and mourning.
Disciples would have died for a lie.
Against
Jesus did not die on the cross. He passed out from exhaustion/pain. He was revived in the tomb.
Claim
Crucifixion and scourging would have made it impossible to survive and simply revive.
A Jesus near death would not have inspired belief in resurrection.
Disciples would have died for a lie.
Against
There was a conspiracy led by Jesus to fulfill the prophecies of the suffering servant and reigning Messiah. The plot went sour when Jesus was pierced with the spear.
Claim
The suffering servant and reigning Messiah were not necessarily expected to be the same individual.
Does not account for details like the guard.
Crucifixion is not something one just endures and it would have likely alienated his supporters.
Disciples would have died for a lie.
Against
NT Wright on the Resurrection:
On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them. In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, “Why do you look for the living among the dead? He is not here; he has risen! Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee: ‘The Son of Man must be delivered over to the hands of sinners, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.’ ” Then they remembered his words.

When they came back from the tomb, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the others. It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the others with them who told this to the apostles. But they did not believe the women, because their words seemed to them like nonsense. Peter, however, got up and ran to the tomb. Bending over, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves, and he went away, wondering to himself what had happened.
(Luke 24:1-12, NIV)
Now that same day two of them were going to a village called Emmaus, about seven miles[a] from Jerusalem. They were talking with each other about everything that had happened. As they talked and discussed these things with each other, Jesus himself came up and walked along with them; but they were kept from recognizing him.

He asked them, “What are you discussing together as you walk along?”

They stood still, their faces downcast. One of them, named Cleopas, asked him, “Are you the only one visiting Jerusalem who does not know the things that have happened there in these days?”

“What things?” he asked.

“About Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied. “He was a prophet, powerful in word and deed before God and all the people. The chief priests and our rulers handed him over to be sentenced to death, and they crucified him; but we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel. And what is more, it is the third day since all this took place. In addition, some of our women amazed us. They went to the tomb early this morning but didn’t find his body. They came and told us that they had seen a vision of angels, who said he was alive. Then some of our companions went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said, but they did not see Jesus.”

He said to them, “How foolish you are, and how slow to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Messiah have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself.

As they approached the village to which they were going, Jesus continued on as if he were going farther. But they urged him strongly, “Stay with us, for it is nearly evening; the day is almost over.” So he went in to stay with them.

When he was at the table with them, he took bread, gave thanks, broke it and began to give it to them. Then their eyes were opened and they recognized him, and he disappeared from their sight. They asked each other, “Were not our hearts burning within us while he talked with us on the road and opened the Scriptures to us?”

They got up and returned at once to Jerusalem. There they found the Eleven and those with them, assembled together and saying, “It is true! The Lord has risen and has appeared to Simon.” Then the two told what had happened on the way, and how Jesus was recognized by them when he broke the bread.
(Luke 24:13-35, NIV)
=Restoration & Renewal
Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, and by which you are being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me. For I am the least of the apostles, unworthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
(1Corinthians 15:1-9, ESV)
Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain. We are even found to be misrepresenting God, because we testified about God that he raised Christ, whom he did not raise if it is true that the dead are not raised. For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised. And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins. Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. If in Christ we have hope[b] in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied...Why are we in danger every hour? I protest, brothers, by my pride in you, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die every day! What do I gain if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus? If the dead are not raised, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.”
(1Corinthians 15:12-19, 30-32,ESV)

the problem of exclusivity:
All truth claims are exclusive
All religious claims are exclusive
Test case: The Dalai Lama
The Dalai Lama.
Answers: Discussions with Western Buddhists
. Edited by J.I. Cabezon. Ithica, NY: Snow Lion Publications, 2001.
If we view the world's religions from the widest possible viewpoint and examine their ultimate goal, we find that all of the major world religions, whether Christianity or Islam, Hinduism or Buddhism, are dedicated to the achievement of permanent human happiness.
They are all directed toward that goal
(p. 12).
All religions emphasize the fact that the true follower must be honest and gentle, in other words, that a truly religious person must always strive to be a better human being.
To this end, the different world religions teach different doctrines, which are the same, there is no conflict
(p. 12-13).
Now from a philosophical point of view, the theory that God is the creator, is almighty, and permanent
is in contradiction to the Buddhist teachings. From this point of view there is a disagreement.
For Buddhists, the universe has not first cause and hence no creator, nor can there be such a thing as a permanent, primordially pure being. So, of course, doctrinally, there is conflict. The views oppose each other (p. 13).
Is there conflict between Buddhist teaching and the belief in a creator God?
Can non-Buddhists attain liberation?
We Buddhists ourselves will not be liberated at once. In our own case, it will take time. Gradually, we will be able to reach moksa, or nirvana, but the majority of Buddhists will not achieve this within their own lifetimes.
So there's no hurry. If Buddhists themselves have to wait, perhaps many lifetimes, for their goal, why should we expect that it be different for the non-Buddhists? So, you see, nothing much can be done
(p. 27).
Here, you see, it is necessary to examine what is meant by liberation or salvation. Liberation in which "a mind that understands the sphere of reality annihilates all defilements in the sphere of reality"
is a state that only Buddhists can accomplish
(p. 28).
The followers of these schools, though Buddhists, do not understand the actual doctrine of emptiness. Because they cannot realize emptiness, or reality,
they cannot accomplish the kind of liberation I defined previously
(p. 29).
Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me."
(John 14:6 ESV)
Polleverywhere...
And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”
(Acts 4:12 ESV)
Rescue
Redemption
Reconciliation
Restoration
The Curse
Alienation
Say to them, As I live, declares the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways, for why will you die, O house of Israel?
(Ezekiel 33:11 ESV)
Judgment
“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?’ And then will I declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.
(Matt 7:21–23 ESV)
Unbelief
I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”
(Gen 3:15 ESV)
And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.
(Heb 11:6 ESV)
And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.”
(Luke 10:27 ESV)
Rival Claims
Universalism
Annihilationism
Moralism
Problem of free will
Problem of justice
Different mountains
Problem of justice
Problem of purpose
Problem of motivation
Problem of justice
Problem of works without faith
What's the Problem with unbelief?
The Image of God without the God?
The First Commandment
The Greatest Commandment
The Hypocrisy of Works
“You shall have no other gods before me. (Exod 20:3 ESV)
And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him. “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” And he said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.
(Matt 22:35–40 ESV)
And the Lord said: “Because this people draw near with their mouth and honor me with their lips, while their hearts are far from me...
(Isa 29:13 ESV)
And he said to them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written, “‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me...
(Mark 7:6 ESV)
And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.
(Heb 11:6 ESV)
But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith. For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.
(Romans 14:23)
What is Hell?
Why Hell?
Discussion:
How do you understand the Christian concept of Hell?
What is it?
Where is it?
When is it?
Why is it?
Essence
Metaphors
Eschatology
The Word
Failure to Seek
Deal with Evil
Failure to Repent
Gehenna - The Greek is a transcription of the Aramaic ge'hinnaœm whose Hebrew form is ge-hinnoœm. The name means “Valley of Hinnom” or its full form “Valley of the son of Hinnom”“GEHENNA (PLACE),” AYBD, 2:926.
“For the sons of Judah have done evil in my sight, declares the LORD. They have set their detestable things in the house that is called by my name, to defile it. And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the
Valley of the Son of Hinnom
, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, nor did it come into my mind.
Therefore, behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when it will no more be called Topheth, or the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter;
for they will bury in Topheth, because there is no room elsewhere.
And the dead bodies of this people will be food for the birds of the air, and for the beasts of the earth,
and none will frighten them away.
(Jer 7:30–33 ESV)
And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.
(Matt 10:28 ESV)
Say to them, As I live, declares the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways, for why will you die, O house of Israel?
(Ezekiel 33:11 ESV)
And he made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined allotted periods and the boundaries of their dwelling place,
that they should seek God, and perhaps feel their way toward him and find him.
Yet he is actually not far from each one of us, for “‘In him we live and move and have our being’; as even some of your own poets have said, “‘For we are indeed his offspring.’
(Acts 17:26–28 ESV)
Being then God’s offspring, we ought not to think that the divine being is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the art and imagination of man. The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed; and of this he has given assurance to all by raising him from the dead.”
(Acts 17:29–31 ESV)
For we have already charged that all, both Jews and Greeks, are under sin, as it is written: “None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God.
(Rom 3:9–11 ESV)
And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done. And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, according to what they had done. Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.
(Rev 20:12–15 ESV)
Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
(Matt 22:13 ESV)
And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
(Dan 12:2 ESV)
The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you,not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.
(2 Pet 3:9 ESV)
“Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock. And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall, because it had been founded on the rock. And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not do them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand. And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell, and great was the fall of it.
(Matt 7:24–27 ESV)
Problem of the lowest common denominator.
Subjection/Slavery
"He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins." (Col 1:13–14 ESV).
"Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come. All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation; that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, God making his appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God."
(2 Cor 5:17–20 ESV)
"And you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him..."
(Col 1:21–22 ESV)
"For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God. For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies."
(Rom 8:18–23 ESV)
Understanding Salvation
Challenge of Hell
Objectives:
Explain the implications of conceiving of truth as absolute and objective, rather than relative and subjective.
Discuss the implications of conceiving of morality as absolute and objective, rather than relative and subjective.
Reflect on one’s personal response to the problems of evil and suffering in comparison with one’s understanding of Christianity’s basic response.
Truth
A correspondence view of truth.
A is true only if A is.
The statement "God exists" is true only if God does exist.
Reality
worldview
We have to keep
what we believe to be true
and
what is true
distinct. Truth is reality. That is, there is a way the world is regardless of whether we know it or not or whether we believe it or not.
≠ Sincerity
Is it possible to be sincerely wrong?
≠ Belief
≠ Pragmatism
This doesn't fit the category for evaluating truth claims.
= Reality
All truth claims are exclusive.
All worldviews have "universal intent"
Worldviews make contradictory and mutually exclusive claims.
Considerations:
What is it?
Objective
Subjective
Coherence
Correspondence
Practical
How do we know?
Existential/Ethical
Evidence/ Experience
Reason/Logic
Empiricism
Sensory evidence
Rationalism
Logical coherence
Pragmatism
Practical Benefits
Mysticism
Spiritual Experience
-isms
Eclectic
“There is no truth, only interpretations”
(Friedrich Nietzsche, 1906).
Moral Truth
If ethics only went as far as the individual, or alternatively as far as a particular culture, what happens when the ethics of two individuals or two cultures collide? Which one is right?
Absolutism/Universalism
Relativism
“Alice: Which way should I go?

Cheshire Cat: That depends on where you are going.

Alice: I don’t know.

Cheshire Cat: Then it doesn’t matter which way you go.”
― Lewis Carroll,
Alice in Wonderland
Where are we?
Pre-modern
Modern
"Spirit of the Age"
Generally authoritarian view of knowledge
Sense of identity drawn from belief in the divine.
Rejection of authoritarian ideas of knowledge.
Exaltation of human reason and science.
Human society will move out of the dark and into the light.
Protestant Reformation
Newtonian Physics
(1642-1727)
(1483-1546)
(1564 – 1642)
(1596 -1650)
Cartesian Philosophy
Political authorities are so by divine rights
(1509 –1564)
(1473 – 1543)
Copernican Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
Martin Luthe
Full transcript