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Louis XIV

The daily life at the Palace of Versailles during the reign of Louis XIV

Markus Balsicas

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Louis XIV

Daily life at the Palace of Versailles First Levee Morning occurred between 7:30-8:00 a.m. involved the following events: >waking of the king by the Valet de Chambre >the doctors and a few favorites attending to the king's bath, shave, and clothes >Officers of the chamber serving the king's breakfast (a bowl of broth) was attended only by the most important personalities in the kingdom (normally 100 mostly male nobles) Grand Levee occurred between 10:00-11:00 a.m. started with the passage of the royal cortege through the Hall of Mirrors concluded with the daily mass at the Royal Chapel with new songs made by different composers being sung by the choir Cabinet Meetings occurred between 11:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. during the meetings, the king "spoke little, listened much, then made a decision" dealt with 5-6 ministers daily Schedule of meetings:
Sun & Wed Council of State
Tues & Sat Council of Finances
Mon, Thurs, Fri Dispatch Council/Religious Council (depending on preference) Afternoon Le Petite Couvert occurred between 1:00-2:00 p.m. was in principle a private lunch but turned out to be a time where Louis XIV received all the men of the Court Menu courses available:
•Four different bowls of soup
•A whole, stuffed pheasant
•A partridge, chicken, or duck
•Mutton with garlic gravy
•Two pieces of ham
•Hard-boiled eggs
•Three heaping salads
•A plate full of pastries, fruits, and jams Recreation normally took place from 2:00-6:00 p.m.
was decided upon by the king during the morning
mainly in the form of either a promenade with the ladies of the court in the palace gardens or hunting with his hounds in the surrounding woodland Private time with the Queen normally took place from 6:00-10:00 p.m.
the Dauphin would handle the night's activities while the King spent private time through most of his reign with the Madame de Maintenon (his second wife) as the King signs different letters prepared by his secretary Evening Le Grande Couvert normally took place from 10:00-11:00 p.m.
was a public dinner with the family and nobles in the Venus salon of the King's apartments
the King was surrounded by members of the royal family and his most trusted acquaintances Notable facts of the dinner:
•40 dishes
•45 minutes
•498 people
•15 officers of the Household to bring one course
•7-8 minutes to offer the king a drink upon his request Dinner Etiquette:
•No dinner conversation allowed
•During the procession of the food, guests must stop and bow to the food
•Food being brought to the table MUST be escorted by guards
•Officer of the Kitchen must taste each course before it goes outside Private time with the Royal Family normally took place from 11:00-11:30 p.m.
the king with the royal family goes to the nearby council study to have some private time along with a few close acquaintances
was the only time the royal family could converse with each other and be a normal family The Retiring took place at 11:30 p.m.
was a shortened version of the Grand Levee procession
during this event, the King would return to his bedchamber to rest and have some sleep
the only time of the day where the King would have personal time for himself Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon one of the nobles who lived at the Palace of Versailles
wrote the events at the palace during his say in his book called "Memoirs of Louis XIV and His Court and of the Regency"
has the most detailed account about daily life in the Palace of Versailles and the environment King Louis XIV lived in by Markus Balsicas and Tyler Brindle
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