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Autism

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Brittany Kahane

on 4 November 2015

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Transcript of Autism

By: Brittany Kahane
What is Autism (or ASD)?
What can we do to promote Autism awareness?
The curious incident of the dog in the night-time
Is the novel a good representation of an ASD?
Autism
What is it like to have Autism?
What is Asperger's Syndrome?
What are the symptoms?
What is the novel about?
What are the Different types of Autism?
CARLY'S VOICE
When she was 2 years old, Carly Fleischmann was diagnosed with Autism.
THANK YOU
- Autism presents itself usually during the first three years of a person's life
CLASSIC AUTISM
ASPERGERS DISORDER
RETT'S SYNDROME
What is Rett's Syndrome?
- Rett’s is a complex neurological degenerative disorder
- Victims become profoundly and multiply disabled and dependent on others for all their needs.
- Affects 1 in every 10,000 girls.
- It affects only girls
- Autism affects the development of the person's communication and social interaction skills.
- The condition is the result of a neurological disorder that affects normal brain function
- Autism is known as a complex developmental disability.
http://www.carlyscafe.com/
- People with Asperger’s may have an exceptional talent or skill with which they are preoccupied.
- As with autism, the disorder is lifelong and no complete cure is known.
- Asperger’s is often not recognized easily or early, and may be misdiagnosed
- People with Asperger’s do not have the significant delays in language, cognition, self-help skills or adaptive behaviour that are typical in autism
- They are often physically clumsy and awkward, more obviously than children with classic autism
- Asperger’s disorder may be the largest type on the autism spectrum, affecting 35 in every 10,000 people.
She had a speech impediment, an inability to control her own body, and many other severe implications that came with her autism.
“Our brains are wired differently. We take in many sounds and conversations at once. I take over a thousand pictures of a person’s face when I look at them. That’s why we have a hard time looking at people. I have learnt how to filter through some of the mess.”
“Autism is hard because you want to act one way, but you can’t always do that. It’s sad that sometimes people don’t know that sometimes I can’t stop myself and they get mad at me. If I could tell people one thing about autism it would be that I don’t want to be this way. But I am, so don’t be mad. Be understanding.”
When Carly was about to reach 11 years old, her therapists saw her go to the computer and type out slowly with one finger, the words "HURT" then "HELP" then she threw up before she went back to type "TEETH".
She had never communicated in any way and nobody had any idea that she could spell, or express any feelings or emotions in any way.
After her breakthrough, Carly was encouraged to type more and more and once she realized that expressing herself and communicating would help others understand her, she began to type willingly and even began to write her own novel, in addition to her chapter in Carly's Voice.
- Doesn’t seem to hear when others talk to him or her.
- Prefers not to be touched, held, or cuddled.
- Appears disinterested or unaware of other people or what’s going on around them.
- Doesn’t understand simple directions, statements, or questions.
- Has difficulty communicating needs or desires.
- Refers to themselves in the third person.
- Repeats the same words or phrases over and over.
Barb: “How cute are you?”
Carly: “I’m so cute blind people stop and stare.”
“Matthew smells so bad skunks run and hide.”
- Abnormal posture, clumsiness, or eccentric ways of moving (e.g. walking exclusively on tiptoe).
- Reacts unusually to sights, smells, textures, and sounds. May be especially sensitive to loud noises.
- Makes very few gestures (such as pointing). May come across as cold or “robot-like.”
- Avoids eye contact.
- Repeats the same actions or movements over and over again, such as flapping hands, rocking, or twirling (known as self-stimulatory behavior, or “stimming”). Some researchers and clinicians believe that these behaviors may soothe children with autism more than stimulate them.
- Obsessively lines things up or arranges them in a certain order.
Common self-stimulatory behaviors:
- Watching moving objects
- Spinning objects
- Lining up toys
- Scratching
- Tapping ears
- Snapping fingers
- Moving fingers in front of the eyes
- Head banging
- Finger flicking
- Rocking back and forth
- Hand flapping
Absolutely. Christopher demonstrates the proper criteria of a child with an autism spectrum disorder. Since autism and Aspergers are so diverse, many people have different symptoms and Christopher has some of those.
- Swindon, England, 1998
- After he finds letters from his "dead" mother addressed to him in his fathers closet, he realizes his father lied to him about his mother dying. This makes it difficult for him to trust anyone anymore
- "I do not like people shouting at me. It makes me scared that they are going to hit me or touch me."
- He has difficulty trusting many people other than his father and his teacher/mentor Siobhan
- He has obsessive compulsive disorder that makes him be very specific about things
- He feels he relates better to dogs than to humans.
- He hates physical contact of any sort with other people including his father and will touch fingertips with him instead of giving hugs or kisses.
- Christopher is exceptionally good at math and physics and aspires to be an astronaut one day.
- He lives with his father and, as far as her knows, his mother passed away a few years ago.
-"Prime numbers are what is left when you have taken all the patterns away. I think prime numbers are like life. They are very logical but you could never work out all the rules, even if you spent all your time thinking about them.
- "My name is Christopher John Francis Boone. I know all the countries of the world and their capital cities and every prime number up to 7057."
In conclusion, both are amazing books that I would recommend to anyone and everyone.
Both Christopher and Carly were affected by their environments: while Carly has a healthy and happy home life, Christopher's life is more dramatic and would be difficult for any regular person to suffer through let alone a young boy with Aspergers.
In relation to Carly from "Carly's Voice", they each have OCD as well as the inability to control their body, although Carly's condition is more severe.
If you see the kids in our school that have special needs, wave or say hello. It's always best to make them feel welcome instead of avoiding them. They have feelings too.
Do your own research. Who knows, You might find something interesting.
Don't be afraid. They do not want to hurt you.
Remember, they don't want to be this way, they want to be normal like every other average person.
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