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Paradise Lost in Frankenstein

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Amjad Aslam

on 15 June 2014

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Transcript of Paradise Lost in Frankenstein

Paradise Lost in Frankenstein
by Amjad, Daniel, Chris, Kyle
Paradise Lost by John Milton
Details the story of Adam and Eve and Lucifer, based on Book of Genesis
Begins in hell after the fall of Lucifer, depicting his journey across Chaos and the discovery of the new world created by God
God sees Satan heading to the new world and foretells the fall of man, but God's son decides that when the time comes, he will sacrifice himself for mankind
Satan overhears God telling Adam and Eve not to eat the forbidden fruit and turns into a serpent to seduce them into eating the fruit
Paradise Lost cont.
The Son of God judges the sinners, and decides to delay their death until God sentences them
Satan returns to hell, but God turns him and his followers into serpents
Adam and Eve are banished to the new world, and Adam is given visions of the future of mankind
These visions scare Adam but he sees the hope of the savior (implied to be Jesus) in the future, and both Eve and him leave to start humanity
Similarities between Characters - Monster and Adam
CREATION:
Monster is Victors creation, similar to how Adam is God's creation
Victor attempts to create the monster in his own image similar to how God creates man in his own image
Victor's creation, however is a perverse attempt at God's creation with it's deformed appearance
Both of them wake up to the world wondering who, what, and where they were.
"God, in pity, made man beautiful and alluring, after his own image; but my form is a filthy type of yours, more horrid even from the very resemblance" (111)
Similarities between Characters - Monster and Adam
RELATIONSHIP WITH CREATOR:
The monster continually yearns for a close connection between himself and the species which created him
"[M]y heart yearned to be known and loved by these amiable creatures; to see their sweet looks directed towards me with affection was the utmost limit of my ambition" (112)
Adam also wishes to be spiritually close to God
Both seek love and approval from their creators
Adam and the monster place blame upon their creators for their fallen conditions
Similarities between Characters - Monster and Adam
LONELINESS:
Both the monster and Adam become lonely during their lives
Request a companion from their creators
THEME: Every sentient being eventually succumbs to loneliness and desires to form emotional connections with others
In
Paradise Lost
, Adam's wish is granted, and God creates Eve to provide him company
In
Frankenstein,
the monster's companion is destroyed before his very eyes, and the monster is suffocated by his loneliness yet again
Similarities between Characters - Monster and Satan
REBELLION AND YIELD TO DARKER EMOTIONS:
The monster defies his creator, Victor
Trigger event: Victor destroying the monster's female companion
Monster furious at Victor crushing his hopes and aspirations
Yields to dark emotions: revenge upon Victor through the murder of his friends and family; malice as he continually goads Victor into a never-ending chase
Lucifer defies his creator, God
Envied the power possessed by God
His desire to become God leads him to rebel against his creator
His jealousy further corrupts him, and he commits further transgressions until he becomes the very pinnacle of evil
Similarities Between Characters
-Victor and God
Similarities Between Characters
-Victor and God
Paradise Lost and the Monster
CREATING LIFE:
Victor attempts to play the role of God as a creator of life
Through science, Victor obtains the power to create a living creature
This power is seen as godly, and not meant to be possessed by humans
Victor envisions himself as the father of an entire race of species, much like how God is (in many religions and in
Paradise Lost
) the father of all living creatures on Earth
REJECTION OF CREATION:
Victor actions parallel the actions of God in Paradise lost
God rejects Lucifer due to his wickedness and Lucifer becomes Satan
Victor rejects his monster who progressively became more evil and wicked
(Monster is similar to Satan as mentioned earlier)
The notes written by Frankenstein as well as reading
Paradise Lost
causes the monster's feelings to become similar to Satan's
Monster's original belief in the virtues of man transforms into
hatred and resentment
:
"Evil thenceforth became my good" <-- directly stated by Satan as well in
Paradise Lost
Paradise Lost and the Monster
Paradise Lost and the Monster
Begins to link himself to all of the negative aspects of the characters Adam and Satan
People are said to be created in God's image
Victor too believes he can create a creature that will be beautiful
His creature is disfigured and terrifying
Demonstrates how humans should not attempt to possess the power of God and emphasizes the consequences of man exceeding the limitations of their being
Paradise Lost and the Monster
Similarities Between Characters
-Victor and Satan
Discovers the poem just after learning how to read and speak proficiently
Believes it is non-fiction
Awestruck by the magnificence of the events in Paradise Lost
Since Adam was born in God's own image and even Satan had companions to speak to, the monster's sense of loneliness deepens as he finally realizes how different he really is
Lucifer is an angel to begin with, he becomes Satan due to unrestrained ambition and pride
Victor is a respected scholar and a kind person to his friends and family in the beginning of the book
He isolates himself from others due to his unchecked ambition for scientific discovery
Similarities Between Characters
-Victor and Satan
Lucifer is banished for his actions
Victor is plagued with misfortune and he shuns himself from society
Victor loses his status in society as he isolates himself and degrades to a madman who becomes consumed with dark emotions: revenge, hatred
Lucifer becomes Satan and is bent on revenge
Causes Eve to eat the forbidden fruit
Similarities Between Characters
-Victor and Eve
Eve was the first to be persuaded by the serpent to eat the forbidden fruit
Victor was the first to pursue knowledge in the area of bringing the dead to life
Both Victor and Eve could not restrain themselves from curiosity and the temptation to be greater than the definition of their beings
Their lust for knowledge results in negative consequences for humanity
THEME: Humans are naturally curious creatures; this curiosity is what leads us to gain darker knowledge of the world
Similarities Between Characters
-Victor and Eve
"His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath... his teeth a pearly whiteness [which] formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes... his shriveled complexion and straight black lips" (42)
"A new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me" (Shelley 38).
Similarities between Characters - Monster and Adam
Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay

To mould me Man, did I solicit thee

From darkness to promote me?

- Paradise Lost, X, 743-45
REJECTION:
Adam is banished from the Garden of Eden (Hence, title:
Paradise Lost
) for disobeying God's order of eating the forbidden fruit
Similarly, Victor further dissociates with the monster, due to the monster's murders of close family members
"You are my creator, but I am your master; obey... [y]ou can blast my other passions, but revenge remains - revenge henceforth dearer than light or food!" (146)
Similarities between Characters - Monster and Satan
FALL FROM GRACE:
The monster begins as a benevolent and compassionate creature; however, after being shunned by humanity, the monster becomes evil
Satan is originally one of God's most magnificent angels, however his pride leads him to his downfall
"When I run over the frightful catalogue of my sins I cannot believe that I am the same creature whose thoughts were once filled with sublime and transcendent visions of the beauty and the majesty of goodness" (196)
"But it is even so; the fallen angel becomes a malignant devil" (196)
Similarities Between Characters
-Victor and God
"I read it... as a true history. It moved every feeling of wonder and awe that the picture of an omnipotent God warring with his creatures was capable of exciting" (110)
CONNECTION TO ADAM:
Lonely in his existence
"Like Adam, I was apparently united by no link to any other being in existence" (110)
States differences b/w their lives as well
"[Adam] had come forth from the hands of God a perfect creature" (110)
"[Adam was] guarded by the special care of his Creator... but I was wretched, helpless, and alone" (110)
CONNECTION TO SATAN:
Jealous of humanity
"Many times I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition, for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gal of envy rose within me" (110)
Takes a further step in saying that he is even more miserable than Satan due to his loneliness:
"Yet even that enemy of God and man had friends and associates in his desolation; I am alone" (196)
Thus, the reading of Paradise Lost serves to intensify the monster's self-pity and hatred of the human race as he perceives his misery as greater than those of both Adam and Satan
"arf arf arf" (life, 27).
Intoxicating draught = forbidden fruit
Victor (talking to Walton) regrets pursuing knowledge of the unhallowed arts;his transformation from ignorance to awareness only fills him with deep-seeded guilt and shame
Similarly, Adam and Eve regret consuming the fruit as it causes them to undergo the same transformation and experience the same emotions
"Unappy man! Do you share my madness? Have you drunk also of the intoxicating draught? Let me reveal my tale, and you will dash the cup from your lips
Link: www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLnw9VWqJjM
Author: Daniel Iskandar
Full transcript