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Stage Areas and Terms

A brief description of stage areas and stage terminology.
by

Sarah Wojciechowski-Prill

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of Stage Areas and Terms

Ground Plan
A bird's eye view of the stage and set design. Drawn to scale (ie. 1 foot in real-life = 1/2 inch drawn) to make sure set pieces fit correctly on the stage.
A Scenic Designer's Job:
Responsible for collaborating with the play's director and production team.

All the scenery, furniture and props the audience sees at a production of a play make up the set design. The set designer's job is to design these physical surroundings in which the action will take place.

The overall look of the set also gives the audience information about the director's concept of the production.

So... how do they do it?
Scenic Design,
Scenography,
or
Set Design

By Sarah Prill
for
Lionsgate Academy's
Stagecraft Class
Elevation Drawing
Elevation Drawing- A drawing that shows a set design from the audience's perspective. Usually in 1/2"=1' scale.
Types of Set Designs
Scale Model
A 3-dimensional model of a set design that is built to scale (1/2" = 1'). This is the most helpful tool to show a director, actors and production staff your design vision.
Designing for the Stage
Scenic Design
Proscenium Stage Ground Plan
3/4 Thrust Ground Plan
The Scene Design Should...
suggest the style and tone of the whole production

create mood and atmosphere

give clues as to the specific time and place of the action

offer creative possibilities for the movement and grouping of the actors
The Scene Designer's Tools
A thumbnail sketch of the set in the preliminary phase.

Ground plans drawn to scale showing from above the general layout of each set and the placement of the furniture and large props.

Front elevations giving a view of the elements of the set from the front and showing details like windows or platforms.

Miniature three-dimensional models showing how each set will look when finished.
Construction Drawings
Scale Construction Drawings: Detailed drawings of set pieces that provide construction directions for the set construction team.
The set designer will normally read the script many times, both to get a feel for the flavor and spirit of the script and to list its specific requirements for scenery, furnishings and props.
The time of day, location, season, historical period and any set changes called for in the script are noted.

The set designer will meet with the director and the design team (set, costume, lighting and sound designers), to discuss the details of the set and the director's interpretation of the play.
The set, costume and lighting designers also meet and work together to ensure the creation of a unified look and feel for the production.

The set designer then begins to create drawings or renderings...
The Set Design Process
Scenic Design as a Profession
Work in Television or in Theater.

You should be a proficient artist that can draw, sculpt and think in visual terms.

Understand geometry and pay close attention to mathematical detail.

You must collaborate and be able to take direction from others, even if you disagree.

Education beyond high school includes a 4 year Bachelor's Degree in Theater, Interior Design, Architecture or Art. Often have a 3 year Master of Fine Arts Degree in Scene Design.

Earn an average of $46,000/year.

Union Scene Designers have an 80% employment... which means 20% are unemployed, which is much higher than the national average.
They all mean the same thing.
Thumbnail Sketch
A rough sketch that provides the basis for further discussions between the director and the scene designer.
This is important to show actors before blocking the play.
Box set- set that consists of 2 or 3 walls and maybe a ceiling. The most common type of scene design.
Minimal Set- set that uses only the bare minimum of set pieces or furniture.
Permanent Set- set that remains in place throughout the production, elements may be added, but the structure stays the same.
Unit Set-A set that retains the same ground plan through the entire play.
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