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History of Rock Climbing
Transcript of History of Rock Climbing
Rock Climbing Brief History Rock Climber Climbing a Spire Slab Climbing (Small Flat Holds) Rock Climber Mont Blanc High Wall Porta Ledge Yosemite's Half Dome Types of Rock Climbing hello The start of modern rock climbing is credited to Michel-Gabriel Paccard and Jacques Balmat who in 1786 climbed Mont Blanc.
It wasnt until 1857 that the first group recognizing rock climbing as a sport came up, the Alpine club. And event then rock climbing was a sub sport of mountaineering During the 20th century rock climbing began to gain popularity, and in the mid 20th with the innovation of grading systems.
In 1910 the Germans and Italians had made long strides in rope handling techniques along with the development of pitons and carabiners.
Into the 1950s rock climbing was finally considered its own sport, with the trend developing towards shorter more strenuous climbs. During the 60s and 70s the US led the rush of rock climbing with the Yellowstone climbers who pioneered many aspects of the sport.
Three members of the Rock Climbing Association tested the European grading system in Yellowstone to great success allowing for integration of European technique. Another of the Yellowstone climbers and Salathe's achievements is the start of planned overnight climbs, which to this day have continued on this to the point of on wall night overs.
Considered the most important development of the Yellowstone climbers, is sport climbing One man named John Salathe, a blacksmith at age 46, took up climbing and noticed that the iron pitons being used were too weak for reuse in granite and he made the first steel pitons as a result.
He also pioneered aid climbing and is now considered the grandfather of big wall climbing Sport climbing led to the creation and popularization of indoor rock climbing, allowing for the more general community to have access to rock climbing with low risk and cost. Rock Climbing Gear