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Transcript of Industrial Revolution
steam power instead of human power
efficient, mass production
using machines instead of simple tools
why in Britain?
what do you need for industrial production?
why is this called a revolution?
economic social political
new social classes
bourgeoisie (capitalist) proletariat (labor)
[trade unions, parties, ideologies]
issues of conflict
long work hours
the idea of constant growth
commercialization of agriculture
privatization of common lands (Enclosure Acts)
new agricultural techniques 17th c. (crop rotation)
agricultural production for profit
agricultural surplus extra income
"Sheep ate men"
how does industrial capitalism spread to the rest of the world?
to industrialize or not to industrialize
fail to industrialize
larger work force
The Birth of
France, Germany, Japan, US
colonies & trading companies
cotton, tobacco, sugar
steam engine(trains and ships)
(canals and railways)
East Indian, Levant, Virginia
economic and military power
what is capitalism?
types of capitalism
how do you build a steam engine?
scientific knowledge (Newtonian physics and applications)
time and space