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Industrial Revolution

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by

Sebnem Gumuscu

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution

when?
The Industrial
Revolution

what?
steam power instead of human power
efficient, mass production
using machines instead of simple tools
1750-1850
where?
Britain
why in Britain?
what do you need for industrial production?
Labor
Capital
Raw Material
Energy
Market
Labor
Energy
Raw Material
Market
Britain
consequences
why is this called a revolution?
economic social political
economy
society
politics
new social classes
urbanization
bourgeoisie (capitalist) proletariat (labor)
Manchester, Liverpool
mass politics
[trade unions, parties, ideologies]
issues of conflict
housing
sewage
long work hours
accidents
low wages
child labor
the idea of constant growth
commercialization of agriculture
privatization of common lands (Enclosure Acts)
new agricultural techniques 17th c. (crop rotation)
productivity increase
agricultural production for profit
agricultural surplus extra income
merchants
"Sheep ate men"
how does industrial capitalism spread to the rest of the world?
Britain
competition:
to industrialize or not to industrialize

fail to industrialize
colonization
markets
resources
productivity, efficiency
specialization
agricultural productivity
population increase
larger work force
Capital
Enclosure Acts
Rural unemployment
The Birth of
Modern Economy
France, Germany, Japan, US
colonies
trading companies
colonies & trading companies
cotton, tobacco, sugar
coal
steam engine(trains and ships)
transportation
(canals and railways)
iron (steel)
East Indian, Levant, Virginia
industrial capitalism

economic and military power
Technology
profit
what is capitalism?
commercial
industrial
financial
types of capitalism
how do you build a steam engine?
know-how
scientific knowledge (Newtonian physics and applications)
material: Iron
Technology
time and space
Full transcript