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Topic 2: Communicative competence
Transcript of Topic 2: Communicative competence
Canale and Swain
Discourse competence. *
an idealized capacity that is located as a psychological or mental property or function
the production of actual utterances
"knowing the language"
"doing" something with the language
not only an inherent grammatical competence but also the ability to use grammatical competence
in a variety of communicative situations
knowledge of linguistics and sociolinguistics conventions
"the ability to function in a truly communicative setting – that is, in a dynamic exchange in which linguistic competence must adapt itself to the total informational input, both linguistic and paralinguistic, of one or more interlocutors”
"OK, now move your cursor over and choose the scene from the menu."
"From the what?"
"Menu? Why do they call it a menu?"
"Well, 'cause you choose from a list. Just like in a restaurant. A menu."
"Hello Mr. Patterson, thanks for dropping by. I've reviewed your bank statement and... "
(interrupts) "Dude, you gonna ask me a bunch of lame questions?"
"Ah...lame questions...uhm...I don't know, uhm...well, I DO have a few more questions."
"Well, make it fast 'cause I am on a tight schedule!"
"I told 'em about it."
"Told who about what? "
"John and Mike about the report. And he wasn't happy about it?"
"Who wasn't happy?"
He eated the ice cream.
She no think you right.
knowledge of verbal and non-verbal communication strategies that are recalled to
compensate for breakdowns in communication due to insufficient competence in one or more components of communicative competence
knowledge of rules and conventions which underlie the appropriate comprehension and language use in different sociolinguistic and sociocultural contexts
mastery of rules that determine ways in which forms and meanings are combined to achieve a meaningful unity of spoken or written texts
mastery of the linguistic
code (verbal or non-verbal) which includes vocabulary knowledge as well
as knowledge of morphological, syntactic, semantic, phonetic and orthographic
rules. This competence enables the speaker to use knowledge and skills needed for
understanding and expressing the literal meaning of utterances
Bachman and Palmer
Official Curriculum (ESO)
"Competencia en comunicación lingüística"