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FOREIGN ELEMENTS IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

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on 11 October 2013

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Transcript of FOREIGN ELEMENTS IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

FOREIGN ELEMENTS IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
dentist
BORROWINGS
robot
pyjamas
hominy
ketchup
hurricane
jerky
buccaneer
jungle
mammoth
banana
chimpanzee
alarm
shampoo
BRITISH EMPIRE
17th to 19th C.
dentist
routine
cohesion
boulevard
brunette
canteen
cartoon
limousine
NATIVE AMERICAN
BORROWINGS
caribou
hominy
moccasin
raccoon
toboggan
totem
MEXICAN BORROWINGS
chili
chocolate
coyote
tomato
CUBA AND THE WEST INDIES
barbecue
cannibal
canoe
hammock
hurricane
maize
potato
tobacco
PERUVIAN BORROWINGS
alpaca
condor
jerky
llama
pampas
puma
BRAZIL AND OTHER SOUTH AMERICAN REGIONS
buccaneer
jaguar
petunia
poncho
tapioca
INDIA
bandana
bungalow
china
cot
jungle
karma
pariah
polo
toddy
indigo
mango
shampoo
AFRICAN
BORROWINGS
banana
chimpanzee
gorilla
voodoo
zebra
guinea
AUSTRALIAN
BORROWINGS
boomerang
kangaroo
koala
wombat
MEDICINE
anemia, bronchitis, aspirin, AIDS, cholesterol,
stethoscope.
CHEMISTRY
benzine,
nitro
glycerine,
bio
chemical.
ELECTRICITY
dynamo,
electr
ocute
PHYSICS
calorie,
chain reaction, radioactive,
black holes,
laser
.
PSYCHOLOGY
schizophrenia, behaviorism, inferiority complex, bonding, extrovert.
SPACE
countdown
,
spacecraft
,
astronaut.
The growth of Science
Journalism
pacifist, socialize
boost, spike, business deal
neck and neck, down and out, off base
nobelity
dog-stealing
Industries
cinema
projector
screen
animated cartoon
cinemaddict
film
dom
sub
titles
loud-speaker,
televise
, microphone, AM, FM, videotape,
tele
prompter, stereo
record
.
Broadcasting
Computers
program, memory, hardware, read, burn, mouse, virus,
bugs
, windows
PC, RAM, ROM, modem, hacker, download, software.
Automobile
park
sedan, coach, coupe, trailer
clutch, steering wheel,
radiator
service stations, garage,
motel
, traffic light, highway
gas
OF READY-MADE WORDS
CHANGES IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
(17th - 20th C.)
LEXICAL CHANGES
SEMANTIC CHANGES
MORPHOLOGICAL
CHANGES
SOUND
CHANGES
SYNTACTIC
CHANGES
The World Wars
19th - 20th C.
FRENCH
ITALIAN
confetti
vendetta
picturesque
influenza
moustache
dome
alarm
umbrella
SPANISH
patio
siesta
tornado
mosquito
domino
bonanza
GERMAN
gestalt
zither
kindergarten
waltz
nickel
hamburger
fest
RUSSIAN
vodka
perestroika
soviet
mammoth
steppe
CZECH
robot
dollar
pistol
PERSIAN
pajamas/pyjamas
paradise
CHINESE
ketchup
brainwashing (calque)
kung fu
zen
wok
JAPANESE
geisha
soy
sake
judo
karate
tsunami
anime
Toyota
OTHER
BORROWINGS
tank
gas mask
camouflage
sector
alert
blackout
bulldozer
parachutist
jeep
commando
radar
iron curtain
cold war
quisling
Film industry
zither
counter
-attack
post
-war
no man's land
Full transcript