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Copy of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
Transcript of Copy of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
Looked for the 7 Cities of Gold
Explored during Renaissance and Protestant Reformation
Born Feb 25 1570 in Salamnca, Spain into minor nobility
1535, sails to Mexico as part of Antonio de Mendoza's mission to rule in New Spain
In 1538 named governor of New Galicia 1539 Coronado sends Friar Marcos de Niza and Estevan to New Mexico
Friar returns with stories of the city Cíbola that has vast wealth
Coronado outfits an expedition with 300 Spaniards, 1,000 slaves, and many cows and horses
They set out to find the 7 Cities of Gold
As they travel, they find the country mostly barren and have to split into groups Quivira Cornoado's mission was overall very messy because they had to keep changing course due to mountains, canyons, or rivers in the way. They also had to split there party many times because the land around them couldn't support that many people. Many Native American tribes turned them away from their villages which caused lots of conflict. In the end, the Spaniards didn't find the 7 Cities of Gold, but they did open the area for more European exploration. The Age of Exploration in North America impacted the culture of the Native Americans by opening them to new items from Europe and bringing in conflict with the explorers. http://lyonsexplorers.weebly.com/uploads/2/6/0/8/2608871/1496694.jpg 11/3/12 http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/images/coronado1.jpg 11/3/12 http://www.biography.com/imported/images/Biography/Images/Profiles/V/Francisco-Vazquez-de-Coronado-9258086-1-402.jpg 11/3/12 http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/lookandlearn-preview/A/A001/A001261.jpg 11/3/12 Mounting the Expedition When they reach Cíbola they find only the Zuni Indians and their pueblos
Marcos is sent back to Mexico in disgrace Hawikuh and The Colorado River When Coronado's party reached the Zuni village of Hawikuh, they were starving but they natives refused entrance
Coronado men attacked in what is called "Conquest of Cíbola"
While staying in Hawikuh, Coronado sends out two scouting parties
One reaches Hopi villages and again use force to enter but find no gold
Other explores Colorado river and becomes first Europeans to explore the Grand Canyon Coronado's party then commandeers one of the villages around Rio Grande for the winter
Conflicts over women and supplies with the natvies lead to the "Tiguex War"
Many pueblos destroyed and 200 Native Americans are burned alive Cornoado meets "The Turk" an Indian who tells them of a city of gold called Quivira
They travel East and meet the Querechos and the Teyas, enemies of each other
Coronado describes the Querechos as people that "travel around with these cows, who do not plant, and who eat the raw flesh and drink the blood of the cows they kill" (Third Part)
Nomadic tribes were a new thing for Coronado
Once they reached Quivira they found no gold, only more pueblos
The soldiers strangle the Turk and they head home
Coronado deems the country uninhabitable Two World Regions Spanish:
Came to America as Conquistadors
Conquered Aztecs and other Native America groups
Hope to spread Christianity and settle in North America Native Americans:
Have been in North America much longer and are settled
For some it's there first European encounter Change Coronado brought with him new beliefs, technology, food, social organization, government, and recreation ideas
The Spanish wanted the natives to adapt their religion but they didn't
Coronado's mission was one of the first to leave behind horses that the natives would eventually use
Both the Conquistadors and the Native Americans retained their basic way of life The Effect of Coronado's Mission By Logan, Abby, and Jose http://arizonaexperience.org/sites/arizonaexperience.org/files/base_images/coronado.jpg 11/1/4/12