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Erik Erikson

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Chantelle Janik

on 2 April 2015

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Transcript of Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson
GET TO KNOW ERIK ERIKSON
BRAINSTORM
ELEMENTS
VIEWS & WHAT HE STANDS FOR
SOME INTERESTING IDEAS AND HIS IMPACT ON UPBRINGING
CONTRIBUTIONS & COMPARISONS
Can personality change according to Erikson?
How does Erikson view women?
How important is infancy?
How does Erikson view religion?
PERSONAILTY DEVELOPMENT & WHERE I STAND
Biography
Born in Frankfurt, Germany on June 15, 1902
Parents and Identity crisis
Artist Child analyst
Close ties with Freud
No advanced degree
Views
& Objectives
Personality Development
Stage One: Infancy
Stage Two: Muscular S.A.D
Stage Three:
Stage Four: Latency
Stage Five: Adolescence
Stage Six: Young Adulthood
Stage Seven: Mature Adulthood
Stage Eight: Late Adulthood
My Opinions:
Erikson's Upbringing
What he would say about me:
What he would say about my mom:
Erikson
Freud
Skinner
COMPARISONS BETWEEN:
Differences with Freud
Anna Freud
Second shot at advanced edu.
Research
Stages of Identity
Harvard lecturer
Scientific support
Died on May 12, 1994
masculine terms
matured view
parted with Freud's view of women
passive and masochistic creature in psychoanalytic literature
Positive view of religion in written biographies
Influence personality development
Institutional safeguard
extremely important
Stage 1 of personality development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Cannot change
based upon completion/incompletion of life events/needs
epigenesis
Trust vs. Distrust
Birth to age 2
Trust Consistency of caregiver
hope, confidence, security
Distrust anxiety, hopelessness,
abandonment
Shame, Autonomy, and Doubt
Between the ages of 2 and 4
Begin to assert independence
Encouraged increased confidence
increasing independence
Condemned inadequate, dependent
and security
feelings of shame and doubt
Locomotor- Genital Stage
Initiative vs. Guilt
Play age from 4 to 5
Differences between gender
Plan activities and assert themselves
Given opportunity initiative, secure in
leadership ability
Not given opportunity hindered, follower,
guilt, inconvenience
Industry vs. Inferiority
During the ages of 5 and 12
Develop into intelligent beings
Encouraged to know and learn
confident in ability to achieve goals
Not encouraged inferiority and doubt
Identity vs. Role Confusion
The transition between childhood and adulthood (ages 13-19)
Increased independence
Look towards future
One's identity becomes hindered
confusion about themselves and
their role
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Ages 20 to 24
Share themselves more intimately
long lasting relationships
Success? feels comfortable/secure
Avoids intimacy feelings of isolation,
loneliness, and depression
Generativity vs. Stagnation
During middle adulthood between the ages of 25 and 64
Begin to settle down in relationships
Establish careers and give back
Failure to achieve this static & unproductive
Ego Integrity vs. Despair
During the ages of 65 until death
Decreasing productivity
Feelings of unproductive life
feelings of guilt, no accomplishments
Feelings of successful life
develop integrity
Extremely influential on his adulthood
personal identity crisis made contribution to theory
Over-comer
Still relevant
Young Adulthood Stage
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Success in relationship
Doubt my abilities
Still relevant
Middle adulthood
Involved
Career and family
Productive
Early childhood
Extremely independent
no advanced education
Theory of personality development past adolescence
advanced degree
emphasizes oral, anal, and phallic factors
view on women
Did not look into past
Behaviorist
Environmental influence
References:
Allen, B. P. (2006). Personality theories (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson.
Erik Erikson AKA Erik Homburger Erikson. (2014). Retrieved March 31, 2015, from NNBD Trackingthe entire world website: http://www.nndb.com/people/151/000097857/

Erik H. Erikson. (2015). Retrieved March 31, 2015, from Erikson's Institute website: http://www.erikson.edu/about/history/erik-erikson/

"Erikson, Erik Homburger." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2015 from Encyclopedia.com:
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2830905654.html
Kramp, J. M. (2014). Religion and Erik Erikson's life cycle theory. Retrieved March 31, 2015, from Springer Link website: http://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-1-4614-6086-2_9130
Full transcript