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Christina Brown

on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of Science

Genetic Modification

Reasons for it..
Health Affects
Food Supply
Nutrient Content
Asserts that Genetically Modified food is safe for consumption
Industries claim GMOs are tested more than any other conventional crops [1]
Evidence is corroborated using "In-House" Research [1][2]
Safety Concerns
Genetic Engineering is too young to see any results [4]
mutations take more than a single generation to develop
Possible gene combinations could create allergens in non-allergenic food
Distrust amongst the consumers
only 37% of americans trust consuming GMOs [1]
The Parties Involved
GMOs are inspected by 3 government organizations
The FDA inspects and tests each new strain of GM plants [2]
If the GM strain is discernibly different from the organic counterpart it will be rejected [2]
The FDA claims GMOs are identical to organic strains of corn, thus not requiring labeling [2]
There is currently a divide among the scientific community towards the safety of GMOs
Many see no adverse affects from Genetic Modification
88% of scientists believe GMOs are safe [1]
Others believe there are far too many variables to give a positive answer [4]

Environmental Impacts of GM crops
Studies have shown possibilities of gene transference to non-target vegetation due to various pollen carrying insects.
Widespread glyphosphate use can promote gene selection for resistance in non-target plants.
Numerous studies have concluded that Bt toxins introduced into crops have negligible impact on non-target insect populations.
Researchers have concluded that standardized ecological models need to be developed to further analyze environmental impacts of conventional and genetically modified organisms.
Works Cited
The Parties Involved
1. Funk, C. (2015, January 29). 5 key findings on what Americans and scientists think about science. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/01/29/5-key-findings-science/
2. Acosta, Luis. "Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms: United States." Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms: United States. Library of Congress, Mar. 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
3. N/, A. "Newsroom." Commonly Asked Questions about the Food Safety of GMOs. Monsanto Company Inc., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
4. Gm Crops – Just the Science. Page 1 GM CROPS – JUST THE SCIENCE Research Documenting the Limitations, Risks, and Alternatives (n.d.): 1-12. GM Crops- Just the Science. The NonGMO Project, 8 Sept. 2010. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
1953-structure of DNA is discovered
1969-Discovery of restriction enzymes by Werner Arber
1973- Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer develop method for DNA cloning and create first organism with recombinant DNA.
1982- FDA approves first GMO for sale(Humulin)
1994-First GMO food sold in U.S. (FLAVR SAVR)

6. Marchant, G.E., & Carineau, G.A., (2013). The labeling debate in the United States. GM Crops & Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain, 4(3), 172-182. doi: 10.4161/gmcr.26532
7. Non-GMO Project (2009). Non GMO Project. Retrieved from http://www.nongmoproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/GM-Crops-just-the-science.pdf
No diseases or deaths only related to GMOs

Long-term effects
On the body
On the environment

Need to be compared to pre-existing conditions
Scientists analyze risk amount

Safety concerns
Better to be safe than sorry
Give consumers a choice
Have a right to know

Mixed plants
Warning labels - awareness
By Kevin Loftus, Ben Baker, Dylan McAllister, and Christina Brown
Full transcript