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Copy of HIV/AIDS

health care project

Sondae Stevens

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of HIV/AIDS


unprotected sex (oral, vaginal, anal sex)
sharing needles used to inject drugs or other substances (including contaminated needles used for injecting steroids and tattooing and body art)
pregnancy, delivery and breast feeding
HIV exiting a cell
electron micrograph of an HIV particle
HIV is split into two groups
hi, im 15 years old , on november 3 2011 i found out that i am HIV positive . there was rumors that this boy had it & iasked him & made me show me proof & he did idunnno how he made up these papers but he did .. the first time we had it i told him we have to use a condom because either way i didnt wanna end up pregnant. he used it for a little then he took it off And i made it clear he couldnt continue having sex with me until he put a condom back on but he didnt.

i went & got tested recently & broke down .. people told me i should get tested because you could never know & also when i lived with him in summer his mom would always bring up you two will be together through sickness, & through everything else. i found it weird she would always bring that up & she once made a joke about them both being hiv positive .. wich scared me so he was born with it . when i found out he reAlly had it i was so sad & heart broken that he knew he had it & he would go giving it to people like nothing. he gave it to alooott of girls ! & i also feel bad for them sometimes i want to tell people so they can becareful or get tested .. but then that would put my reputation on the line.

i always wonder if people would accepted & love me if i told them ? but people are so ignorant you could never know.. but for the people out there who have it & are stressing .. hiv is like diabetes it isnt as bad just keep going to ur dr.appointments to see if your doing okay in your health . put everything in gods hands & god will make things good for you . if you take care of urself your not gonna dye & theres gonna be supporters you just have to find the right ones . im still living a healthy normal life & this has made a big impact in my life in so many wa
HIV is not spread through:
casual contact
Indirect contact
Is there a cure?
no cure for HIV/AIDS
no vaccine
Can HIV mothers receive medical treatment?
Before the birth of the baby
at the time of birth
during breastfeeding
First Outbreak
in a mans blood sample which was collected in 1959 in Congo
What is HIV?
" Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome
attacks the immune system
A member of the retrovirus family
No cure
What is AIDS?
"Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
final stage of HIV
causes severe damage to the immune system
No cure
Symptoms of HIV
The different stages of HIV infection
Kids and adults follow the same trajectory
Stage 1 - Primary/ Acute
Stage 2- Clinically Asymptomatic
Stage 3 - Symptomatic
Stage 4 - Progression from HIV to AIDS
short flu-like illness
infected person can infect other people
no symptoms
immune system weakens during this stage
during this period you could go up to 10 years or longer without feeling any symptoms
the symptoms are mild
last stage of HIV disease
developed from HIV to AIDS
immune system is damaged
may experience opportunistic infections
What is Opportunistic Infections ?
Treatments Avaliable
The treatments that were available and still is are listed below:

HAART: Is an abbreviation for highly active antiretroviral therapy.
-They have been proven to reduce HIV related complications and deaths.
Reverse transcriptase inhibitors are drugs that prevent the ability of the virus to multiply itself.

The following drugs are Reverse transcriptase inhibitors:
Nucleoside (nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRITs). Include drugs such as the following:

-Zidovudine= (AZT/Retrovir)
-Didanosine (ddl/Videx)
-Zalcitabine (ddc/Hivid)
-Stavudine (d4t/Zerit)
-Iamivudine (3TC/Epivir)
-Abacavir (ABC/Ziagen)
-Emtricitabine (FTC/Emtriva)
-Tenofovir (Viread)
Treatments Available
Treatments Available
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are oftenly used in a blend with NRTIs to help keep the virus from copying itself. They include drugs such as listed below:

-Efavirenz (Sustiva)

-Nevirapine (viramune)

-etravirine (intelence)

-Rilpivirine (edurant)
HIV is one of the world's leading infectious killers, claiming more than 25 million lives over the past three decades.

There were approximately 34.2 million people living with HIV in 2011.

HIV infection can be diagnosed through blood tests detecting presence or absence of antibodies and antigens.

A cure for HIV infection has not been found but with effective treatment with antiretroviral drugs, patients can control the virus and enjoy healthy and productive lives.

In 2011, more than 8 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries, but another 7 million people need to be enrolled in treatment to meet the target of providing ART to 15 million people by 2015.

Young people aged 13–29 accounted for 39% of all new HIV infections in 2009
Everyone was affected by this disease, anyone from babies to senior at fighting for their lives.
, millions of children every year are indirectly affected by the epidemic as a result of the death and suffering caused in their families and communities.
Most children with HIV were born to mothers with HIV or got a transfusion of infected blood and/or breast milk.
Economic and social dependence on men often limits women's power to refuse sex or to negotiate the use of condoms. Their age leaves them less able to reject sexual advances than adults which could lead to the HIV virus.
Experts report that more than half of persons over 50 are having sex a couple times each month.
Since the early 80's, HIV in people older than 50 have accounted for about 10 percent of all cases of HIV/AIDS.
Who was affected by HIV/AIDS ?
Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 60 million people have been infected with the HIV virus and approximately 30 million people have died of AIDS.
In 2010, there were an estimated 34 million people living with HIV, 2.7 million new infections, and 1.8 million AIDS-related deaths.
The WHO African Region is the most affected, where 1.9 million people acquired the virus in 2010. The estimated 1.2 million Africans who died of HIV-related illnesses in 2010 comprised 69% of the global total of 1.8 million deaths attributable to the epidemic.
How many people die from HIV/AIDS ?
Modes of Transmission
protected sex
Sterilize needles
Monogamous relationships
Always use a condom
Talk to new sexual partners honestly about your risk factors and request the same frank disclosure from them.
How to protect yourself from HIV

-Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
-Abnormal heartbeats
-Shortness of breath
-Skin rash
-Weakened bones
-Bone death, particularly in the hip joints
Treatments are not really successful because HIV/AIDS are a forever type of disease. Which means Aids will never be cured; it will stay with you till you die. What you can do is go through different types of therapy and treatments. For example one should go and consult with their doctor for a special type of medication if they have a different health problem (other health issues: diabetes; cholesterol). If they do not have a different health problem one should start taking antiretroviral drugs to help the symptoms and to control the disease.
HIIV Treatments
The ways the scientists & health researchers explained why the outbreak/disease took place was more like getting it through blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. These are the scientific explanations.
However the myths and explanations people believed without actual scientific research:
-HIV and aids were transmitted through mosquitos that bit someone who had been infected with the disease.
-People thought you can get HIV and aids by kissing, coughing, sneezing, toilets & swimming pools.
-Participation in sports
-Touching items that were touched by a person infected with the virus
Was the Treatments Successful ?
America 1981
spreading in Los angeles, New York and Sans Fransico.
originated in a primate and crossed
to humans through blood
SIV is ( simian immunodeficiency virus) related to HIV
taken form who.com
How was it

In 2004 sub- Saharan Africa was named most affected
many lived and died of aids
Most affected
Side Effects
Its Quiz time !
What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?
Is there a cure for AIDS?
Approximately how many people are living with HIV worldwide?
Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of someone with HIV?
HIV is believed to have evolved from a similar virus found in which animal?
Tuberculosis (TB)
What is the most common life-threatening opportunistic infection affecting people living with HIV/AIDS?

was first detected in 1959in a blood sample taken from Democratic republic of Congo
it was isolated in its small communities
spread throughout America
Where did it spread to
1983 scientist discovered HIV causes aids
2004 there were 24 million living with aids
HIV is found in bodily fluids
sub-Saharan Africa
african countries life expectancy dropped below 40 years
ultimate Canadian medical encyclopedia
Most affected
Full transcript