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Causes of World War II
Transcript of Causes of World War II
Cañón Rojas Introduction The basic causes of World War II were nationalistic tensions, unresolved issues, and resentments resulting from the First World War and the interwar period in Europe, and the effects of the Great Depression in the 1930s. The 1939 invasion of Poland by Germany and the invasion of 1937 of the Republic of China by the Empire of Japan. These military aggressions were the decisions made by authoritarian ruling elite Nazi in Germany and the leadership of the Kwantung Army in the case of Japan. ... Ideologies, doctrines,
and philosophies Anti-communism The spirit of internationalism and radical Bolshevik takeover in Russia in November 1917. Then the spirit went to Hungary and Bavaria. This fact made many central and western European countries (and American) feared that a violent communist revolution would come to their own countries. Then, Italian Fascism and German National Socialism were in part a reaction against the communist social upheavals that appeared in Europe. Expansionism is the doctrine of expanding the territorial base (or economic influence) of a country, usually by means of military aggression. At the time of World War II, various European powers (such as France, the United Kingdom, and Russia/the Soviet Union) had long held large amounts of territory under imperial or colonial rule. Germany and Italy had not been as successful as the other Great Powers in gaining and holding territory. Fascism Fascism is a philosophy of government that is marked by stringent social and economic control, a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator, and often has a policy of belligerent nationalism that gained power in many countries across Europe in the years leading up to World War II. In general, it believes that the government should control industry and people for the good of the country. Militarism A very aggressive and militar attitude prevailed among the leaders of Germany, Japan and Italy. Compounding this, the traditional militant attitude of the three had a similar experience is often underestimated. For example, Germany has proposed the permanent military service in 1935, with the aim of improving its army (and against the Treaty of Versailles). Nationalism Is the belief of groups of people united by ties of territorial, cultural and ethnic. Nationalism was used by leaders to generate public support in Germany, as it was a country where fervent nationalism was prevalent; in Italy, the idea of restoring the Roman Empire was attractive to many Italians; in Japan, nationalism, in the sense of duty and honor, especially to the emperor, had spread over centuries. Racism Socio-Darwinian theory framed the coexistence as a "Teuton vs. Slav" struggle for domination, land and limited resources. in integrating these ideas into your own point of view, the Nazis believed that Germans, the "Aryan race", were the superior race and that the Slavs were inferior. During World War II, Hitler used racism against "non-Aryans. " Interrelations and economics Specific events Problems with the Treaty of Versailles Competition for resources and markets Problems with the League of Nations European Civil War Franco-Prussian War World War I Weimar Republic The Great Depression Rise of Fascism in Italy Nazi dictatorship Italian invasion of Ethiopia Spanish Civil War Second Sino-Japanese War Italian invasion of Albania Soviet-Japanese Border War Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Invasion of Poland Invasion of the Soviet Union Attack on Pearl Harbor Franco-Prussian War was initiated by Napoleon III of France, who was alarmed by the rapid growth of the German population and unity among them, finally decided to declare war because of the possible loss of French international prestige. This period marked a relative decline in the strength of France, which continued into the 20 century. Then France joined with Russia and the United Kingdom The First World War was a cataclysm that killed almost an entire generation of young people. It was fought primarily as a preventive war by Germany to test the power of Russia.
Many people view the World War II as a continuation of the First World War, some believe that the Treaty of Versailles, drawn up at the end of the First World War failed to establish the parameters that could have prevented the second. The Weimar Republic governed Germany from 1919 to 1933. The name of the republic was the city of Weimar where a national assembly convened to produce a new constitution after the German Empire was defeated after the nation's defeat in World War I was a liberal democracy in the style of France and the United States. As a result of the collapse of the U.S. economy after 1929 the stock market reverberated throughout the world. European countries were hit hard by the Great Depression, which led to high rates of unemployment, poverty, social unrest and a general feeling of hopeless. From October 27 to October 29, 1922, Benito Mussolini and his National Fascist Party organized a coup and seized political power in the Kingdom of Italy.
Mussolini and his party announced similar fascist movements in Romania, Hungary and other states around the world. Hitler was appointed chancellor on January 30, 1933. The fire at the parliament building on February 27 (which some have argued that the Nazis had caused) was used as an excuse for the cancellation of civil and political liberties, enacted by the aged President Paul von Hindenburg and the rightist coalition cabinet led by Hitler. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini wanted to expand the Italian Empire in Africa with the invasion of the Empire of Ethiopia. At that time, Ethiopia had successfully resisted European colonization. Under the pretext of Walwal incident in late 1934, the Kingdom of Italy invaded on October 3, 1935. The Italians invaded without a formal declaration of war. Germany and Italy lent support to the nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco in Spain. The Soviet Union supported the existing government of the Spanish Republic, which showed leftist tendencies. Both sides used this war as an opportunity to test improved weapons and tactics. The bombing of Guernica was a horrific attack on civilians who announced the events taking place across Europe. The Second Sino-Japanese War began in 1937 when Japan attacked China from its foothold in Manchukuo.
The invasion was launched by the bombing of many cities, including Shanghai, Nanjing and Guangzhou. The latter, which started on 22 and September 23, 1937. After the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, Italy thought that became a second class member of the Axis. Rome issued an ultimatum to Tirana on March 25, 1939, demanding that they adhere to the Italian occupation of Albania. On 7 April 1939, Mussolini's troops invaded Albania. Albania was occupied after the short campaign despite the stubborn resistance offered by the Albanian forces. In 1939, the Japanese attacked west of Manchuria in the Republic of Mongolia, after the Battle of Lake Khasan earlier in 1938. They were beaten decisively by the units under General Georgy Zhukov Soviet. After this battle, the Soviet Union and Japan were at peace until 1945. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a non-aggression treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union. It was signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939, the Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop.
In 1939, neither Germany nor the Soviet Union were ready to go to war with each other. Tensions had existed between Poland and Germany for some time regarding the Free City of Danzig and the Polish corridor, and there is some debate on the assertion that Poland, in 1933, tried that France will join the pre-emptive strike after the Nazis won in Germany. This was resolved in 1934 by a non-aggression pact, but in the spring of 1939, tensions rose again. Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, hoping to destroy the U.S. Pacific Fleet at anchor. Although the Japanese knew that the U.S. had the potential to build more ships, because I knew they would gradually and the Navy could destroy them one by one.
A few days later, Germany declared war on the United States, ending isolationist sentiment in the U.S. so far prevented it from entering the war. Germany attacked the Soviet Union in June 1941. Hitler believed that the Soviet Union could be defeated in an assault fast-paced and relentless that took the poor state of preparedness of the Soviet Union and hoped that success would bring Britain to the negotiating table, ending the war total. Hitler wanted more to preempt an attack by the Soviet Union, thereby capturing the Soviets off-guard. Thanks! This treaty was signed at the end of the world war I, and in it was described that Germany: had to accept his fault for causing the war; also had to get disarmed, had to make significant territorial concessions, and had to pay reparations to many countries that were affected by the war. After the war the country felt in an angry and impotence feeling. In 1923 Adolf Hitler became the chancellor of Germany, and started his National racist movement, and when the Nazi movement won in the country, it become into a totalitarian single-party state. Hitler repudiated the Versailles treaty and started a rearmament program. Besides coal and iron deposits, Japan lacks the vast natural resources. In the early twentieth century, Japan was a newcomer to the club of industrialized imperialist countries. At the time I had the ability to get their own colonies, much of the Pacific and its resources are divided between the Western powers: the British Empire including India, Singapore, Papua New Guinea, the French empire includes the French Indochina , and Holland was the Dutch East Indies. In addition, the sphere of influence of the United States was spreading across the Pacific, the annexation of Hawaii, the Philippines, and is granted a crucial aid to China. The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the First World War to prevent future wars. League methods included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation diplomacy and improving global welfare. The philosophy behind the diplomatic League represented a fundamental shift in the thinking of the last hundred years. Some academics examine World War II as the final portion of a wider European Civil War that began with the Franco-Prussian War on July 19, 1870. The proposed period would include many of the major European regime changes to occur during the period, including those during the Spanish Civil War and Russian Civil War. Video:
World War II: Okinawa