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Eating In Kentucky: Frequency of Eating Out vs. In and the Reasons Behind the Decision

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Erin Brown

on 24 April 2010

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Transcript of Eating In Kentucky: Frequency of Eating Out vs. In and the Reasons Behind the Decision

Eating in America:
Eating out vs. in and the reasons behind that decision -Erin Brown The problem with us: 67% of adults over 20 are overweight
34% obese
Physiological problems
The problem with the food: More calories
More fat
excessive portion sizes
difficult to compete with the convienience
Prevelence - 203,000 more fast food locations than in 1970 The main question: What is the relationship between cooking confidence, perceived pricing differences, environment, and perceived consciousness of foods' nutritional value and the frequency of meals eaten at restuarants and fast food locations for adults in America? For this class: What is the relationship......for University of Louisville graduate students in the spring 2010 Health and Human Science's Research Methods course. Consulting the literature: Raloff, 2004
9,872 subjects
2-day food log
1/4 ate fast food every day
those <30 were more than 4X's as likely to to eat fast food than those >50
those who consumed fast food, ate approximatly 200 more caloreis on an average day Literature Continues Rosenheck, 2008
3031 black and white young adults were follwed for 15 years
direct link between fast food consumption and body weight
frequent ff eaters had an average 9.9 lb greater weight gain and double the amount of insulin resistance Evironment Literature Moore, 2009
5,633 participants used
looking at connection between ff consumption, diet, and neighborhood fast-food exposure
food frequency questionnaires and the Healthy Eating Index was used
for each participant, number of fast food restuarants within a 1 mile radius was estimated using an informant report and geographic information system
Findings: 62% reported eating ff within 1 mile of their home
white, higher income, and more highly educated participants were less likely to consume ff near their home
race/ethnicity, education, and income were all associated with ff exposure Environment Literature Continued Phone survey of 1,295 adults - demographic questions, height, and weight
Local environments analyzed using US Census, business addresses (grocery stores, convenience stores, gas stations, specialty food stores, full service restaurants, ff, and bars/taverns), and mapquest
Findings: obesity was lower in areas that had at least one supermarket, one specialty food store, or a limited service restaurant
Obesity was higher in areas with gas stations and ff Literature in Cooking Confidence The GAP!
Cooking confidence and fruit and vegetable intake - showed that food skill interventions have the ability to affect food choice and cooking confidence Lead to one main research question: Do those with higher cooking confidence eat less frequently at restaurants and fast food locations than those with lower cooking confidence? Similar Study

Mohr, 2007: ff consumption and demographic, attitudinal and personality and lifestyle viewpoint
Findings: increased amount of ff was associated with...
younger age
indifference to health consequences
greater household income
more exposure to advirtising
lesser allocation of time for eating Methodology Survey study gathering quantitative and qualitative data
Convenience sampling was used
Original instrument measured deomographic data, personal characteristics, frequency of eating out and included 2 open ended questions
Anova and correlation statisical tests were ran and reviewed Findings 1)Do those with higher cooking
confidence eat fewer meals at
restaurants and ff locations
than those with lower cooking
confidence?
-not significantly correlated (p=0.792) 2) Does the perceived price
difference between eating at
restaurants and ff locations and
eating at home affect the frequency
of meals eaten out?
- no significant difference found between
subgroups 3) Does the amount of ff locations wihin a 2 mile radius of one's home affect the frequency of meals eaten out?
- no significant differences found between subgroups 4) Does perceived consciousness of foods' nutritional value affect the frequency of meals eaten at restaurants or ff locations?
- not significantly correlated Reasons for Eating Out Responses Percentage
Convenience 15 62.50%
Time 14 58.30%
Economical 2 8.30%
Special occasion 1 4.20%
Traveling 1 4.20%
No food in house 1 4.20%
Socialize 1 4.20%
Variety 2 8.30%
Taste 2 8.30%
Feasibility 1 4.20%
Laziness 2 8.30%
Quality 1 4.20%
No response 2 8.30%
Are there any additional
determining factors that
would affect the frequency
of meals eaten at restaurants
or ff locations? Discussion Limitations/Delimitations No significant findings from quantitative data gathered, however we have to look at what the existing literature tells us
For future programing, narrowing in on the root causes of the increase in eating out is crucial
Have to make good nutrition convenient and quick
Internal Invalidity
instrument invalidity (not previously tested)
investigator bias/inexperience
External invalididty
sample
environment/testing procedures
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