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1980s

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by

Maggie Holland

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of 1980s

Back to the 80's
Presidents:

~ President Carter (1971-1981)
~ President Reagan (1981-1989)
~ President George HW Bush (1989-1993)
1980's Genre:

"Arena Rock"
"College Rock"
"Hair Metal"
"Heartland Rock"
"Post Punk"
"New Wave"
"Pop"
Music
Economics
Fashion
-20\20 and 60 Minutes- News
-M*A*S*H
-The Jeffersons
-Dallas
-Rosanne
-The Cosby Show
- Full House

PG-13 rating created
Social Movements
Patrick Swayze
Tom Hanks
Judd Nelson
Emilio Estevez
Mel Gibson
Bruce Willis
Tom Cruise
Dustin Hoffman.
Sylvester Stallone
Michael Jackson
Madonna
Arena Rock
Journey,
REO Speedwagon
,
Pat Benatar,
.38 Special,
Night Ranger
Pop (Pop Rock)
Rick Springfield
Micheal Jackson
Prince
Whitney Houston
Tina Turner
Madonna
Cyndi Lauper
Billy Joel
Big Hits:
Thriller (best selling album of all time)
Jessies Girl
Girls Just Want To Have Fun
Technology

-Standard for most American households
-Ushered in a large selection of new programs
Cable Television
--ICBM P-Cs , the Apple Macintosh and Apple II series computers became more popular
--Allowed Americans to manage personal finances and use word processing programs
Personal Computers
--Allowed home-recording by independent artists– the “cassette culture”
--Gave Americans affordable access to new music
Audio Cassette Tapes
--Originally a portable audio cassette player
--Later the CD Walkman(Discman) which also served as a recording and playback device
The Walkman
--Became a financial bonanza for major recording labels
--Allowed the recording of larger albums
--Originally more expensive than cassette tapes
CDs
--Popular Arcade Games: Popular video games include: Turrican, Pac-Man, Super Mario Bros., The Legend of Zelda, Metroid, Donkey Kong, Frogger, Digger, Tetris and Golden Axe. Pac-Man
Handheld electronic LCD games were popular amongst the nation’s youth
Arcade Games and Video Games
--Increasing Materialism
--Young Urban Professionals (“Yuppies”)
Sought executive track jobs
Typically a baby boomer with a college education
Focused on making money + purchasing consumer goods
Social Trends
--Increased participation in the workplace
--Ms
--Sandra Day O’Conner
--Geraldine Ferraro
Role of Women
--Jesse Jackson
--Growing cultural and social diversity promoted increased racial acceptance
Role of Racial Minorities
--Mount Saint Helens Eruption
--Loma Prieta Earthquake
--Drought of 1988
--Environmental Activism
Environmental Issues
Health and Safety
Hepatitis- B vaccine invented
--Part of the U.S War on Drugs
--First Lady Nancy Regan took on the campaign
--Just Say No club organizations became common in schools
“Just Say NO”
Politics
--“The Regan Era”
Americans embraced relative conservative politics under Regan and Bush
--Regan promoted tax cuts, government reductions, and deregulation
Conservative Domestic Politics
--The Reagan Doctrine (financial + military aid to fight Communism)
--Problems in the Middle East
--Strategic Defense Initiative
--INF Agreement and an end to Cold War tensions
Foreign Politics
Economy
--1982-bankrupcies increased, interest rates rose, inflation high
--In 1983, the country began a slow process of economic recovery
--American auto industry suffered
Debt and Recession
--Return to a semi- Laissez-faire economy
--Led to an economic revival
Deregulation
--"Supply-Side Economics“
--Reducing government spending
--Tax cuts for individuals and corporations
“Reganomics”
High investment in the stock market by middle-class Americans
More sophisticated consumer tastes
Credit and “the splurge generation”
Widening economic gap
Consumer Patterns
Beginnings of a Technological Economy
New generation of billionaires
Growth of huge conglomerates
Diversification of corporations
Federal restrictions on corporate takeovers eased
Takeovers/Buyers/Mergers
The AIDS epidemic
Health and Safety
Fads
Music
Toys
Television and Movies
Cabbage Patch Dolls
My Little Pony
G.I Joe
Care Bears
Rainbow Brite
Smurfs
Game Boy
Boombox
Walkman
Slinky
Rubix Cube
Health and Fitness Industry
Swatch Watch
"Valspeak"
1)E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), $435 million
2)Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (1983), $309 million
3)Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (1980), $290 million
4)Batman (1989), $251 million
5)Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), $245 million
6)Ghostbusters (1984), $238 million
7)Beverly Hills Cop (1984), $234 million
8)Back to the Future (1985), $210 million
9)Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), $197 million
10)Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984), $179 million
Top Grossing Movies
Easily marketable movies
Short, easily summarized plots
“The Hollywood Blockbuster”
“High Concept Films”
Horror Films
“Brat Pack” Films
MTV
Children’s Television
Early 80s
“blitz kids”
Flamboyant, eccentric fashion
The “New Romantic Movement”
Big Hair
Parachute Pants
Neon
Shoulder Pads
Mini Skirts
Ray-Bans
Slap Bracelets
Scrunchies
High Top Converse
Leg Warmers
Rock
R & B
Hip Hop
Electronic
Pop
-Queen
-Def Leppard
-Motley Crue
-Bon Jovi
-Guns N' Roses
-Aero Smith
-Van Halen
-Journey
-Foreigner
-Metallica
-R.E.M
-Michael Jackson
-Prince
-Diana Ross
-Stevie Wonder
-Marvin Gaye
-Freddie Jackson
-Tina Turner
-Janet Jackson
-Doug E. Fresh
-Beastie Boys
-Fat Boys
-Melle Mel
* Dance Music
*House Music
*discoteques
*rave scene
*New Wave
-Michael Jackson
-Madonna
-Whitney Houston
-New Kids on the Block
-Cyndi Lauper
* MTV
Dance
Breakdancing
Punk: "Pogo Dancing"; "Slam Dancing"
Celebrities
Guns N' Roses
Prince
Beastie Boys
Madonna
Average Prices
Bread:
1980
- $0.
48

1989
- $1.29
Milk:
1980
-
$1.60

1989
- $1.60
Gas:
1980
-
$1.03
1989
- $1.08
Income:
1980
-
$
11,321
1989
- $14,347
Car:
1980
- $5,413
1989
- $8,243
House:
1980
- $86,159
1989
- $124,348
Full transcript