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Oil Refining

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Adrian Trinidad

on 23 February 2015

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Transcript of Oil Refining

Oil Refining

Step 1
Fractional Distillation
-Crude oil is useless in its current state

-Heated in distillation towers

-Components are separated from each other by heating

-Components have different boiling points

-Separates crude oil into unfinished products
Step 2
-Use of Hyrdrocrackers, Cokers, Reformers

-Rearranging of molecules

-involves breaking, combining and rearranging chemical compounds.

-Converting low value oils to high value gasoline

COKER unit

- process vacuum resids
- heated to over 900° F and put into
the coke drums, where it undergoes
thermal cracking as the oil
decomposes under the extreme heat

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC)

- Converts heavier oil
to lighter oils using a catalyst

Alkylation Unit

- combines smaller molecules into
larger ones.
- it produces one of the cleanest types
of gasoline.

Hydro Crackers

- converting heavier hydrocarbons
into lighter hydrocarbons by rearranging
the molecules then transferred to catalytic
reforming produces products with low
sulfur levels
- adds hydrogen to increase production of
isoparaffin for better gasoline blending

Catalytic Reforming

- increase octane levels of gasoline
making it more valuable.
- products include jet fuels, gasolines, for
aromatics( used for plastic making and fabrics)

Crude oil - unprocessed oil
- fossil fuel
- useless state
- composed of hydrocarbon deposits
-often called as "black gold"
-Fontanilla, Ronin
-Gana, Jan Vincent
-Garcia, Marvin Kayle
-Trinidad, Adrian
-Yoshimoto, Tahro

2-2 ME
Step 3
-Sulfur removal

-uses hydrotreating
*similar to hydrocracking but without changing its molecular weight.

-removes impurities.

byproduct: residual sulfur
pure ako!
42 gallons of crude oil
19.5 gallons of gasoline
9.2 gallons of diesel
4.1 gallons of kerosene-type jet fuel
2.3 gallons of heavy residual fuel oils
1.9 gallons of liquefied refinery gas
1.9 gallons of still gas
1.9 gallons of coke
1.3 gallons of asphalt and road oil
1.2 gallons of petrochemical feedstock
0.5 gallons of lubricant
0.2 gallons of kerosene
0.3 gallons of other
Collection of crude oil:
Thanks for listening!
-A process that economically converts raw crude oil into more-useful fuels and petrochemicals
Full transcript