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Transcript of Oil Refining
-Crude oil is useless in its current state
-Heated in distillation towers
-Components are separated from each other by heating
-Components have different boiling points
-Separates crude oil into unfinished products
-Use of Hyrdrocrackers, Cokers, Reformers
-Rearranging of molecules
-involves breaking, combining and rearranging chemical compounds.
-Converting low value oils to high value gasoline
- process vacuum resids
- heated to over 900° F and put into
the coke drums, where it undergoes
thermal cracking as the oil
decomposes under the extreme heat
Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC)
- Converts heavier oil
to lighter oils using a catalyst
- combines smaller molecules into
- it produces one of the cleanest types
- converting heavier hydrocarbons
into lighter hydrocarbons by rearranging
the molecules then transferred to catalytic
reforming produces products with low
- adds hydrogen to increase production of
isoparaffin for better gasoline blending
- increase octane levels of gasoline
making it more valuable.
- products include jet fuels, gasolines, for
aromatics( used for plastic making and fabrics)
Crude oil - unprocessed oil
- fossil fuel
- useless state
- composed of hydrocarbon deposits
-often called as "black gold"
-Gana, Jan Vincent
-Garcia, Marvin Kayle
*similar to hydrocracking but without changing its molecular weight.
byproduct: residual sulfur
42 gallons of crude oil
19.5 gallons of gasoline
9.2 gallons of diesel
4.1 gallons of kerosene-type jet fuel
2.3 gallons of heavy residual fuel oils
1.9 gallons of liquefied refinery gas
1.9 gallons of still gas
1.9 gallons of coke
1.3 gallons of asphalt and road oil
1.2 gallons of petrochemical feedstock
0.5 gallons of lubricant
0.2 gallons of kerosene
0.3 gallons of other
Collection of crude oil:
Thanks for listening!
-A process that economically converts raw crude oil into more-useful fuels and petrochemicals