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CMIN 301 (Su '17) T15 - Preaching OT Narrative

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Hartmut Scherer

on 7 June 2017

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Transcript of CMIN 301 (Su '17) T15 - Preaching OT Narrative

2 – Measure the width of
the river
Do not ignore the OT meaning and simply zoom off into the NT.
God promises the land to Abraham’s descendents in Genesis 12 (
big story
Israelites refuse to enter the promised land in Numbers 14
(individual story)
(individual stories) to the
big story
of the entire book and the whole OT
interpretive river
is often
OT Narrative

(Adapted from Zondervan Academic Resources for "Grasping God's Word)
Reading narratives
Look for connections with surrounding stories
Literary features of narratives
(What? How?) The sequence of events that ties together the story
(Who?) Characters carry the action and move the plot forward
Viewpoint of Narrator
(Why?) The narrator is the one responsible for conveying meaning to the readers through the story
Major literary technique used in OT narrative to develop the plot and move the story forward
When the narrator’s intended meaning is quite different from the surface meaning of an episode
Literary context – the big story
Do “Good Guys” always wear white hats?
Many theological principles derive from the main characters
Good guys?

Solomon Samson Gideon
God is a
central character
in OT narrative.
Let God be God!
How to interpret OT narratives
Make careful observations.
Search for connections.
Identify similarities between the situation of the biblical audience and us.
Does your theological principle (CIS) satisfy the following criteria:
- It should be

in the biblical text
- It should be

with the teaching of
the rest of Scripture
How does our principle fit with the rest of the Bible?
Analyze the literary and historical contexts.
Identify the overall story line for the book. Try to fit your narrative into the larger story.
Write out a statement of what the text meant to the biblical audience (CIT; subject, complement)
Does the NT
the theological principle?
The meaning in this step should be
applicable to any NT believer
Not every character is a hero and most characters exhibit both good and bad trait
Essential that we be able to discern good guys from bad guys
Bible deals with real life and real people. People are complex!
- It should be both

to both the biblical audience
and the contemporary
- It should

culturally bound
- It should be

and not tied to a
specific situation
3 Sermon Keys
Connect the audience into the historical setting
- God acted in human history
- Make OT events real in
the lives of the audience
Stories communicate differently than essays do
OT stories have a theological purpose
- OT stories connect with us at the emotional
and intellectual level
- Pull your audience into the story by presenting
practical lessons (drawn from the narrative)
- The story plot will drive the main structure
of your sermon
- The goal is to impact lives with the
reality of God and his will for us
Narrative is a literary form with sequential action.
Narrative shows us how (not) to live by the
actions of the characters
Nearly half of the OT
Reading OT narratives is a lot like reading the Gospels
Search for the details
Exposition or setting
Conflict or crisis
(When? Where?)
Backdrop of the story
Study “your” story in the
of the
surrounding stories

CIT (subject, complement), passage outline, CIS, truth outline -> sermon outline
5 – Apply the theological principle (CIS)
to individual Christians today
e) Make your applications detailed and extended, not vague and brief.
The application should be
to the meaning of the text and
to the contemporary audience
a) Identify
key elements
c) Run the truth through the various groups and life circumstances
b) Think where a
parallel situation
would show up in your own life
that includes all key elements
d) Develop mental pictures that apply the biblical concept
4 – Consult the Biblical Map
1 – Determine the
the text in
their town
3 – Cross the principlizing
bridge (CIS)
Be sure to remember the changes in covenants (we are no longer under the law of Moses)
- prepare a CIT (subject, complement)
Exodus 13:17-22
(Class activity)
- make observations (similarities and differences),
observe the literary and historical cultural context
- prepare a passage outline
- prepare a CIS (generalize your CIT)
- prepare a truth outline
How did God make sure that his people will arrive in the promised land?
Exodus 13:17-22
Compl. #1:
God led his people an indirect route because they were not prepared for fighting battles.
(Adapted from Donald Sunukjian,
Invitation to Biblical Preaching
, p. 48f)
Compl. #2:
God encouraged Israel with two visible signs on their way to the promised land.
God made sure that his people will arrive in the promised land by leading them an indirect route and encouraging them with two visible signs.
Sometimes God leads us on a path of his choosing in order to safely get us to our promised destination, and along the way he gives us continual reminders of his good intentions and a tangible sense of his presence.
(better memorable) God leads us on a path of his choosing in order to safely get us to our promised destination.
Passage Outline (short)
I. God purposefully took Israel from Goshen to
Canaan by an indirect route (13:17-18).
II. The reason for God’s indirect leading was that
Israel would encounter war on the straight-line
path and would never reach their destination
III. As Israel embarked on this uncharted journey in
the opposite direction, God encouraged them in
two ways (13:19-22).
Truth Outline
I. God sometimes deliberately takes us on a zigzag
path to the good plans he has for us.
II. The reason for this zigzag path is because some
obstacle on the straight-line path would keep us
from reaching the goal.
III. As we proceed along this zigzag path, God
encourages us in two ways.
A. He encourages us with continual reminders of his
good intentions.
B. He encourages us with a tangible sense of his
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