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Mammals, Reptiles, and Amphibians of the Texas Blackland Prairie

A presentation outlining the many species of Mammals, Reptiles, and Amphibians that are native to the Texas Blackland Prairies
by

Miles O

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of Mammals, Reptiles, and Amphibians of the Texas Blackland Prairie

Mammals, Reptiles, and Amphibians of the Texas Blackland Prairie Mammals Coyote Hispid Cotton Rat Nine-Banded Armadillo Woodhouse's Toad Bufo woodhousii Canis Latrans Coyotes are primarily nocturnal predatory canines
They are found throughout Texas, and in much of the contiguous United States and parts of Western Canada Sigmodon hispidus Mostly herbivores, but also eat insects and the eggs and young of small birds
Nocturnal
Lives all over Texas as well as much of the Southern United States Dasypus novemcinctus Armadillos live all over Texas, except for the far West Trans-Pecos Region
They primarily eat insects and grubs, but will occasionally eat berries and bird eggs
They are really good diggers And it is the Texas state small mammal! 13-Lined Ground Squirrel Lives in Central North America
Gets name from the 13 alternating black-and-white stripes on its back
Hibernates for 240 days
Initially lived in short grass prairies, but moved into the Texas tall grass prairies Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Eastern Cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus The most common rabbit species in Texas
They are found in the US east of the Rockies, and from Southern Canada to South America
The cottontail serves as a vital element of the food chain, and is prey for many prairie predators Reptiles Prairie Kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Usually 24-42 inches long
Reclusive, Non-venomous constrictors
Found in East Texas, and from Indiana south to Texas, and East to Virginia
Prey on other snakes, rodents, lizards and frogs
When they feel threatened, they will vibrate their tail even though this makes little to no sound Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata They are "dry land" turtles, and can be found far from a water body
They can be found from Wisconsin to Louisiana and West to Colorado
They are omnivores and will eat a variety of foods - berries, insects, other invertebrates, grasses, carrion, vegetables and other fruits Western Slender Glass Lizard Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus It is known to confuse humans who at first think it a lizard (from the name), then a snake (from the picture), then find out it actually is a legless lizard Preys primarily on insects and spiders
Ranges from Texas north to Wisconsin, and east to Arkansas
When captured it will thrash vigorously, causing part of the tail to fall off, momentarily distracting a predator
It is called a glass lizard because its tail will "shatter" and break into many pieces, distracting a predator
Typically about 3 feet long Grow to a maximum of 5 inches
Eat insects
Found throughout the US as several different subspecies (There are a lot of animals living on the prairie and it would take a very long time to show all of them, but these should give you a pretty good idea of the types of wildlife that live on the Texas Blackland Prairie) The End! And we miss these guys...
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