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Living in the Year 2025

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Abbie Jo Madson

on 6 December 2017

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Transcript of Living in the Year 2025

Katherine Bouska, Abbie Jo Madson, Alexis Olson
Living in the Year 2025

Sedentary
Lifestyles

Preventing Chronic Diseases with
Diet Alterations
more time spent today doing activities that limit physical activity and requires prolonged sitting
Implications
Could the American Diet play a role?
Typical American Diet-
low in vegetables, fruits and whole grains
very high in saturated fats, refined grain
lack essential nutrients (FDA)
Prevalence of Chronic
Disease in America
Leading cause of death in America
7/10 deaths are due to chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and cancer (CDC)
"Disease and Disadvantage in the United States and in England Study" (Banks)
The future of chronic disease?
The Impact of Diet on the Immune System
80% of the immune system is located in the digestive system
Diet directly impacts the strength of one’s immune system
Building Tolerance and Resistance
Using drugs for a prolonged amount of time reduces effectiveness
Case Study
Problems:
Interactions between medications
Treating side effects with medications
Case results:
Sources
Church, T. S., Thomas, D. M., et al. (2011). Trends over 5 Decades in U.S. Occupation-Related Physical Activity and Their Associations with Obesity. PLoS ONE, 6(5). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019657

Designed to Move. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from http://www.designedtomove.org

Ellison, J. M. (October 10, 2017). Is Weight a Risk Factor for Alzheimer’s Disease? BrightFocus Foundation. Retrieved December 2, 2017, from https://www.brightfocus.org/alzheimers/article/weight-risk-factor-alzheimers-disease

Owen, N., Sparling, P. B., et al. (2010). Sedentary Behavior: Emerging Evidence for a New Health Risk. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 85(12), 1138-1141. doi:10.4065/mcp.2010.0444

Segal, L. M., Rayburn, J., Beck, S. E. (2017). The State of Obesity: Better Policies for a Healthier America. Washington, DC: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

“Chronic Disease Overview” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 28 June 2017, www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/overview/index.htm.

Banks, James, et al. “Disease and Disadvantage in the United States and in England.” Jama, vol. 295, no. 17, Mar. 2006, p. 2037., doi:10.1001/jama.295.17.2037.

“Food Labeling: Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts” Food and Drug Administration, 21 CFR Part 101, 27 May 2016, https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/food-labeling-revision-of-the-nutrition-facts-labels.

FDA. “Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.” United States Department of Health and Human Services, May 2010, www.cnpp.usda.gov/sites/default/files/dietary_guidelines_for_americans/2010DGACReport-camera-ready-Jan11-11.pdf.

Braoudaki, M, and A C Hilton. “Adaptive Resistance to Biocides in Salmonella Enterica . ……..and Escherichia Coli O157 and Cross-Resistance to Antimicrobial Agents.” Journal . of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 42, no. 1, Jan. 2004, pp. 73–78.

Carpenter, Siri. “The Epidemic of Overmedication.” NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group, ……..17 Nov. 2008.

Insel, Thomas. “Post by Former NIMH Director Thomas Insel: Are Children Overmedicated?” ……..National Institute of Mental Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 6 ……..June 2014.

Schmidt, Dieter. “Strategies to Prevent Overtreatment with Antiepileptic Drugs in Patients with ……..Epilepsy.” Science Direct, 15 Nov. 2002.

“Therapeutic Drug Use.” Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 13 Nov. 2017.













Abbie Jo Madson
Sugar Presence
Typical American Diet continued-
consume too many calories from added sugars
74% of products in the U.S. food supply contain added sugar (Popkin)
mandatory declaration of added sugars on the label (FDA)
difference between added sugars and natural sugars

Convenience and Availability
Convenience:
Rely on convenience of processed or bagged foods
Detrimental effects on health
Availability to whole foods
42.2 million food-insecure Americans lack adequate access to whole foods (CDC)
Make whole foods more easily attainable for the entire population
Necessary Interventions
Governmental actions
Buckle down on the high levels of sugar consumption
Exponential growth in sales of added sugar products
Presence of sugar in the US food supply
Active Shift
Become active consumers
Away from the convenience of a processed foods diet --> more whole foods diet
Takes active participation by government, teachers, parents and children to decrease the 7/10 deaths due to chronic disease
Overview
Sedentary lifestyles, poor diets, over medication
Health Implications
Potential Solutions
What will life in 2025 look like?
1960s vs. 2017
Shorter Life Expectancy
http://www.designedtomove.org/
Life in 2025?
In 2009, 11.9% of Americans were using 5 or more medications within a month
Interactions between medications
6 medications and vitamin supplements
improved mental function
higher energy
ailments being treated such as acid reflux disappeared
***To get the same results over time, the dosage must increase
Antibiotic Resistance
Within an individual
Future Impacts
Resistance to one drug has longer effects
Stay informed
Analyze results and ingredients
Stop using medications when they are no longer necessary
Conclusion
***To get the same results over time, the dosage must increase
As the rates of obesity and chronic diseases increase in America, our nation's tendency to over-medicate will only increase if there are not actions to prevent the root causes of the diseases by integrating more physical activity and improving overall dietary lifestyles.
SIDE EFFECTS
treated instead of the root problem
To Avoid Overmedicating...
Antibiotic Resistance
Full transcript