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Inside look at the causes of World War 1
Transcript of Inside look at the causes of World War 1
Germany's and France's armies had doubled between 1870 and 1914. Militarism All of Europe saw the rise of Germany as a threat due to its determination to be THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM This was a brand new type of battleship.
It meant ALL other ships were trash. Why were tensions building up in Europe from 1900 to 1914? There were four main reasons that we will be discussing on the following presentation. SO SIT AND ENJOY. M.A.I.N These are four important reasons for the anger and feuding in Europe. Militarism Alliances & Arms Race Imperialism Nationalism The tendency to regard military efficiency as the supreme ideal of the state and to subordinate all other interests to those of the military. France and Germany were having a heated competition over who controlled the sea. The Naval Race was just one example of Militarism. VS. As a result, nations began forming alliances to protect themselves from other countries changing their way of life Two Great Alliances are Formed The Triple Entente The Triple Alliance Britain Russia Germany Austria-Hungary Italy France The Alliance System made European politics complex. No country could be neutral and a war would involve everybody. The Arms Race Germany and Britain were in sync with each other when it came to the amount of dreadnoughts they owned. The Germans were far behind the British in terms of their number of ships. Therefore, it is thought that Germany would had never caught up with Britain. Imperialism By 1900 the British Empire extended over 5 continents and France owned big chunks of Africa This increased the rivalry with Germany who started colonizing after them and only acquired small areas of Africa. The Race for Empires All of the European nations wanted global empires and set out to gain COLONIES across the globe. There were were often disagreements because of this. Good examples were the FASHODA CRISIS of 1898 and the AGADIR CRISIS of 1905. Nationalism Every European nation was confident in themselves (their power) and all of the big 6 thought they were the best. In Britain this was called JINGOISM. It created a culture of immense confidence and pride of your country. The Rise of Germany Germany had been formed in 1870 It was a very ambitious country and wanted to rise to be number ONE. Kaiser Wilhelm II He became leader of Germany in 1882. He was a vain, jealous and aggressive man who wanted Germany to *have her place in the sun* Britain 1900-14 Britain tried to avoid taking part in European politics It was more interested in its world empire which was defended by its huge Navy. Germany challenges Britain The German Kaiser was very envious of Britain's global power. In 1900 he started the construction of the German battle fleet to challenge Britain. Britain saw this as a direct challenge, and this started the naval arms race. European Tension 1900-14 No one event caused tension. It was a combination of small disagreements that continually had nations against nations Because of the Alliance System it was only a matter of time before something started a big fight started. 1914 brought that event The Crisis in the Balkans Toward the end of 1913, a problem sparked in Serbia This was a small nationin the Balkans that wanted independence The Serbian Question Serbia was controlled by Austria- Hungary. They wanted to separate from them but the Austrians did not want to lose them. The Serbs gained support from Russia in their fight. Therefore two opposing alliances were in different sides of the conflict. The Assassination in Sarajevo In July 1914, the heir to the Austrian throne - Archduke Franz Ferdinand- went to Sarajevo to inspect Austrian troops. His wife Sophie came along with him. A Serbian organization known as the Black hand had decided to assassinate both of them The Assassin was name Gavrib Princip The Assassination Both Ferdinand and Sophie were killed in the attack. This was the last straw for Emperor Franz Josef of Austria. He declared war on Serbia and was determined to crush them The Assassination in Sarajevo The Slide into War Austria asked for Germany to back them up against Serbia. As a result of Germany being involved, France joined the fight. Therefore, both Austria and Germany started to mobilize against France Britain had to support the French due to the Entente Cordiale. The policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies. The desire for national advancement or independence. Competition between countries to achieve superiority in quantity and quality of military arms. A formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes. So if all this didn't teach you anything of the causes of World War 1, here are two brief videos that are bound to help.