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nel grey

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Sculpture

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The art of making three-dimensional figures ang shapes.

The word Sculpture originated from the Latin word "Sculpere" meaning to carve.

Sculpture is concurrently referenced as the most traditional and the most innovative of the visual arts.

Sculpture can also be defined as an artistic medium in so much as it acts as a mode of communication through which the artist emotionally and intellectually expresses himself to the audience (Diana Konopka Winter 2003).

Sculpture is an artwork done by casting, modeling, assembling, chiseling and constructing materials into figures or forms.
1. Prehistoric Period (Stone Age) - Stone age men sculpted objects from ivory, horn, bone and stone.
2. Greek Period (Ancient Greece;BCE) - Ancient Greek monumental sculpture was composed almost entirely of marble or bronze.
3. Roman Period (The sack of Syracuse 214- 212 BC) - Imitation of the Greek's Scuplture.
4. Medieval Period (Middle Age) - Sculptures were produced by barbaric civilizations, made of wood, gold, and ivory. Their works were small and light and done in the tradition of nomadic and semi nomadic populations.
5. Renaissance Period (14th to the 17th century) - Transformations of works into classical art.
6. Barouque Period
“Barouque as restless, dynamic style with diagonals and floating curved lines, its striking chiaroscuro, and its sensous textural effects set its stamp on sculpture and architecture.”
7. Classic Period (Reign of King Louis XIV)
-Formal discipline of the artists is already practiced through the French Academy that King Louis XIV had founded. The academy established Classism as the official style of the court.
8. Rococo Period (rocoille French word meaning shell or cloth) - They apply the Hedonistic style, In this period is an extension of the barouque art in its ornamental aspect.
9. Realist and Naturalist Period (Era of Thruth)
- The time when Sculptors presented their works as they appear in reality. The good and evil appear realistically.
10. Modern Period - Sculptors experimented not only in style but also in mediums.
Brief history about Sculpture
Relief sculpture
Free standing sculpture
Kinetic sculpture
Assemblage sculpture
types of sculpture
relief sculpture
is sculpture in which images are set against a flat background. A coin is a good example of relief sculpture: the inscription, the date, and the figure--sometimes a portrait of a statesman—are slightly raised above a flat surface. When the image is only slightly raised, as with the coin, the sculpture is called low relief or bas-relief. The ancient Egyptians sometimes carved figures into a flat surface. This type of carving is known as sunken relief. Statues that are almost three-dimensional but still are attached to backgrounds are regarded as high relief.
sunk relief
Free standing sculpture
also known as sculpture in-the-round, likely represents the form of sculpture most recognizable to modern people. - is any work of sculpture which can be viewed from any angle around the pedestal. This kind of sculpture includes some of the most famous works of sculpture throughout time: the statuary works of the Greek, Roman, Medieval and Classical eras, including Michelangelo's David.
Kinetic sculpture
free-standing sculpture that moves, either by mechanical power or under the power of wind or water. Fountains are a form of kinetic sculpture, although in that special case the sculpture is not powered by the water but lives within the shapes and forms of the water as it arcs over and through the air.
Assemblage sculpture
Another more modern form of sculpture is known as Assemblage sculpture, which is sculpture pieced together from found or scavenged items that have little or no relationship to one another. Contemporary Art Dialogue's website defines assemblage art as "non- traditional sculpture, made from re-combining found objects. Some of these objects are junk from the streets." These pieced-together bits of castoff debris are arranged in an aesthetically pleasing shape to the artist and then presented to its audiences to provoke thought and reaction. Collages are a sort of two-dimensional representation of assemblage sculpture.
Famous sculptors in the Philippines
Guillermo Tolentino
45-foot pylon and figures cast in bronze. located in Caloocan City, Metro Manila at the intersections of Samson Road, McArthur Highway, Rizal Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos (EDSA) Highway. It is his sculptural masterpiece portraying numerous figures around an obelisk that includes events leading up to the formation of the revolutionary group named "Kataastaasang Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan" or Katipunan/KKK for short led by Andrés Bonifacio. The three steps leading to the monument represents the three centuries of Spanish rule (333 years), while the octagonal base with the 8 rays of the sun from the Philippine flag symbolizes the eight key provinces (as written on the surrounding pavement) where Martial Law was first declared by the Governor-General when the Katipunan held major uprisings there against the Spanish authorities - the very location of this monument. actually depicting the place of the first such encounter by Andrés Bonifacio and the Katipunan with the Spanish colonial army on August 3, 1896.
The Oblation is a sculpture and the iconic symbol of the University of the Philippines -

- a "completely nude figure of a young man with outstretched arms and open hands, with tilted head, closed eyes and parted lips murmuring a prayer, with breast forward in the act of offering himself",

Commissioned on 1935 by Guilermo Tolentino

It symbolizes selfless offering of one's self to his country.

The bronze-colored concrete sculpture is 3.5 meters in height

A leaf called siempreviva (always living) and locally known as kataka-taka (literally means "startling") covers the oblation's genitals. Kataka-taka has a characteristic of starting shoots from its very leaf. The sculptor, said that the leaf symbolizes "the deep-rooted patriotism in the heart of our heroes".

The rocky base represents the rugged Philippine archipelago.
Napoleon Abueva
He is known as the "Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture" and recipient of the most prestigious award, National Artist of the Philippines in 1976 in the fields of Visual Arts (sculpture). He is known also as master of both academic representational style and modern abstract.
Abueva utilized almost all kinds of materials from hard wood (molave, acacia, langka wood, ipil, kamagong, palm wood and bamboo) to adobe, metal, stainless steel, cement, marble, bronze, iron, alabaster, coral and brass.
Sandugo Monument (Blood Compact) in Tagbilaran City, Bohol
UP Oblation
Wooden relief sculpture of St. James
Rey Paz Contreras
He is an outstanding Filipino sculptor working with urban refuse and ecological materials as artistic media. He surprised the art scene with his intoxication with ethnic motifs and his insistence to use the pre-historic forms to make unbridled and contemporary comments on Philippine society. He is encouraged by the native Filipino traditions and creates visual forms that discover a distinct Filipino aesthetic.
Through the years, Contreras has experimented on non-traditional art materials in his quest for contemporary Filipino art. Aside from the travieza, he explored using logging refuse (roots and branches) in order to pave way for reforestation efforts and to help organize backyard industry to onion farmers who supplied and eventually were trained to use the hardwood refuse salvaged from the river as art material. After the devastating Mount Pinatubo eruption, Contreras experimented on using the volcanic rocks and lahar to sculpt human figures reminiscent of the indigenous Aeta and lowland communities.
Famous Sculptures in th Philippines
U.P. Oblation
Jose Rizal Monument
The Rizal Monument originally called the Motto Stella (Guiding star) is a memorial monument in Rizal Park in Manila, Philippines built to commemorate the Filipino nationalist, José Rizal. The mausoleum consists of a standing bronze sculpture of the martyr, with an obelisk as his backdrop, set on a pedestal upon which his remains are interred. A plaque on the pedestal front reads: "To the memory of José Rizal, patriot and martyr, executed on Bagumbayan Field December Thirtieth 1896. This monument is dedicated by the people of the Philippine Islands".
The perimeter of the monument is in a continuous ritual guarding by the Philippine Marine Corps’ Marine Security and Escort Group. About a 100 m (330 ft) west of the monument is the exact location where Rizal was executed represented by life-size dioramas of his final moments.
The People Power Monument
The People Power Monument is a sculpture of towering people commemorating the People Power Revolution of 1986 located on the corner of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue or EDSA and White Plains Avenue in Quezon City.[1] It was made by Eduardo Castrillo in 1993. It is about 0.89 kilometers from the EDSA Shrine, another monument built to commemorate the event.
Tomas Morato
It was designed by the late Florante Caedo, the famed Filipino sculptor.
The memorial was put up at the end of Quezon City’s Tomas Morato Street, which also crosses Timog Avenue.
This circular monuments has 24 statues bearing the likenesses of the 24 delegates.
QUEZON CITY, METRO MANILA – Forty-nine years ago, a plane going to Athens, Greece crashed in the ocean of Bombay, India, killing 62 passengers including 24 members of the Philippine Boy Scout delegation going to the 11th Boy Scout World Jamboree in Marathon, Athens.
General Douglas MacArthur Park,
Our Lady of EDSA
The Shrine of Mary, Queen of Peace, Our Lady of EDSA, or more popularly, the EDSA Shrine is a small church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila located at the intersection of Ortigas Avenue and EDSA in Quezon City. The shrine, built in 1989 originally to commemorate the memories of the People Power Revolution and its peaceful outcome, stands on the site of two peaceful demonstrations that toppled Philippine presidents Ferdinand Marcos (the People Power Revolution or EDSA I) and Joseph Estrada (the EDSA Revolution of 2001 or EDSA II). It is officially called the "Shrine of Mary, Queen of Peace" or "Our Lady of Peace Quasi-Parish", .
Guillermo Estrella Tolentino (1890-1976) represents the National Artist Awards forSculpture in 1973. He is consider as the "Father of Philippine Arts" because of his great works like the famous "Bonifacio Monument" symbolizing Filipinos cry for freedom located in intersection of EDSA and Rizal Avenue and "The Oblation" in UP signifying academic freedom .
Distinct Characteristics of Philippine Sculpture
Philippine sculpture had a striking similarity with the Egyptian sculpture which is characterized by frontal nudity. Their difference lies in the symbolism behind the figure.
The original function of sculpture was religious especially in relation to ceremonies and beliefs.
It is an upright nude figure for both female and male carved in a standing or sitting position
it pervades the daily life of the ethnic groups in our country with its figurative form of frontal nudity
(frontal nudity)
Philippine sculpture had a striking similarity with the Egyptian sculpture which is characterized by frontal nudity. Their difference lies in the symbolism behind the figure.
(sculpture with the integration of architecture)
Woodcarving comes in ornamental form in the houses of the Maranao like that of the "torogan" which features the "panolong", an extended beam carved with the Sarimanok or the Naga design.
Group III:
Marinel Dela Vega
Jolina Camartin
Anarene Villegas
Deborah Langres
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