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Barriers to Learning: English as a Second Language (ESL)

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Xiomara Torres

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Barriers to Learning: English as a Second Language (ESL)

Barriers to Learning: English as a Second Language (ESL)
English as a Second Language
ESL effect on Students
Programs and Organizations created
Definition
English as a Second Language
also known as ESL is the use
or study of English by speakers
with other native languages.
This term is commonly misused because English is usually not the second language students are trying to learn.
Common terms used around the country
English Language Learner (ELL) is a common term used around the country that has gained acceptance because the term 'ELL' connects all students regardless of their linguistic backgrounds, as students who are here to learn English.
English language teaching (ELT) is a widely used teacher-centered term.
Teaching English as a second language (TESL), teaching English to speakers of other languages.
English for academic purposes (EAP).

Effects on People
A common struggle for people who do not speak English is to communicate what they want or even get necessary information regarding products or services.
ESL generates negative emotional and cognitive responses, and prevents people from taking certain actions such as seeking necessary information or complaining about service failures.
These people struggle with not only reading and writing English but as well as listening and speaking to others.
Many people become to feel as an outcast in the world and limit themselves to the people they interact with and in many cases become antisocial.
Learning Barriers
In many cases students get so focused on the grammar that they get nervous and don't bother to learn how to speak English.
According to the National Center for Education Statistics, the number of children between the ages of five and 17 who did not speak English at home grew from 4.7 million in 1980 to 11.2 million in 2009.
They have discovered that children are approximately 12 years old before they fully master their native language meaning it is difficult for a child to succeed as a language minority student without having a solid foundation in his first language.
Negative effect on Students
Many students experience emotional stress while trying to learn English which leads to performing poorly in school and attaining very low and bad grades.
In many cases the student is required to repeat a grade because they are so behind in school work assignments due to not understanding it.
Many students tend to give up and not try because they are afraid of being laughed at by their classmates.
Continue
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization discovered that 50 percent of students who dropped out of school did not speak the language in which they were being educated.
Research done has also proven that students learning English as a second language are at an increased risk of graduating late or dropping out of high school.
Detail 4
Lifting the Barriers
Language barriers can cause many negative effects on a student but they can be successfully overcome.
Teachers can help the student by using techniques such as highlighting and discussing academic vocabulary before introducing the lesson.
Providing the same material at an easier reading level, and using clear, simple language when describing new concepts.
Building a relationship with the students and their parents allows for trust and respect to be gain.
Many schools, churches and communities have created programs to allow these students to succeed in school.
ESOL Classes
Just about every elementary, middle and high school across America have established an ESOL Class.
This class is their to assist students who are learning English as a second language.
The teacher is there to help the student with homework, during a test or any other obstacle the student may be experiencing due to not understanding the material or teacher.
After school or before school tutoring is allowed for these students.
Programs
Many schools, churches and communities have created programs to allow these students to succeed in school.
Full transcript