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Life in the Ghettos During the Holocaust

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by

Nahi Nadra

on 17 February 2014

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Transcript of Life in the Ghettos During the Holocaust

"A ghetto is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live,
especially because of social, legal, or economic pressure."

"During World War II, ghettos were city districts (often enclosed) in which the Germans concentrated the municipal and sometimes regional Jewish population and forced them to live under miserable conditions."
"The Germans established at least 1,000 ghettos in German-occupied and annexed Poland and the Soviet Union alone. German occupation authorities established the first ghetto in Poland in Piotrków Trybunalski in October 1939."



Background Information on Ghettos:
There are 3 types of ghettos:

There are

CLOSED ghettos,

OPEN ghettos,

and DESTRUCTION ghettos.

The largest ghetto was the Warsaw ghetto
in Poland. More than
400,000
Jews were
crowded into an area of only
1.3
square miles.

The Germans made the Jews living in the ghettos wear identification badges or armbands and also required many Jews to perform forced labor for the German Reich.

Life in the Ghettos During the Holocaust:
Life in the Ghettos:
Life in the ghettos was not fun, nor easy.
Overcrowding was common and one apartment could have several families living inside.
Pluming broke down and human waste was thrown with the garbage. It was also very unsanitary, allowing contagious diseases to spread very quickly.
People where also always hungry.
The Germans deliberately tried to starve
their residents. Some residents had money or
valuables and traded them for smuggled food in desperation. Others were forced to beg or steal in order to fill their own and family's empty stomachs.
Heating supplies was also scarce and many people lacked of proper clothing. The starving, or weakened by the cold became targets for disease.
Ten of thousands of people in ghettos died from starvation, cold, or disease. Some people became so upset with their own "hopeless lives" that they killed themselves to escape it.
Every day, children became orphans. Many had the responsibility of taking care of their younger siblings after the death of their parents. Orphans usually lived on the street and begged for bread from others. Many eventually froze to death in the winter.
In order to survive and provide for their families,
small children crawled through the narrow openings of the Ghetto wall. They smuggled out food at the cost of being severely punished if found.
Ghetto Wall
Children Going Over the Wall
Many young people tried to continue their education in the ghettos by attending classes organized by adults in many ghettos. "Since such classes were usually held secretly, in defiance of the Nazis, pupils learned to hide books under their clothes when necessary, to avoid being caught."

People Going Through the Wall
Children in the Ghetto:
Children still had toys in the ghettos beside of all the death and suffering. Some had originally brought treasured trucks or dolls with them while others made toys with whatever they could find. Bits of cloth, wood, and even the tops of empty cigarette boxes (which were turned into playing cards) were used as entertainment.
In conclusion,

life in the ghettos seems horrible. It broke my heart to imagine the poor and starving and the orphaned children begging for food. The picture of this little girl's face from a ghetto in Warsaw bothers me the most. She seems upset, helpless, and scared all at once. I hope that no one in the world is ever treated like this again and if someone is, we should put a stop to it because it is wrong.
Bibliography:
http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007708






http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005059




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghetto



THE END

Full transcript