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Julia Hagan

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of STAINED GLASS

"Stained Glass"
The well-known name for the glass used in the process of creating colored windows is "stained glass". The term usually used to describe this is a "misnomer". Stained glass is more the outcome of a procedure rather than glass itself. It is constructed by painting upon a glass (clear or colored) with the oxide of silver. This penetrates the glass when exposed to heat and gives off a yellowish reaction. For constructing a stained glass window, a diversity of glass can be used, but most of the time only one kind is employed.
The Beginning of Stained Glass
Gothic Stained Glass
The medieval Church was the most prominent patron of the arts.
During the Gothic period, stain glass windows went from simple to complicated. They began to be an intricate iconography.
As it advanced, it began to use symbolism derived from bestiaries (also called "unnatural history") and on complex typology.
The image of heraldry in these stained glass windows indicate the growing significance of nonreligious families.
As the advancement of stained glass windows continued, the emergence of recently developed religious orders said that more buildings were needed. Therefore, many cathedrals and churches were constructed with these windows.
The Gothic style also progressed outside of France at this time.
The stained glass window inside of the Cathedral of Lausanne in Switzerland portrays a distinct French influence.
The international Gothic style made its way to Vienna and Prague late.
The earliest known stained glass that survived is in Assisi, Italy. It is the work of German glaziers.
In the Cathedral of Siena, the oculus is called the "first modern window".
In this circled stained glass, the subjects are considered as detached scenes.
Renaissance Stained Glass in Catholic Churches and Cathedrals
Gothic Stained Glass Windows In Catholic Churches and Cathedrals
Renaissance stained glass is very different than the period prior to it.
The main theme of Renaissance stained glass windows is biblical.
Stained glass windows continued to become more elaborate during this period, just as it progressed during the Gothic times.
Stained glass was found in secular buildings during the Renaissance period.
During this period, the way craftsmen worked on the glass also advanced.
Designers began to illustrate their ideas on and then deliver them to numerous clients.
Silver stain, flashed glass and colored enamels were often used by artists.
The "diamond cutter" was also used to allow the designers to make their stained glass bigger or more complex.
The Renaissance style thrived early unlike the Gothic that arrived late to Italy.
This technique was advocated by popular artists.
Some artists who showed interest were Filippino Lippi, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Simone Martini, Taddeo Gaddi, Pietro Pergugino, Donatello and Paolo Ucello.
Spain had no early custom of stained glass because Moorish profession (the Moors) restricted Christian church building.
The Renaissance is its golden age.
Italian, Flemish and French glaziers constructed the craft once the Moors left.
The Romans varnished glass into windows in the first century AD. At this time, their glass was inconsistent and was nontransparent.
One of the oldest examples of numerous pieces of glass put together to create a glass window were excavated at St. Paul's Monastery in England, established in 688 AD.
The oldest European windows that are completely finished are in Augsburg Cathedral.
Lewis F. Day believes that Byzantine, Moorish or Arabian glass could have began around the 10th century AD.
It is regarded by others that Arabian glass windows began to be known around the second half of the 13th century.
In 1878 in a burial ground that was deserted around 1000 AD at Sery les Mezieres, France, Jules Pilloy discovered about 30 pieces of glass that were hurt from an apparent fire, a lead strip with two channels and a small slab of bone surrounded some charred wood. Edmond Socard laid out the glass into a small, simple window. This work of art was well-liked from the sixth to the ninth centuries.
Pieces of a very early head of Christ were revealed at Lorsch Abbey in Germany in 1932.
Romanesque architecture is more constant than the stained glass that enhances it.
Today Romanesque windows seem to look darker because of corrosion.
The primitive stained glass windows are more straightforward looking and uncommon. They portray widely known saints or stories from the Bible.
High regard for the Virgin Mary is often seen at this time and in Romanesque art, she is frequently represented as queen.
The windows use stylized vegetal ornament and ornamental beading around the scenes and figures.
The colors are red and blue are mostly used in Romanesque art.
This method of stained glass appearsd to have expanded from cloisonne enamels and smaller paintings.
Few Romanesque windows remain today.
Those that do remain are frequently found in books as illustrations.
Romanesque Stained Glass
"The Great Crucifixion"
from Poitiers Cathedral
Romanesque Stained Glass
Parts of the Ascension Scene from Le Mans Cathedral
The Fascade Windows and La Belle Verriere from Chartres Cathedral
The Great Figures in the Choir Clerestories of Canterbury Cathedral
Renaissance Stained Glass
The Symbolism of Colors in Stained Glass Windows in the Catholic Church
White & gold
signify purity and light.
symbolizes mourning.
stands for hope.
symbolizes blood of the martyrs and fire.
signifies penitence.
is traditionally associated with the Blessed Virgin Mary.
However, blue is not an official liturgical color.
Panel in Stained Glass Window of Chartres Cathedral
Panel 1
"The Incredulity of Thomas"
This scene shows where the Thomas, the apostle, thrusts his finger into Christ's side-wound.
Panel in Stained Glass Window of Chartres Cathedral
Panel 14
"An angel shows God the rich palace Thomas was building his brother in heaven"
The acts of charity Thomas was doing in the King's name was 'paying for' the spectacular palace that would have awaited the king once he passed away.



Julia Hagan (Pd. 1)
Full transcript