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wine 101

1 hour wine 101

Maite Kuhns

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of wine 101

Parasole Wine 101 The Wonderful


Of Wine The Grape
Vitis Vinifera aka Chardonnay / Cabernet
Vitis Labrusca aka
Concord Wine gets its flavor from:
1. The grape
2. Fermentation process
3. Maturation & Aging Separate sheet THE GRAPE Why does climate play such an important role? California Oregon Washington North American Viticulture California - Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Viognier, Syrah & Zinfandel North American Wine Wine is an alcoholic beverage Wine is 8,000 years old Wine grapes are grown around the world 40 Billion in retail sales in US Fermentation
Sugar + Yeast = Alcohol + CO2 Maturation & Aging
Barrel options FERMENTATION less than a week for red
a few weeks for white Sugar = the grape
Lots of sun = really ripe grapes
Really ripe grapes = more sugar
More sugar = higher alcohol
Higher alcohol = more body Table Wine 8 - 15%
Sparking Wine 8 - 12%
Fortified Wine 17 - 22% MATURATION & AGING Wood
Toast 800 different wine regions South American Viticulture Chile Argentina European Viticulture France Spain Italy Germany Worldy Viticulture South Africa New Zealand
Australia WINE 101 Maritime & Continental Oregon - Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris & Chardonnay Washington - Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Merlot & Syrah Labels:
Variety 75%
AVA 85% Vintage 95%
"Californian" 100%
Pinot from Oregon 100% South American Wine Chile - Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Cabernet, Merlot, Syrah & Carmienere Argentina - Malbec, Chardonnay, Torrontes, Syrah, Merlot, Tempranillo & Cabernet Sauvignon French Wine its all about the regions! Bordeaux RED Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot & Malbec Bordeaux WHITE Sauvignon Blanc & Semillon Burgundy RED Pinot Noir & Gamay Burgundy WHITE Chardonnay Rhone RED Grenache, Syrah & Mourvedre Champagne RED Pinot Noir & Pinot Meunier Champagne White Chardonnay Alsace WHITE Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris & Gewurztraminer Loire Valley WHITE Sauvignon Blanc (sancerre/pouilly fume) Chenin Blanc (vouvray) & Melon de Bourgogne (muscadet) Spanish Wine 7 regions
Rioja, Ribera del Duero, Rias Baixas, Rueda, Penedes, Priorat & Sherry RIOJA = tempranillo & garnacha
RIBERA del DUERO = tempranillo, garnacha,
cabernet sauvignon, malbec & merlot
RIAS BAIXAS = albarino
RUEDA = verdejo & viura
PENEDES = cava!
PRIORAT = $$$$ low yields & high demands
SHERRY = sherry Italian Wine Top 3 regions producing wine are: Veneto 18% Piedmont 17% Tuscany 11% VENETO = Amarone, Valpolicella, Bardolino & Soave PIEDMONT = Dolcetto, Barbera & Nebbiolo TUSCANY = Chianti, Super Tuscan, Brunello di Monalcino & Carmignano German Wine RIESLING!! Pradikatswein Levels Qualitatswien QbA Kabinett, Spatlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Eiswein & Trockenbeerenauslese Worldly Wines South Africa = chenin blanc, shiraz, cabernet sauvignon, sauvignon blanc, chardonnay & bordeaux blends New Zealand = sauvignon blanc, pinot noir & chardonnay Australia = shiraz, cabernet sauvignon, chardonnay & semillon Viticulture Principles Basic Wine Making Process The Vine Wine Sales Food & Wine Pairing 330 Million cases of wine consumed annually Mediterranean in Restaurants knowledge time goals why does it feel like it is so hard to learn?
Pairing Principles dominant flavor match the weight regional influence compare or contrast Wine Tasting Guidelines LOOK SMELL TASTE Cheers!

Let's drink! Describing what you are tasting Borrow vocabulary from

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