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What caused the North and South to take different paths in 1

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Kenneth Russell

on 9 March 2017

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Transcript of What caused the North and South to take different paths in 1

Climate and Geography
Warm, humid summers and cold snowy winters
Short growing season plus cold made farming difficult.
Clear, fast rivers
Coastline full of bays.
Cities develop near rivers and bays.
Cities develop as trading centers.
People begin to use waterpower to run factories
Population and Cities

Population of mostly from England and Scotland and enslaved Africans.
1/3 of the population were slaves.
Most southerners lived on small farms.
• Large farms called plantations
were owned by the wealthy few
who owned most of the slaves.
• Most southerners lived on farms.
• There were very few large cities.
• Plantations were self-sufficient
and became like small towns.
(Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Vermont, New Jersey)
Industrial Growth in the North and South
Industrial Revolution: 1700-1850
Southern Economics
Northern States
New Technology
Southern States
Spinning Jenny
Steam Engine
Steam Locomotive
Textile Mill

As an immigrant in 1840, which
part of the country (North or South) would
you head to and why?

The economy of the North was based on manufacturing.
Many immigrants from Europe began working in factories and producing goods used by people in the North.
Many factories began producing textiles (cloth) with the cotton grown in the South.
• The economy of the South was based on agriculture.
• Cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar cane.
• Cotton became the most important crop after Ely Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin.
• More slaves were now needed to pick the cotton.
• Slavery became essential to the South’s economy.
Life in the south

Culture in the south revolved around the plantation.
Only children of plantation owners received any education.
Slave codes prevented slaves from learning to read and write.
Slaves developed unique cultural practices such as spirituals to establish and preserve African American identity.

The culture of the North was determined by life in the cities.
Both religion and education were organized.
There were schools and churches in most towns.
Very few boys, and almost no girls went on to secondary school.
College was reserved for the wealthy.
Cities and Population
Huge population increase in the North between 1800 and 1860, mostly through immigration.
Irish, German, and other Europeans mostly settle in North.
Cities develop in North as centers of trade.
Factories were set up making textiles (cloth goods)
Increase in factory work brought more people to live in the cities.
Cities were crowded and dirty.
Public education begun in cities for first time.
Cities became important centers of art, culture, and education. Many city newspapers begun.
Checkpoint Question
What helped industrial growth in the North? (Be specific with evidence)
What helped Industrial growth in the south? Be specific (with evidence)
and Geography

Warm,with long summers, mild winters.
Lots of rain.
Fertile soil ideal for growing crops.

Important inventions and innovations

Cotton Gin
Mechanical Reaper

What helped industrial growth in the North? (Be specific with evidence)
Full transcript