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Transcript of Hittites
Hittites Kingdom Weapons and Warfare Major Cities Religious Beliefs Arts and Architecture Government Laws Leaders
•Centered in Hattusa; northern Anatolia; now Turkey
•Indo-European speaking people
•Encompassed by the bend of the Halys River
•The Old Hittite Kingdom (ca. 1750–1500 BC), the Middle Hittite Kingdom (ca. 1500–1430 BC) and the New Hittite Kingdom (the Hittite Empire proper, ca. 1430–1180 BC). •Battle of Kadesh: was fought between the Egyptian empire under Ramesses II and the Hittite empire under under Muwatalli II at the city of Kadesh on the Orontes River; now the Syrian Arab in 1274 BC.
•Chariot: a light, two-wheeled vehicle for one person, usually pulled by two horses and driven from a standing position. •Khattusha: Capital
•Discovered in 1834 by French architect Charles Texier
•2.1 km North to South
•1.3 km West to East •Worshipped the storm gods; Alalus
•Descendant of Ham through his son Canaan. (Genisis)
•Influenced by; Hattic, Mesopotamian, Babylonian, and Hurrian counterparts
•Gods were an many ways like humans except for when it came to the strength and powers (supernatural). •Specialized in carving and metal work
•Created gold/silver animals gods for worship
•Used cuneiform letters
•Architecture; city mostly made of stone •Labarnash; 1st Hittite king; early 18th c.
-Murshilish;made the farthest thrust south, capturing Aleppo and
later Mari and Babylon.
•Suppiluliuma II; son of Tudhaliya IV; last recorded king (1215-1200 BC) •Empire collapsed; 1160 BC
•Believed in an orderly system with rankings. Run by the king, all segments of the kingdom were assigned specific duties. •Laws were written on cuneiform tablets The Hittites are responsible for numerous inventions for example...
Discovered the use of Iron in 1800 B.C.
Discovered the use of Steel in 1400 B.C. by adding carbon to Iron
Invented the chariot in 1500 B.C. Inventions Hittites were Polytheistic which means they
believed in many Gods and Goddesses. Religion Examples: Arinna: The Sun Goddess
Shaushka: The Love Goddess
Teshub: Ruler God The Goddess Arinna
(Sun Goddess) - The early kings of the Hittites were elected and supported by an assembly of warriors called Pankush Hittites Code of Laws The Assyrians battled and won control of the the kingdom when they burnt it to the ground. Most historical records were destroyed because of the fire. The Downfall of the
Hittites Rivers of Babylon