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Copy of The Great Gatsby: Character Archetypes

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Kelli Harewood

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Great Gatsby: Character Archetypes

The Great Gatsby: Character Archetypes D.E.A.R. Archetypal characters that are recognized from culture to culture are evident in the characters throughout the novel. The archetypes in The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. emphasizes the heights and depths of human behavior Character Archetypes:
THE THESIS Hero
Villain;Devil
Mother/Father
Wise man
Trickster
Fool
Adventurer
Victim
Lover
Sinner
Saint List of Archetypes Women:
Temptress
Unfaithful Wife
Muse Archetypal Opposites Hero vs Villain The Mother and Father Wise man and The Fool The Saint and The Sinner Snow White and The Queen
Mufasa and Scar
Ursula and Poseidon
Shrek and Lord Farquaad
Peter Pan and Captain Hook
Cinderella and Evil Step mom
Woody and Lotso
Mulan and Hawk
Alice and Queen of Hearts
Dalmations and Cruela De Ville
Artitocats and Edgar
Beast and Gaston
Hercules and Hades Popular Culture:
Hero and Villain Bear and Panther
Sulli and Boo
Nemo and Marlin
Gru and Margo, Edith and Agnes Mother and Father Rapunzel and Flynn
Belle and The Beast
Tarzan and Jane
Hercules and Meghera
Ariel and Eric
Mulan and Shang
Jasmine and Aladdin The Lovers Rafiki and Timon and Pumbaa
Grandma and Mushu
Master Oogway and Po
Fairy Godmother and Mice Wise Man and Fool MOVIE!! BREAK TIME A little look inside The Great Gatsby Character Profiles A wealthy man from West Egg who is still in love with his old flame who is currently married. He spent his life becoming rich and sucessful in order to be able to marry a girl as rich as Dasiy. Jay Gatsby A man of average wealth who ends up living in the West Egg and becomes neighbours with the infamous Jay Gastby. After befriending him, Nick is set upon by Jay Gatsby to help him win back the heart of his one true love Daisy Buchanan Nick Carraway A beautiful and rich girl who marries Tom Buchanan long after the end of her relationship with Jay Gatsby. She remains sought after and soon has an affair with Jay Gatsby while married to her current husband, Daisy Buchanan A rich man who is married to Daisy Buchanan but is having an affair with Myrtle Wilson. Soon after Myrtle's death, Tom learns about the affair between Jay and Daisy and begins to fight for her back. Tom Buchanan A woman who is married to a man named George Wilson. He does not know that his wife is having an affair with Tom Buchanan and is devastated when she dies. Myrtle Wilson The father of Jay Gatsby. He is known for being an unsuccesful farmer and does not make an apperance in the book until after Jay dies. This is mainly because Jay was emancipated from his family in his mind. Henry Gatz a Jewish man Gatsby describes as a gangster/gambler who had fixed the World Series. Nick does not take a liking to Meyer especially after he does not show up to Jay's funeral Meyer Wolfsheim The modesty of the demand shook me. He had waited five years and bought a mansion where he dispensed starlight to casual moths--so that he could come over some afternoon to a stranger's garden (Fitzgerald 71). Jay Gatz "Daisy’s murmur was only to make people lean towards her, an irrelevant criticism that made it no less charming" (Fitzgerald 13) Daisy Buchanan "As he left the room again she got up and went over to Gatsby, pulling his face down, kissing him on the mouth" (Fitzgerald 122) "One of the chambermaids in the Santa Barbara Hotel" (Fitzgerald 32) Tom Buchanan- The Sinner "His eyes, seeing nothing, moved ceaselessly about the room." (Fitzgerald, 159)
"He seemed reluctant to put away the picture, held it for another minute, lingeringly, before my eyes." (Fitzgerald, 164) Henry Gatz-The Father Nick asks "'Was Daisy driving?' [Gatsby says] 'Yes,' he said after a moment, 'but of course I'll say I was. You see, when we left New York she was very nervous and she thought it would steady her to drive'". (Fitzgerald, 137) Nick Carraway - associated with light and daytime
- Courageous, merciful, justice, and usually strong
- Physical capability or psychologically smart
- Leader of a community
- can be a duke or king... etc.
- represents a society’s ideas at a particular moment in time
- in peace, the hero is admired for his mercy and justice The Hero - contrasts the hero
- associated with darkness and night-time
- Cunning, selfish, self-centered and has a lack of conscious
- Villain is like the hero The Villain; The Devil The Mother:
the nurturer
fertility, abundance
Earth mother figure
Is able to bear children
protect them from evil Mother and Father - an advisor or magician
- repository of knowledge and wisdom of the past
- has the ability to see into or to predict the future
- pass on knowledge to hero
- wise women were either praised
or called witches and executed
- the priest or medicine man The Wise Man The trickster is characterized as being mischievous, disorderly and amoral
He also can be a jester or con artist The Trickster He/she has very little common
sense and is very optimistic
They do not learn from their experiences
comic relief The Fool This character is usually physically and emotionally fit.
He/she discovers new land
sacrifice their family ties.
manly, daring and heroic.
questioning mind and spirit The Adventurer Or a scapegoat
a person who is made to or offers him or herself
can be weak or defenseless
may be willingly to agree to take the blame
may come from his/her understanding The Victim - ruled by the heart rather than the head
- governed by emotion, so he/she may make rash or illogical decisions
- May be driven by an ideal of love that endangers his/her everyday existence
- Person may give “all for love” and consider the exchange a bargain The Lover Temptress:
Destroys men who are attracted to her sensuality and beauty.
The Unfaithful Wife:
She is often married and turns to a more desirable man
as her lover.
The Muse
She inspires the mind and souls of men. This leads to a
relationship that is not physical. The Women: Temptress, Unfaithful Wife and Muse The Father:
Or the protector
Guards children
teaches them the ways of the world
usually stern, demanding obedience Someone who does good moral deeds
causes no harm
follows a moral code.
He/she is also and might be spiritual. Saint The Sinner breaks the moral code
they are also aware of how what they have done is wrong The Sinner "Meyer Wolfsheim? No, he’s a gambler." Gatsby hesitated, then added coolly: "He's the man who
fixed the World’s Series back in 1919." (Fitzgerald, 71) Meyer Wolfsheim-The Trickster "Making a short deft movement, Tom Buchanan broke her nose with his open hand (37). “His heart beat faster and faster as Daisy’s white face came up to his own. He knew that when he kissed this girl, and forever wed his unutterable visions to her perishable breath, his mind would never romp again like the mind of God. So he waited, listening for a moment longer to the tuning-fork that had been struck upon a star. Then he kissed her. At his lips’ touch she blossomed for him like a flower and the incarnation was complete. (Fitzgerald 134)” LE FIN! Exam Prep Hero
Villain;Devil
Mother/Father
Wise man
Trickster
Fool
Adventurer
Victim
Lover
Temptress
Muse
Unfaithful Wife
Sinner
Saint The characteristics of these archetypes help explore the depths and heights human kind. These characteristics help us understand the thought process of the characters in the Great Gatsby. The juxtaposition of the contrasting pairs help emphasize the characters actions and behaviors
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