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Chapter 5: Power

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on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 5: Power

Chapter 5: Power
Power and Empowerment

the ability to bring about an intended outcome, despite opposition

Power over (domination); Power to (empowerment)


an increase in the capacity of people to bring about an intended outcome
Hegemony: Defining Reality

condition when those in power spread their ideas and marginalized alternative viewpoints or their perspective and interests are accepted as universal and true
Inequality Matters
unequal distribution of resources among groups of people

Stratification system-
social structures and cultural norms that create and maintain inequality through hierarchy and unequal distribution of resources
Strategies for Empowerment
most effective and best known

unions, associations


- Power is everywhere

- Self-surveillance and self-regulation as prison (eating disorders, appearance)
special advantage or benefit that not everyone enjoys

- We tend to be unaware of our privileges

- We often do not "earn" privilege

- Concept is NOT intended to make you feel bad or guilty, but to become aware of our standing in society

study of interactions between various forms of inequality, especially, race, class, sexual orientation, and gender
- Not merely "adding" oppression
- Inequality shifts over time or context

Oppression Olympics-
when two or more groups compete to prove themselves more oppressed than the other
Stratified Systems
All stratified systems have:

- unequal resource distribution

- distinct groups

- justifying ideology
Caste vs. Class
Caste system-
stratification based on characteristics from birth

Class system-
stratification determined by economic position, a combination of achievement and characteristics from birth
- opportunity for social mobility
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