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Chapter 5: Power

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on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 5: Power

Chapter 5: Power
Power and Empowerment
Power-

the ability to bring about an intended outcome, despite opposition

Power over (domination); Power to (empowerment)

Empowerment-

an increase in the capacity of people to bring about an intended outcome
Hegemony: Defining Reality
Hegemony-

condition when those in power spread their ideas and marginalized alternative viewpoints or their perspective and interests are accepted as universal and true
Inequality Matters
Inequality-
unequal distribution of resources among groups of people

Stratification system-
social structures and cultural norms that create and maintain inequality through hierarchy and unequal distribution of resources
Strategies for Empowerment
Education-
most effective and best known

Organization-
unions, associations

Networking-

allies
Foucault
- Power is everywhere

- Self-surveillance and self-regulation as prison (eating disorders, appearance)
Privilege
Privilege-
special advantage or benefit that not everyone enjoys

- We tend to be unaware of our privileges

- We often do not "earn" privilege

- Concept is NOT intended to make you feel bad or guilty, but to become aware of our standing in society

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/12/education/edlife/first-generation-students-unite.html?_r=1
Intersectionality
study of interactions between various forms of inequality, especially, race, class, sexual orientation, and gender
- Not merely "adding" oppression
- Inequality shifts over time or context

Oppression Olympics-
when two or more groups compete to prove themselves more oppressed than the other
Stratified Systems
All stratified systems have:

- unequal resource distribution

- distinct groups

- justifying ideology
Caste vs. Class
Caste system-
stratification based on characteristics from birth

Class system-
stratification determined by economic position, a combination of achievement and characteristics from birth
- opportunity for social mobility
Full transcript