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E-Waste

ES105
by

Derrick Kwan

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of E-Waste

The E-Waste Problem Derrick Kwan What is E-Waste? E-Waste is loosely defined as discarded consumer electronics that are near the end of its useful life.

Includes electronics such as computers, office electronic equipment, mobile phones, televisions, and refrigerators. With Current Replacement Rates Only Growing... Apple Inc. How Apple Is Creating An E-Waste Issue
1. Apple products are not meant to be reused but replaced which is evident in that consumers cannot replace batteries.

2. Apple is known for constantly churning out new upgrades before the natural life span of devices are up.

3. Apple recently introduced the 8 pin connector in their new iPhone 5 & iPad Mini. Estimates of $2 to $3 billion dollars in sales in accessories annually, which means there are 45 MILLION devices in essentially perfect working conditions that are beginning to become partially obsolete But Why Should We Care? But Where Does All Our E-Waste Go? - Millions of pounds of electronic waste (E-Waste) from obsolete computers and TVs are being generated in the U.S. each year and huge amounts, an estimated 50% to 80% collected for recycling, are being EXPORTED OVERSEAS to developing countries.

- This export is due to cheaper labor, lack of environmental standards in Asia, and because such export is still legal in the United States. Electronics Turnover The rate of replacement for electronics have increased tremendously

For example:
From 1997 - 2005
computers life cycle dropped from 6 to 2 years! E-Waste has become one of the fastest growing portions of the municipal waste streams

Other types of municipal waste streams are decreasing, e-waste is growing 5% annually! Improperly disposing of e-waste can cause leaking from landfills contaminating groundwater supply.

There are also many harmful chemicals within these electronics that can cause negative health effects Computers Television Cellphones Mercury
Lead
Cadmium Lead (CRT) Nickel
Cadmium
Lead
Lithium
Contrary to all principles of environmental justice, the United States, rather than banning exports of toxic E-Waste to developing countries, is actually facilitating their export

China has banned the import of E-Waste, but the U.S has not honored their ban and continues to export it Recycling E-Waste Near You Bibliography http://www.ban.org/E-waste/technotrashfinalcomp.pdf
http://science.time.com/2012/03/08/e-waste-how-the-new-ipad-adds-to-electronic-garbage/
http://earth911.com/recycling/electronics/e-waste-harmful-materials/
http://www.iowadnr.gov/Environment/LandStewardship/WasteManagement/Recycling/Ewaste/HazardsofEwaste.aspx
http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/electronics/whatisewaste/
http://www.servermonkey.com/infographic/e-waste
http://livinggreenmag.com/2013/04/05/energy-ecology/e-waste-recycle-or-refuse-infographic/attachment/image-e-waste/
http://www.treehugger.com/clean-technology/crazy-e-waste-statistics-explored-in-infographic.html U.S Government & E-Waste Their Negative Effects Lead
- damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems, blood system and kidneys in humans. Cadmium
- accumulate in the human body, in particular in the kidneys Mercury
- negative effects on brain functioning and development have been attributed to mercury. Chromium
- causes strong allergic reactions, even in small concentrations Barium
- short term exposure cause brain swelling, muscle weakness and damage to the heart Brominated Flame Retardent
- causes an increased risk of cancer of the digestive and lymph systems It Can Be Computer Screens, Printers, Keyboards... Cellphones... Harmful Chemicals in Electronics We Can't & Shouldn't Stop Technological Progress But We Can Change How We Create, Use and Recycle! 1. Give Your Electronic Equipments Back to Companies for Recycling

2. Take Your Used Equipment to Recyclers Who Do Not Export!

3. Support Laws To Make Companies Reduce The Amount of Toxins in Products & Bans Exporting

4. Create More Sustainable Products Pink Apple Products... But What's Wrong With Exporting? The E-waste recycling and disposal operations found in China, India, and Pakistan are extremely polluting and likely to be very damaging to human health. Examples include open burning
of plastic waste, exposure to toxic solders, river dumping of acids, and widespread general dumping. More Companies are Following Suit Nokia, New York Times, E-Bay Being A Leader In Electronics Apple Inc. Can Change The Way We Recycle And Promote Going Green with our Electronics Even A Human Face Great Video On Comedy Central About E-Waste http://www.comedycentral.com/video-clips/f2jcqw/futurama-e-waste-delivery
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