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The Book of Philippians

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Bethany Kurschat

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of The Book of Philippians

The Book of Philippians
Who Wrote This Book & What Is Its Form?
The Apostle Paul wrote the Book of Philippians while he was in prison in Rome. This book was actually a letter (or "epistle") to the Church of Philippi.
For What Specific Occasion Was It Written?
This book was originally written as a sort of "Thank You" card to the Church in Philippi for some unknown gift that Paul had received from them while he was in prison.
What Is The Book About?
1. Paul's Report: Paul wanted to update the Philippians on his current circumstances.


2. Encouragement: The Christians in Philippi were facing major church persecution at this time, and Paul was hoping this letter would raise their spirits. He implores them to stay strong in the faith even while confronting such trials.


3. Exhortation: Not that the Philippians were doing all the bad of a job at it, but Paul just wanted to make sure to add in his letter that they don't lose their humility and that they would remain and even grow in unity.

4. Commending: Paul wanted to applaud the efforts (to advance the gospel) of both Timothy and Epaphroditus to the church in Philippi.
Who is Timothy?



Who is Epaphroditus?
Timothy is like Paul's right wing at this point in time. He is with Paul in Rome when Paul writes this letter. (Phil. 1:1)




In this letter, Paul also states his intentions to send Timothy to them to learn of their conditions and report back.
(Phil. 2:19)
Epaphroditus is a Philippian whom the church in Philippi sent to deliver their gift to Paul. Either along the way or after arriving, Epaphroditus became very ill and almost died!
5. Warning: Paul wants to make the Philippians very aware of the "dogs" who are opposed to the spreading of the gospel and may even act out against the Philippian church with violence.

He goes on to say that any confidence they have belongs to Christ and not to themselves ("the flesh"). (Phil. 3:3-11)

...But we'll take a look at that later.
Views of God
Jesus Christ is equal with God
Christ humbled himself to become a servant; and took on the likeness of human
Christ is highly exalted and glorified by God

"5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. 9 Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name,
Key Verses
Phil. 1:21, 23-24 "21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain... 23 I am hard pressed between the two. My desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better. 24 But to remain in the flesh is more necessary on your account"
The idea of living or dying for Christ is a key theme in Philippians and this is a key verse to represent that.
Paul will dedicate his life to working and being an example of Christ. But, dying is better because he gets to finally be with Christ again, in heaven and out of this evil world.
Phil. 2:5-9
"5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. 9 Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name,
This verse is key because it gives a clear image of Christ being a servant; and this is the mindset Paul wanted the believers to have.
Shows how Christ humble himself and did not boast in any of his Godly attributes.
God then exalted and gloried the name of Jesus
References
Baxter, J. Sidlow. Baxter's Explore the Book. N.p.:
Zondervan, 1986. Print.
"Bible Gateway." Philippians 3 Commentary. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
MacArthur, John F. Philippians N.p.: Moody
Publishers, 2001. Print.
NIV Study Bible - Zondervan. 1985 copyright
Wicks, Robert R. The Interpreter's Bible. 11. New
York: Arlington Press, 1955. 3-15. Print.


Themes
"Be Humble - Live As Christ Lived"

"Do nothing from selfish ambition or conceit, but in humility count others more significant than yourselves." (Phil. 2:3)

"Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross." (Phil. 2:5-8)

Press On!

"Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect, but I press on to make it my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own."
(Phil. 3:12)
"I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus." (Phil. 3:14)

Themes
Themes
Don't Be Anxious!

"I am the more eager to send him, therefore, that you may rejoice at seeing him again, and that I may be less anxious." (Phil. 2:28)

"...do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God." (Phil. 4:6)

Themes
Joy

"Joy" is one form or another is mentioned 16 times in the book of Philippians!


Phil. 3:14
"I can do all things through him who strengthens me."
Themes
Remember that whole "no confidence in the flesh" thing? Well that is part of what this verse is talking about. Don't worry...we'll clear things up soon!

There is a reason that this verse says "I can do all thing THROUGH CHRIST who strengthens me" and not "I can do all things BY MY OWN STRENGTH."

Confidence In Christ

Here it is! The slide you've all been waiting for! (You're welcome)

"For we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in the flesh, though I myself have reason for confidence in the flesh also. If anyone else thinks he has reason for confidence in the flesh, I have more: circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the law, a Pharisee; as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to righteousness under the law, blameless. But whatever gain I had, I counted as loss for the sake of Christ. Indeed, I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things and count them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith"—
Phil. 3:3-9
Paul (formerly known as Saul) was a guy with ALL the credentials! He was a shoe-in to get into heaven, right? Wrong.
"But whatever gain I had, I counted as loss for the sake of Christ" (Phil. 3:7)
"...not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith." (Phil. 3:9)
Paul is telling the Philippian Church that living for Christ is NOT about "works" alone, but about FAITH! And it is our FAITH that expresses itself THROUGH works.
Critical Issues
There is questioning of whether Philippians was a single letter written to Philippi

Many of Paul's letters appears to be in fragments or mixed together

In certain parts of Philippians, the tone changes suddenly; so it seems as if new letters start (ch. 3)


One Letter?
How does this book view the world and what it means to be human?
Philippians strongly believes that, to be human, one should live for Christ. It also says "to die is gain." What that means is that one's life should revolve around the Lord they serve and death should not negatively affect that - it should really bring the servant closer to Christ. Those who don't serve Christ will fear death.
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