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Transcript of Medieval Armor
Leather, mail and other steel protectors were used to cover vulnerable area (chest, neck and between the ears) Horses Wool Worn as padding in vulnerable areas (ex: thighs)
Also worn around the shoulders Leather Layers of cured/hardened leather
Has been the foundation of protective gear since the Roman Empire
This form of protection alone was insubstantial that soldiers Steel/Metal Was the preferred armor for any soldier that can afford it
Most common form of this type of protection was mail Chain Mail Good protection from sword thrusts
Small steel rings were laid over each other and then welded together
Provide flexible, but strong defense
Soldiers wore padding (which was made of leather) also underneath Plate Categories Soft Usually comprised of layers of leather, fabric, quilting, or felt
Often a combination of these materials were used Soft
Rigid Rigid Made of metal, wood, or any other highly resilient material
Maximum protection for the wearer
Includes: plate armor (later developed into suits of armor) Made of metal that eventually covered entire body
Plates were riveted together/connected internally by leather straps
This offered maximum protection
Still allowed freedom of movement Helmets Knights wore a helmet of quilted fabric which was then covered by leather, which then may have been covered by mail
Plate armor was also added to cover vital organs/vulnerable areas that the mail doesn't cover
The plate armor was then elongated which was known as a coif
Covered head and neck
Conical with a short nasal front Early body armor was primarily soft, metal protection
First metal armor consisted of overlapping bronze plates
Then sewn onto a protective garment
This then developed into chain mail
Soft armor was still used as a padding underneath the stronger armor
Plate protection was then introduced
By the 16th century, body armor was not worn, it was only used for ceremonial/decorative purposes Problems Caused by Increased Protection Wearer was much slower
Needed more energy to move
Difficult to stay cool
Full helmet obscured vision
Impossible to communicate Body Armor Shields Mostly almond shaped
Referred to as "kite-shaped"
Made of metal Any questions??