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GP Belief Systems

Global Perspectives
by

Khalid Dinnawi

on 5 September 2016

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Transcript of GP Belief Systems

Global Perspectives
Belief Systems

Buddhism
Founded 700 B.C.E., in India.
Christianity
Founded 250 C.E, in Imperial Rome.
Confucianism
Founded in China, during the Warring States Period.
Daoism
Founded in China, during the Warring States Period
Islam
Founded 7th century C.E, In the Middle East.
Hinduism
Key Questions

- How do we know what we believe?
- Where to human beings derive morality?
Values? Can it be outside religious traditions?
- Do you have to be religious to be a good person?
- Do you have to be any one religion?
- What commonalities do all belief systems share?
Differences?
- How do belief systems affect a country’s political
system and culture?
- What happens when belief systems collide?

Founders
Hinduism has no founder
One of the oldest religion, it may date to prehistoric times
Major Texts
The most ancient are the four vedas
Major Beliefs
Achieving union with brahman is said to occur as people free themselves from the selfish desires that separate them from the universal spirit.
Most people cannot achieve this union in one lifetime = reincarnation.
The concept of reincarnation, the rebirth of the soul in a new body, allows people to continue their journey toward union with brahman.
People get closer to this union by being born into higher and higher levels of existence.
Caste System
The caste system is an important part of Hinduism.
Castes are social groups into which people are born and out of which they cannot move during a lifetime.
A person may, however, by acquiring good karma, be born into a higher caste in the next life.
Karma and Dharma (found in both Hinduism and Buddhism)
Founder
Siddhartha Gotama
, better known as the Buddha, is the founder for Buddhism.
Major Beliefs
The major beliefs of Buddhism are the Eight Fold Path; the way to
Nirvana.
Life is suffering, and suffering is caused by desire. The
Four Noble Truths
founded from Buddhism.
To reach Nirvana, you must complete your
Dharma
, or duty, by preforming
Karma
, or actions.
Where did it spread to?
Buddhism's origins started in India, but over time, became heavily influential in various parts of the world.
Buddhism has spread through merchants in trade, travelers, and monks spreading their ideas. Over time, Buddhism has had influence in many civilizations in Asia.
Modern Day Connections
Buddhism today has many followers all over the world
There are different forms of Buddhism, such as Mahayana Buddhism
There are about 376 million followers of Buddhism today.
Founder
The founder of this religion is
Jesus Christ,
a carpenter in
Imperial Rome
.
Gods and Deities of Christianity
The
one God
of Christianity, the creator of the world.
Jesus Christ
is remembered as the savior, as he is the one who had spread Christianity to what it is today.
Major Texts
The major text of Christianity is the
bible
, a collection of words of God and his followers.
There are different versions of the bible, such a the
new and old testament.
Symbol
The major symbol for Buddhism is the Buddha meditating.
Symbol
Major Beliefs
Monotheistic- there is only
one God
Jesus Christ is the Prophet
The belief in
Heaven
and
Hell
Where did it spread to?
Eventually spread all over the world.
Started in
Rome
Spread through trade, travelers, and followers
Symbol
The most well-known symbol of Christianity is the
Holy Cross.
Modern Day Connections
Christianity is extremely popular and influential today.
33% of the world
today are Christians.
There are two major types of this religion; The
Christian and Catholic Church
.
Founder
The founder of
Islam
is
Muhammad
, the prophet of
Allah
.
Gods and Deities
Islam focuses on the idea of
one God
, Allah.
Muhammad is the prophet of Allah.
The
Arch-angel Gabriel
appointed Muhammad to be the prophet.
Major Texts
The major text of Islam is found in the
Qur'an
, which is the teachings of God to is followers.
Major Beliefs
The idea that made Islam so popular was that of monotheism- there is only one God, and
Muhammad is his prophet.
There are five Pillars of Islam
Pray five times a day
Two main sects of Islam;
Sunnis
and
Shiites
Where did it start?
Islam began in the
Middle East
It was spread through the word of Muhammad and his followers
Has spread to much of the world, but its home is in the Middle East
The Buddha, meditating, has undergone severe physical changes due to practicing asceticism.
Golden statues of Buddhist monks.
A Symbol for the eightfold path.
A map of Asia; Buddhism greatly influenced Asia.
Modern day Buddhist monks.
Someone practicing Mahayana Buddhism.
A giant statue of the Buddha meditating.
Jesus being crucified on the cross.
An artwork of what God might look like.
A portrait of Jesus.
Symbol
The symbol for Islam would be the
crescent moon and the star
Modern Day connection
Islam today is the second largest religion, with 25% of the world worshiping it.
It is highly influential on everyday lifestyle, and many people live accordingly to Islam.
Founder
The founder of Confucianism is
Confucius
, a Chinese philosopher.
Confucius is one of the three great philosophers of China.
Major Beliefs
Family Patriarchy
Everyone is expected to do their duty as a citizen and know their place
Respect family and value education
Emphasizes on human potential, or
humanism
Obedience and proper actions within society
Where did it start?
Confucianism started during the
Warring States Period
Is one of the three "ism's" that developed during the Warring States Period
Had spread through
government influence
Many civilizations adopted Chinese Confucianism
Confucianism had spread through many parts of Asia
Modern Day Connection
Today, Confucianism is not highly practiced like other religions
Its ideas such as
humanism and proper conduct live on
Some people use Confucianism to govern their lifestyle
Founder
Daoism's
founder is
Laozi
Laozi is one of the three great
Chinese philosophers
Major Beliefs
Follow
"The Path"
Yin/Yang
No strict laws
Deals with nature
Where did it start?
Daoism
began during the Warring States Period of China
One of the three "ism's"
Was not as prominent as Confucianism or Legalism
Modern Day Connection
Not widely practiced in modern times
People use this
"easy-going"
philosophy as a casual lifestlye
A picture of the Holy Bible.
An artwork of Heaven.
An artwork of Hell.
A short video on the spread of Christianity.
A photo of the Christian Cross.
A modern day Christian church.
A portrait of the prophet, Muhammad.
The symbol for Allah.
Photos of the Islamic Qur'an.
Muslims praying; they do this prayer five times a day.
The expansion of Islamic religion.
Present day Istanbul, heavy with Muslim population.
An ancient sketch of Confucius.
A collection of wise quotes from Confucius.
An artwork of China's Warring States period.
An early spread of Confucianism.
A portrait on Lasozi.
Iconic symbols for Daoism.
The Warring States Period of China
In each lifetime, a person can come closer to union with brahman by obeying the law of karma.
Karma consists of all the deeds of a person’s life that affect his or her existence in the next life.
Good deeds involve following dharma, the moral and religious duties that are expected as an individual.
A person’s gender, class, age, and occupation all affect his/her dharma.
Judaism
Founder
The Hebrew leader Abraham founded Judaism around 2000 B.C.
Moses gave the Jews the Torah around 1250 B.C.
Holy Writings
The most important are the Torah, or the first five books of Moses.
Others include Judaism's oral tradition, the written form of which is known as the Talmud
Jews believe in the laws of God and the words of the prophets.
In Judaism, however, actions are more important than beliefs.
Beliefs
The three main types are Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform.
Conservative Jews follow most traditional practices, but less strictly than the Orthodox.
Reform Jews are the least traditional.
Types
Symbols
Full transcript