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Emergence of Modern America- Year B- C3

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Bridget York

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Emergence of Modern America- Year B- C3

How the Industrial and Agrarian Revolutions shaped the American nation of today. THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN AMERICA: 1890-1930 Racial Tensions
Black Nationalism- Marcus Garvey “Back to Africa”
Great Migration
Move of African Americans from rural South to urban North
KKK re-emerges
Lynching in South
Separate facilities for blacks and whites
Jim Crow Laws
Harlem Renaissance- Explosion of culture
Langston Hughes (Poetry), Josephine Baker(Dance), Zora Zeale Hurston (Literature), Louise Bryant (Author), W.E.B. Dubois(Education/Philosophy), Duke Ellington(Jazz)
Religious groups- diversity in faith
Scopes “Monkey” Trial – Darwin’s science vs. Bible
Passage of Prohibition
Immigrant rights- move to “Americanize” them
Citizenship process- must learn English
“Melting Pot”
Education Rights of Minority Groups Women’s struggle for Equality
Women’s Party: Alice Paul, Lucy Burns
Passage of 19th Amendment
Labor Unions fight for workers
National Railroad Strike (1877)
Homestead Steel Plant Strike (1892)--Henry Clay Frick
Pullman Railroad Car Works Strike (1894)
--American Railway Workers Union (ARWU)
--Eugene V. Debs Social and Cultural Tensions With so much change, what will the future bring? "The scope of a modern government in what it can and ought to accomplish for its people has been widened far beyond the principles laid down by the old "laissez faire" school of political writers, and this widening has met popular approval."71

- President William Howard Taft, inaugural address, 4 March 1909
Discussion: Discuss quote in context of history & this lesson Harlem Renaissance Alice Paul William McKinley (1897-1901)- 25th President
Spanish American War (1898)
Assassinated In Buffalo, NY
Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)- NY
National Parks System
Meat Inspection Act (1906) & Pure Food and Drug Act
William Howard Taft (1909-1913)- Ohio
Poor politician-caught between conservatives and progressives
“Dollar Diplomacy”- support poor Latin American countries
Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)
WW1- joined Allies 1917 (aftermath of war US is now world power)
League of Nations
Warren G. Harding (1921-1923)- Ohio
Endorsed African Americans rights
Teapot Dome Scandal
Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)- Massachusetts
Opposed child labor
Laissez faire economics- rapid economic growth “Roaring 20s”
Left office at beginning of Great Depression US Presidents of Era Railroad Barons
John D. Rockefeller
--Standard Oil
--Trusts/ Monopolies
Andrew Carnegie
--complex cost-analysis
J.P. Morgan
--United States Steel Corporation (1901) Leading Entrepreneurs of the Age Invention was the mother of new industry
Thomas Edison and his “invention business”-phonograph (1877)
Henry Ford’s Model T and assembly line
George Eastman’s “Kodak” photograph (1888)
Chicago’s World Fair (1893) The Role of Inventions in Modernization Willingness to exploit rich natural resources
Terrific Infra-structure
Adequate Labor Supply
Adequate amounts of risk capital
“Captains of Industry”
Innovative ideas and inventions
Sympathetic state and national governments Reasons for the Tremendous Post-War Industrial Growth Worked to deal with dilemmas of time- better life for workers, more equal distribution of industrial wealth, support for new immigrants

Robert La Follett- (Wisconsin) numerous progressive reforms, including the first workers' compensation system, railroad rate reform, open government, the minimum wage, direct election of U.S. Senators, women's suffrage, and progressive taxation.

Jane Addams-(Illinois) founder of Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace. Focused on needs of mothers and children. Progressive Movement Shoeshine boy- Indianapolis, IN (1908) Rapid industrialization= pollution
Rapid urbanization= huge increase in city populations
Slum Housing
“Dumbbell” tenements
First Electric elevator (1889)
Work Conditions
Child Labor
Problems with Disease
Still problems today?: Thumbs up or down Urban Problems
Full transcript