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Transcript of William Glasser
Need for Pleasure
The Man Behind the Theory
Worked primarily with juvenile offenders
First based his writings on Freudian psychoanalytic theory
Switched to a more behavioral approach
Need For Independence
Control over own Life
William Glasser Choice Theory and Quality Schools
by: Letezia Edwards
Centers around the belief that the only person whose behavior we can control is our own.
Adults and children choose to do everything they do.
Main focus was the 5 basic psychological needs.
7 Caring Habits, 7 Deadly Habits
Ten Axioms of Choice Theory
1. The only person whose behavior we can control is our own.
2. All we can give another person is information.
3. All long lasting psychological problems are relationship problems.
4. The problem relationship is always part of our present life.
Ten Axioms Continued
5. What happened in the past has everything to do with what we are today, but we can only satisfy our basic needs right now and plan to continue to satisfy them in the future.
6. We can only satisfy our needs by satisfying the pictures in our quality world.
7. All we do is behave.
Ten Axioms Continued
8. All behavior is Total Behavior and is made up of four components: acting, thinking, feeling, and physiology.
9. All Total Behavior is Chosen
10. All Total Behavior is designated by verbs and named by the part that is most
Need to Achieve
Need to be recognized for achievements/skills
Sense of self-worth
Need to contribute
Need for food shelter and safety
Safety from harm
It is our best attempt at the time, given
our current knowledge and skills, to meet one or more of our basic human needs.
Ways to help students develop a sense of belonging
1. Allow students to participate in developing rules.
2. Have students identify a name
for their class or team.
3. Use bulletin boards in the classroom
4. Encourage students to work in groups
Glasser defined education as " the process through which we discover that learning adds quality to our lives"
Quality schools help students to satisfy one or more psychological needs and adds quality to students lives.
Glasser looked at the total school environment
Viewed teachers as more than just managers
Focused on safe schools issue
Students achieve levels beyond competence
Incorporated Ideas of Choice Theory
Choice theory, with the 7 Caring Habits, replaces external control psychology and the 7 Deadly Habits. External control is destructive to relationships. When used, it will destroy the ability of one or both to find satisfaction in that relationship and will result in a disconnection from each other. Being disconnected is the source of almost all human problems such as what is called mental illness, drug addiction, violence, crime, school failure, spousal abuse, to mention a few.
7 Caring Habits
7. Negotiating differences
7 Deadly Habits
7. Bribing, rewarding to control
Criteria for becoming a Quality School
1. Relationships are based on trust and respect, and all discipline problems, not incidents, are eliminated.
2. Total Learning Competency is stressed and an evaluation that is below competence or what is now a "B" has been eliminated. All "schooling" has been replaced by useful education.
3. All students do Quality work each year that is significantly beyond competence. All such work receives an A or higher (A+)
4. Students and staff are taught to use Choice Theory in their lives and in thier work in school. Parents are encouraged to participate in study groups to become familiar with the ideas of Glasser.
5. Students do better on state proficiency tests and college entrance examinations. The importance of these tests is emphasized in the school.
6. Staff, students, parents, and administrators view the school a joyful place.
There is no Rubric for Measuring Quality, No two quality schools/classrooms look exactly alike, but they do have similar characteristics.
Choices and Needs
Need to Belong