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For the Record: Smoking & Tobacco
Transcript of For the Record: Smoking & Tobacco
Also known as e-cigarettes, they are battery-operated products
designed to deliver nicotine, flavor and other chemicals. They turn nicotine, which is highly addictive, and other chemicals into a vapor that
is inhaled by the user.
Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death and
disease in the US, causing 443,000 deaths per year which
equals to 1 in 5 deaths. Approximately 49,000 of these deaths are
due to secondhand smoke.
About 8.6 million people in the U.S. have at least one serious illness
caused by smoking.
Worldwide, tobacco use causes more than 5 million deaths per year.
On average, smokers die 10 years earlier than nonsmokers.
-Some cigars contain the tobacco equivalent of an entire pack of cigarettes.
Cigar smoke has:
-A higher level of cancer-causing substances.
-More tar than cigarettes.
-Cigar smoke has higher concentrations of toxins than cigarette smoke.
-Carbon Monoxide - released in car exhaust fumes
-Methanol – a main component in rocket fuel
-Tar – material for paving roads
-Tobacco - agricultural crop
There are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarettes. When burned, they
create more than 4,000 chemicals. At least 50 of these chemicals are known to cause
cancer, and many are poisonous.
-Risk of infectious diseases due to the same mouthpiece being passed from person to person.
-Delivers the addictive drug nicotine and is at least as toxic as cigarette smoke.
-Some users report being dependent on hookah and having difficulty quitting.
-Due to the frequency of puffing, depth of inhalation, and length of the smoking session—hookah smokers
may absorb higher concentrations of the toxins found in cigarette smoke.
-Hookah smokers are at risk for the same kinds of diseases caused by cigarette smoking. These include oral
cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, cancer of the esophagus, reduced lung function, decreased fertility,
clogged arteries and heart disease.
-The charcoal used to heat tobacco in the hookah increases the health risks by producing high levels of
carbon monoxide, metals, and cancer-causing chemicals.
-Irritation from exposure to tobacco juices increases the risk of developing oral cancers.
-Contain 28 cancer-causing agents which can lead to oral (mouth) cancer, esophageal cancer, and
-Using smokeless tobacco can also cause heart disease, gum disease, and oral lesions other than
cancer, such as leukoplakia (precancerous white patches in the mouth)
-Also addictive since nicotine in the tobacco is absorbed through the lining of
Respiration and Lungs:
-COPD (includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema)
-Cough and sputum
-Shortness of breath
-Colds and flu
Hair: Heart: Immune System:
-Smell & staining -Heart attack -Weakened immune system
Skin: Kidneys, bladder & liver: Bones:
-Wrinkles -Kidney & bladder cancer -Osteoporosis
-Premature aging -Liver cancer -Spine & hip fractures
-Cataracts -Poor circulation (cold fingers)
-Eyes that sting, water and blink more -Peripheral vascular disease
-Macular degeneration -Tar stained fingers
Stomach: Brain and Mental Effects:
-Stomach ulcers -Addiction/nicotine withdrawal
-Aortic aneurysm -Altered brain chemistry
-Stomach, pancreas & colon cancer -Stroke
-Discoloration and stains
-Gum disease (gingivitis)
Mouth and Throat:
-Cancers of the lips, mouth, throat and larynx
-Cancer of the esophagus
-Reduced sense of taste
-Breath smells of smoke