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Factors of Human Development part 2

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Desiderio IV Camitan

on 21 July 2017

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Transcript of Factors of Human Development part 2

Childhood
(2-11 Years)
Factors of Human Development
part 2
Maturity
extension of heredity
unfolding of all heredity potentials of an individual

Characteristics of Maturity
cephalocaudal law: development spreads form head to foot
proximodistal law: development spread from the trunk to the extremeties
follows and orderly manner
not uniform for all individual
Stages of Human Development
Early Adulthood
(20 to 30 years)
Middle Adulthood
(30-60)
Old Age
(60 onwards)

(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Infancy
(birth- 1 year)
Physical Changes
Period of rapid development
Roughly 40% of the body's energy is devoted to growth
Reflexes
involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stimuli that are critical for survival
Rooting Reflex
newborns turn their head towards objects touching their cheeks
Sucking Reflex
infants suck at things that touch their lips
Startle Reflex
an infant flings out the arms, fans the fingers and arches the back in response to sudden noise
Babinski Reflex
baby's toes fan out when the outer edge of the sole of the foot is stroked
Cognitive Changes
infant's brain weighs 25% of the adult's brain
In the months after birth, the brain grows rapidly, so does it's structure
infant learns things like motor skills, perception, reaching and grasping
Socio-Emotional Changes
Crying is the first form of communication
Basic cry, a systematic cry with a pattern of crying and silence. The basic cry starts with a cry coupled with a briefer silence, which is followed by a short high-pitched inspiratory whistle.
An anger cry is much like the basic cry; however, in this cry, more excess air is forced through the vocal cords, making it a louder, more abrupt cry.
The pain cry is one loud cry, followed by a period of breath holding.
Stages of Human Development
Cognitive Changes
Physical Changes
Socio-Emotional
Changes
children's bodies change proportion
children begin to lose their "baby fat"
children should get plenty of exercise and sleep
play is both physical and cognitive task
children learns to use words and numbers
Peer years
Attempts to isolate self from opposite sex
starts to see others' perspective
Adolescence
(13-20 years)
Cognitive Changes
Physical Changes
Socio-emotional
Changes
individual attains sexual maturity
has child like mentality but has adult body
advanced reasoning abilities
can process abstract information and hypothetical concepts
concerned over appearance
some adolescents undergo role confusion
curious about sex and developing romantic relationship
Cognitive Changes
can apply what is learned in situations concerning career and long term goal
Physical Changes
peak of physical development
Socio-emotional Changes
identity exploration
no longer an adolescent, not yet a full-pledge adult
work, marriage, stability, independence
Cognitive Changes
Physical Changes
Socio-emotional
Changes
physical characteristics start to decline in structure and function
peek of professional success
relies on experience in dealing with situations
willing to learn realistic concepts rather than abstract and hypothetical ideals
focus on financial and social success, prestige and authority
fewer relationships and develop fewer new relationships
looks back and savors his past accomplishment
Physical Changes
decline in physical functioning
health issues
Cognitive Changes
older adults perform less on cognitive tasks involving short-term episodic recall
Socio-Emotional Changes
Full transcript