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Realism and the Origins of the Cold War

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Silvia Arellano

on 29 January 2015

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Transcript of Realism and the Origins of the Cold War

Realism and the Origins of the Cold War
CARACAS
High School diploma
Active learning school of English
Central University of Venezuela
University of Strasbourg
What is Realism ?
Realism:

dominant theory since
the beginning of internationals relations

Thucydides, Machiavelli, Hobbes Rousseau

Main idea: States are the principal actors that compete for power and security
Statism
Survival
Self-help
Realism

Three main realist arguments that explain the origins of the Cold War
1) The Sovient Union caused the Cold war because it's society was aggressive
" Everyone imposes it's own system as far as his army can reach." Joseph Stalin, April 1945
Offensive realist

Maximize power

Expansionism
2) The United States caused the Cold War becaused its capitalist economic system was expansionist
What is the Cold War?
Henry Kissinger: is an American diplomat and political scientist.
George Frost Kennan : was an American adviser, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.
“There isn’t a doubt in my mind that Russia intends an invasion of Turkey and the seizure of the Black Sea Straits to the Mediterranean. Unless Russia is faced with an iron fist and strong language another war is in the making"

Harry S. Truman, 1946
The Marchall Plan
Unification of western currency
Expansionism
1) The Soviet Union caused the Cold war because it's society was aggressive
The balance of terror:
distribution of nuclear arms among nations such that no nation will initiate an attack for fear of retaliation
3) Neither the United States nor the Soviet Union was responsible for the Cold War
Anarchy
Balance of terror
Nuclear deterrence
Proxy wars
Conclusion

Realists argue that the United States won the Cold War by means of deterrence and an arms race that bankrupted the Soviet Union.

Post cold war realism weaknesses :
Domestic policies
International cooperation
Analysis of change
Sources
Perspectives on International Relations: Power Institutions Ideas , HENRY R. NAU, 3rd ed., George Washington University, 2011.
The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations 2007 by John Baylis , Steve Smith , Patricia Owens
http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war
Morgenthau's Unrealistic Theory: http://www.yale.edu/yjia/articles/Vol_1_Iss_2_Spring2006/kaufman217.pdf
Outline
Introduction:
Quick review of Realism and the Cold War

Development
: 3 Realist perspectives that explain the origins of the Cold War

Conclusion :
Personal opinion

Quick Review: 6 basic points
Human Nature
Sovereignty
Power beats justice
War is inevitable
Anarchy
Cooperation is limited
Internship DAREIC (The Academic Delegation for European and International Relations and Cooperation) Rectorat de l' Académie de Strasbourg
ITI-RI
Thank you for your attention!
Full transcript