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marie cojocariu

on 17 April 2015

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Transcript of Obesity

When Does Weight Bias Begin?
Danielsdottir, S., O'Brien, K.S., & Ciao, A. (2010). Anti-Fat prejudice reduction: A review of published studies.
Obesity Facts
. 3, 47-58.

Kopelman, P. (2007). Health risks associated with overweight and obesity.
Obesity Reviews
, 8(s1), 13-17. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00311.x

Melnikova, I., & Wages, D. (2006). Anti-obesity therapies.
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery
, 5(5), 369-370. doi:10.1038/nrd2037

O'Brien, K. S., Latner, J. D., Ebneter, D., & Hunter, J. A. (2013). Obesity discrimination: the role of physical appearance, personal ideology, and anti-fat prejudice.
International Journal of Obesity
, 37(3), 455-460. doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.52

O'Brien, K. S., Puhl, R. M., Latner, J. D., Mir, A. S., & Hunter, J. A. (2010). Reducing anti-fat prejudice in preservice health students: A randomized trial.
, 18(11), 2138-2144. doi:10.1038/oby.2010.79

Puddester, L. M., & Wareham, A. (2013). The Bodies of Bullying.
Relational Child & Youth Care Practice
, 26(4), 69-71.

USA.gov. (2012, April 27). Defining overweight and obesity. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov.html website: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/defining.html

WHO. (2015, January). Obesity and overweight. Retrieved from http://www.who.int website: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
What is Obesity?
Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height
Facts about Obesity
In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese.

Overall, about 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese in 2014.

In 2014, 39% of adults aged 18 years and over (38% of men and 40% of women) were overweight.

The worldwide prevalence of obesity more than doubled between 1980 and 2014.

Why Does Weight Bias Exist?
- belief that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight
- belief that individuals are responsible for their obesity
- cultural approval of overt expression of weight bias
- value of thinness

(Puddester & Wareham, 2013)
Why is Obesity Prejudice a Problem?
effects on the victim:
- low self-esteem
- body dissatisfaction
- depression
- anxiety
- suicidal ideation /
- unhealthy weight control
- eating disorders
- binge eating
- dieting
- weight gain

Canada vs USA on Obesity
By: Brittany Roach, Marie Cojocariu, Adrienne Bruins & Jay Toor
How do we measure obesity ?
Through a BMI scale
Body Mass Index Scale
An adult who has a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight
An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese
World Health Organization, 2015
- begins in preschool children
- perpetuated by family members, teachers and sports coaches
(Puddester & Wareham, 2013)
- associated with authoritarian personality and social dominance orientation
(O'Brien, Latner, Ebneter & Hunter, 2013)

Why is Obesity Prejudice a Problem?
victims less likely to:
- receive adequate health care
- be hired
- get promotions at work
- seek preventative health care
- live healthy and productive lives

(Puddester & Wareham, 2013)

(Puddester & Wareham, 2013)
Overcoming Anti-Fat
Increasing empathy and perspective ineffective
- Kinesiology students
Studies on social influence are promising
Social Identity Theory
Obesity is blamed as a contributing factor in over 300,000 deaths in the US annually
Melnikova, I., & Wages, D. (2006)
Health Factors&Risks
Kopelman, P. (2007)
Changing How We View Obesity
Fat = unhealthy = lazy = gluttonous ?

Obesity in the media

Both portrayals can have positive effects

Targeting Anti-Fat Prejudice in the Medical Profession
High levels of prejudice in this area

Explore social/environmental factors

Learn to recognize underlying issues and know when to refer a patient for psychological treatment

Full transcript