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Gender Roles in Chronicle of a Death Foretold

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Allison Garcia

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Gender Roles in Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Gender Roles in
Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Colombian Culture in the Novel
Men felt the need to maintain their family's honor
"Before God and before men," Pablo Vicario said. "It was a matter of honor." Pg 49
Women were more protective and wanted to prevent the crime.
"You always have to take the side of the dead." Pg 23
Believed in superstitions and omens
"Any dream about birds means good health." pg 6
interconnected families- close-knit society
Women had to marry pure.
"... the fact that Angela Vicario dared put on the veil and the orange blossoms without being a vigin would be interpreted afterwards as a profanation of the symbols of purity." pg 41
Woman stayed mostly in the house
"Victoria Guzman, the cook, ..." pg 8
Men wanted to marry virgins although most men didn't marry as virgins
About Gabriel Garcia Marquez
TIME
SETTING
a small Colombian community in a town on the coast
patriarchal society
machismo
Had an honor system to obey and not question
arranged marriages not for love but rather for economical interests
women celibacy before marriage
nickname is Gabo or Gabito(little Gabriel)
born in Aracataca, Columbia on
March 6, 1928(Zodiac Pisces which are said to be compassionate, adaptable, accepting, devoted, and imaginative) However, he was shy
Raised by his grandfathers & very superstitious grandmother and aunts(common at the time)
1940 Age 12 went to secondary school, run by Jesuits which was 30 miles north of Bogota. He found it oppressive and depressing
1946 Age 18 followed parents wish to enroll into law rather than journalism
Met future wife 5 years younger than him named Mercedes Barcha Pardo(Egyptian decent)
Men are very protective of daughters
Women are the sensitive and caring ones that look after the kids
Cuban women also have a lot of superstitions and omens
Practice Santeria
Men don't pay much attention to gossip
Women spread rumors really fast
Virginity is not as important anymore
Women and men have more equal rights
Stereotypes of women remain
Machismo
Discussion Question
1948-1958: period of civil war called "La Violencia" between the Colombian Conservative Party & Colombian Liberal Party
La Violencia began b/c of the assassination of Jorge Gaitan
His death led to the Bogotazo riot
1957 the Declaration of Sitges proposed a National Front(1958-1974) resulting in a neutral cross-party
US construction & control of Panama Canal led to military uprisings 1903
1928 Banana Boom ended
Interesting Literary Techniques
Marquez used different literary techniques to show gender roles in different aspects of society.
How different are the gender roles in your culture?
Cuban Culture
Discussion Question: Do you think living in a small town has an effect on gender roles?
What was interesting?
He also ties in different parts of his culture to show the gender roles, such as the honor system and religion.
Symbols
Flowers- "...the fact that Angela Vicario dared put on the veil and the orange blossoms..." pg 42.

White veil- also pg 42

"Servanthood"-pg 9-10- particularly of women.
Characterization
Maria Alejandra Cervantes- no negative connotations, not shunned or disgraced. Sexual teacher (pg.65)
Bayardo San Roman-pg 34 "...too much of a man..."
pg 26-"'Everybody says he is enchanting..."
pg 29- "When I wake up...remind me that I'm going to marry her."
Angela Vicario-originally viewed as a decent girl, however, this changed after the news broke out.
pg 37" No one would have though...Angela Vicario wasn't a virgin"
pg 46- her beating
pg 83- "San Roman...victim"
Discussion Questions
Why do you think Angela was treated differently from Maria?
Why do you think the town accepted Maria? How do you think the town viewed her role and regarded it's importance?
Imagery
Brothel description: pg 64-65
" She'd been born and reared here....no place sadder than an empty bed."
Murder/death of Santiago Nasar- pgs. 118-119

Santiago's last attempt to preserve dignity- pg 120
What was easy to understand and what was difficult in relation to social and cultural context and issues?
Easy to understand
The Vicario brothers’ reasoning behind killing Santiago
“The brothers were brought up to be men” pg 31.
Placida Linero’s guilt
“she never forgave herself..” pg 98
Santiago Nasar and Divina Flor’s relationship
“the time has come for you to be tamed” pg 9
“Divina flor knew she was destined for Santiago Nasar’s furtive bed” pg 10
Bayardo San Roman’s decision to marry Angela
“Bayardo was going to marry whomever he chose” pg 34
Bayardo San Roman’s decision to return Angela, pg 46
Pura Vicario’s enforcement of the marriage
“love can be learned too” pg 35
“I thought she was going to kill me” pg 46
Prudencia Cotes’s support
“honor doesn't wait” pg 62
Multiple desires to inform Placida Linero
“I made up my mind in passing to say something to Placida Linero” pg 70
“to warn my dear friend Placida” pg 22

What was easy to understand and what was difficult in relation to social and cultural context and issues?
Difficult to understand


Bayardo’s attempt to impress Angela
“Bayardo went to the social club and sat down at the widower Xius’s table to play a game of dominoes” pg 35
Angela’s resistance to the marriage
“he seemed to much of a man for me” pg 34
“the only thing I prayed to God for was to give me the courage to kill myself” pg 37
Claims made by people trying to help Angela
“they ensisted that even the most difficult of husbands resigned themselves to anything as long as nobody knew about it” pg 38
Clotilde Armenta’s job
“Clotilde Armenta had replaced her husband behind the counter” pg 53
Shared desire for Maria Alejandrina Cervantes
“it was she who did away with my generation’s virginity. Santiago Nasar lost his senses the first time he saw her” pg 65
Bayardo San Roman’s return
“’well,’ he said, ‘here I am’” pg 95
Flora Miguel and Santiago Nasar’s relationship ending
“’Here you are,’ she told him. ‘And I hope they kill you!’” pg 113

Discussion Question
Why do you think Bayardo came back to be with Angela in the end of the book, despite all they had gone through?
Kacey Hung
Jeanine Marrou
Jennifer Perez
Allison Garcia
Full transcript