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Chapter 3; Regions

Geography Text pages 42-57

Ms. Fanone's Class

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 3; Regions

Chapter 3;

Consider this...
Do you think of these scenes when you hear the words "Middle East"?
The Middle East is often presented to us as an area where there are many conflicts, and as a dominating force over other parts of the world.

It is actually known as the "Crossroads of the Continents". Can you guess why? Check out the map for clues...
Think about its location in the world...
What is a Region?
First we need to recall the geographic idea of place: a specific location with unique physical and human characteristics.

Region refers to a large area of the earth with similar characteristics such as the "Middle East".
Regions divide the earth into areas that share at least one common characteristic.
Physical and human characteristics are used.
Other Examples of Regions...
The area codes associated with phone numbers all across Ontario are an example of human made regions. The first 3 digits are the common characteristic of each region.
Another example of a Region...
What comes to mind when you think of "the Rockies"?
This is a physical region defined by the earth's surface.
Back to the Example of the Middle East...
The Middle East gets it name from being in the middle of the eastern part of the world. In ancient times it was a trading hub and many items going from continent to continent passed through the Middle East.
Asia was known as the Far East and so countries closer to Europe were known as Near East or Middle East.

Some of its characteristics include; *leader in oil production, *90% Muslim population, *hot and dry climate.

There is great debate over which countries make up this region, it is often difficult to determine the exact boundaries of any region.
Physical Regions
These regions are classified by the types of landforms that they share. The Rocky Mountains and the Sahara desert are examples of physical regions.
A watershed is an example of a physical region. It is an area drained by a river system. Watersheds are separated by higher areas of land.
Transition Zones
A transition zone is an area where one physical region gradually gives way to another region.
Natural Vegetation
Natural Vegetation are usually found in transition zones. Ontario has 3 key types of natural vegetation.
Southern Ontario is covered with *broadleaf forest (forest of trees that lose their leaves as winter approaches).
Northern Ontario is covered with *coniferous forest (forest of trees with needles and that drop their seeds in cones).
Further north is covered with the *tundra region (filled with low shrubs and other hardy plants that can adapt to short summers and extreme cold winters.
These are physical regions that are identified by more than one factor. Factors include; landforms, climate, soil, and natural vegetation.
Canada has 15 ecozones
Ontario has 3 ecozones;
*The Hudson Plains
*Boreal Shield
*Mixed Wood Plains
The Boreal Shield is Canada's largest ecozone and spans across 6 provinces. Algonquin Park is the largest protected area in the region.
What is a Formal Region?
Formal regions are areas with at least one characteristic that is common throughout. It can be landforms, climate, waters, soils BUT political areas are also formal human regions.
Boundaries can be formed based on natural landforms, latitude or longitude lines, surveyed lines.
Examples of FORMAL regions include;
*Provinces (Ontario)
*Tropical Forest
*Wheat growing area
What is a Functional Region?
Functional regions are areas identified by what occurs within it. All its parts work together for a purpose, the flow of people, products and information connect these places. There is often an important central point.
Examples include;
*Telephone area codes
*Postal codes
*St. Michael school community
*Pizza delivery range
What is an Urban Region?
An urban city is one with 1000+ people living in it.

When people move from country to city living we call it Urbanization. As these cities get bigger and bigger and expand outward, we call this Urban Sprawl.
A city and it surrounding urban areas are called a metropolitan.
The Golden Horseshoe
*This is an urban region that curves around the west end of Lake Ontario.
*More than 7 million people live in this area, that's approx. 20% of Canada's population.
*It is estimated that by 2031 there will be a population of approx. 11 million.
*The Greater Toronto Area (GTA) is the most heavily populated part of this region.
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